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Flashcards in Political Spectrum Deck (10)
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1

Economic left

-social equality and egalitarianism, often opposes social hierarchy
-typically involves a concern for those who are disadvantaged in society and a belief that there are unjustified inequalities that need to be reduced or abolished (advocating social justice)

2

Economic right

-believe that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal and desirable
-natural law, economies or tradition typically support this position
-hierarchy and inequality may be viewed as natural results of traditional social differences as well as natural competition in market economies

3

Social - authoritarianism

-strong central power and limited political freedoms
-individual freedoms are subordinate to the state and there is no constitutional accountability under an authoritarian regime
-“state control”

4

Social - libertarianism

-liberty as a core principle
-seek to maximize political freedom and autonomy, emphasizing freedom of choice, voluntary association, and individual judgement
-skeptics of authority and state power

5

Leftist beliefs

Economics - strong government intervention in economy and unions. Often considered socialist (share the wealth)
Domestic policy - civil rights and equality major domestic issue
Environment - protecting the earth and preventing further global warming
Pro-choice - people’s right to choose in reproductive issues
Religion - usually atheist and anti-religion, no causes based on religious beliefs

6

Liberal

Economics - government should regulate economy and protect public from greedy businesses
Domestic policy - civil rights and equality
Environment - renewable sources of energy
Pro-choice - funding for reproductive aid
Gun rights- strict gun laws to limit 2nd amendment

7

Democratic

Economics - mixed economy supporting safety nets for the poor, including minimum wage
Domestic policy - civil rights important, but universal healthcare is vital
Environment- protect world with political and economic sanctions like carbon tax and renewable resources
Pro choice - reduce abortions by advocating birth control
Gun rights - gun measure laws in urban groups, rural are divided

8

Rightist

Economics- laissez-fairs economics prevent government intervention or safety nets
Domestic policy - prevent excessive immigration and promote nationalism
Environment - furthering the economy and maintaining growth
Pro-life - traditional family values
Religion- Christian ideals

9

Republican

Economics- free market and individual effort, free trade agreements favoured
Domestic policy - prevent pathways to citizenship and oppose “illegal immigration”
Environment - conservation prevents economic growth
Pro - life - abortions allowed in rare situations
Gun rights - support fun ownership and oppose restrictive gun rights

10

Conservative

Economics - reduce federal budget by limiting social welfare programs
Foreign policy - enforcing through military and nationalism
Environment- resist efforts to place environment above economy
Pro-life - resisting abortion due to traditional Christian values
Gun rights - 2nd amendment