Flashcards in Political Parties, Interest Groups, and Mass Media Deck (16):
The winning candidate is the person who receives more votes than anyone else, but less than half the total.
An electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each elected officials.
An historical period dominated by one political party.
An election when significant groups of voters change their traditional patterns of party loyalty.
The majority party so displaced by the minority party, thus ushering in a new party era.
A government in which one party controls the presidency while another party controls congress.
An organization of people whose members share views on specific interests and attempt to influence public policy to their benefit.
Political Action Committee (PAC)
A committee formed by business, labor, or other interest groups to raise money and make contributions to the campaigns of political candidates whom they support.
People who benefit from an interest group without making any contributions.
Power Elite Theory
The theory that a small number of very wealthy individuals, powerful corporate interest groups, and large financial institutions dominate key policy areas.
The theory that many interest groups compete for power in a large number of policy areas.
The theory that government policy is weakened and often contradictory because there are so many competing interest groups.
Means of communication such as newspapers, radio, television, and the Internet that can reach large, widely dispersed audiences.
Institutions that connect citizens to government. The mass media, interest groups, and political parties are the three main linkage institutions.
The tendency of the media to cover campaigns by emphasizing how candidates stand in the polls instead of where they stand on the issues.