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Flashcards in Pols Test 3 Deck (29):
1

what is a major problem plaguing Brazil?

corruption

2

which country is the world's largest democracy

india

3

who was egypts first and thus far only democratically elected leader

mohammad morsi

4

the ranked set of societal groups in India, arising out of the hindu religion is known as...

caste system

5

what is the name of the program used to help the poor in brazil by giving them money

bolsa familia

6

which transnational islamist organization gained legitimacy in Egypt by building hospitals and schools, and was ultimately elected into public office after the arab spring

muslim brotherhood

7

a sens of kinship based on shared language, religion, race, geography, ancestry and/or culture is known as ....

ethnicity

8

affirmative action policies have been implemented in Brazil to help racial minorities and which other group?

poor people

9

large groups with shared interest often fail to organize. What is this called?

collective action problem

10

when citizenship and political rights are determined on the basis of ethnicity, it is known as ...

ethnic nationalism

11

after the impeachment of Dilam Rourseff, which institution of government was seen as the most trustworthy by the Brazilian people

judiciary

12

which egyptian leader was known for having a cult of personality

Gamal Abdul Nasser

13

name the two major religious cleavages which have created violence throughout India's history

hinduism and islam

14

use of public office and or funds for personal financial gain is known as

political corruption

15

if a good is non-excludable, people are tempted to not contribute and enjoy it anyway. This is known as ____ "

"free rider" problem

16

what is one reason given to be hopeful for nigeria?

peaceful transfer of power/possible permanenece of a two party competition/improved electoral process

17

who founded islam

prophet muhammad

18

the offer of gifts, jobs, and or public services in exchange for political support is known as

clientelism

19

the idea that political parties must mold their strategies to the more moderate voters is known as

median voter

20

what are the two major sects of islam?

sunni and shi'a (what are the difference?)

21

which institution held power during Egypt's transition after the fall of Mubarak?

military/scaf

22

what type of electoral system is used by Brazil's chamber of deputies?

open-list proportional representation

23

who was elected in egypt's 2014 presidential election

sisi

24

when an abundant non-renewable natural resource undermines economic development and political stability is known as a

resource curse

25

which arab country had the only successful democratic transition during the arab spring

tunisia

26

using nigeria as an example, what often creates ethnically fragmented nation-states

colonialism

27

name one reason given in "exploring non-western democracy" to explore non-western democracy?

discontent with political parties/corruption/income inequality

28

those seeking to apply islamic principles and interpretations to policies are known as

islamists

29

what is the name of the terrorist group plaguing northern nigeria?

boko haram