Flashcards in POLS WEEK 2 Deck (105):
Was the constitution our first or second government?
What was our first government
Articles of Confederation
A government in which independent states unite for a common purpose, but retain their own sovereignty is ?
A system of government where the local and regional governments derive all authority from a strong national government is?
What is the opposite of a unitary system?
In a confederation, who has the power?
How long did the Articles of confederation last?
7 years (1781-1788)
What was the articles of confederation replaced by?
What did the colonies do after the Revolutionary war?
They came together to fight the British
true or false: after the revolutionary war, the colonies had no incentives or reason to remain united
Relationships among states was know as?
Articles of Confederation
Our name as a new nation was which Article?
Each state retains its sovereignty, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the united states in congress assembled was what article?
States were to cooperate with each other was know as ?
Firm league of friendship
Conducting foreign policy
declaring war and establishing peace
Controlling the common treasury which each state was to fund
resolving disputes among 2+ states was the job of ?
The continental congress
within the continental congress, states sent delegates to the congress and each state had how many votes?
What were 4 problems under the Articles of confederation?
Hard to get anything done(whether a major action or an amendment)
The requirements for taking action (9/13 states needed)
Regulation of commerce
each state for itself
True or false: Within the Articles of confederation some states made their own money?
Who was an indebted Revolutionary War veteran, who led an insurrection against foreclosures, etc., in western Massachusetts
When farmers left their farms to fight for independence without receiving pay from the Continental Congress, and returned home to find their property trying to be foreclosed, this brought the attempt to burn debt records and overtake an armory was called?
What is know as" the supreme law of the land" (Article IV)?
A law that deals with day to day laws, policies, etc. are ?
A type of law that asks-What does the Constitution say? How is it to be interpreted?
Seatbelt laws, drinking and driving are examples of what types of law?
When dealing with statutory laws one must ask themselves does this law conflict with?
55 men from 12 colonies meet during the (Rhode Island didn’t send anyone)?
The Constitutional Convention
Why didn't Rhode Island attend the Constitutional Convention
R.I. was afraid that if the AOC was too strong this new government could infringe
Did Rhode Island view the Articles of confederation as a threat?
What type of people made up the Constitutional Convention
Nearly everyone was highly educated; lawyers were a majority
True or false: During the Constitutional Convention 74 were originally selected by state legislatures?
Who were the first Politicalists ?
The federalists and the Anti-federalists
Who Favored a strong, central government and a radical departure from the Articles of Confederation
Who were Often wealthy attorneys or merchants
Who Supported a smaller, local government (more closely resembling the Articles of Confederation)
Who Feared that a large government could trample upon individual rights
Did most Anti-federalists owned small farms?
Name a famous Anti-federalists?
Who is known as the father of the Constitution?
Fact or Fiction?
During The Constitutional Convention Delegates met in total secrecy which was Unusual given that democracies normally make every effort to be as transparent as possible and Much to debate and decide, with some issues being especially contentious. this process to an entire summer?
Who was known as "the undersigned Delegates of the States"
Articles of confederation
When you see- To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting, you should think of ?
Articles of confederation
We the people of the United States refers to ?
When you see-We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America- you should think of ?
The Preambles consisted of?
Articles of confederation and Constitution
What article(s) describe Congress, the Presidency and the Courts as well as their duties and powers ?
Articles I, II and III:
What Article is know as the Full Faith and Credit
What Article contains the Full Faith and Credit Clause
What Article contains guidelines for admitting new states?
If a state must honor the laws of another state i.e.: if arrested in Florida and have a warrant in TX then you get extradited back to the state that you have the warrant in is an example of which clause?
Full Faith and Credit Clause
True or false: if you are gay married in one state are you married in all states?
True or False: If you have a concealed carrying permit in one state you have this permit in all states?
Federal government supposed to protect all the states
in which article?
Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) signed into law in?
Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) signed into law in 1996 by President?
States don’t have to recognize same sex marriages performed in other states (Section 2)
For federal purposes, marriage is between one man and one woman (Section 3) was a provision of what?
Edith Windsor and Thea Spyer (from NYC) married in Canada in what year?
If my wife had been Theo and not Thea I wouldn't have to pay was a quote for ?
Following Spyer’s death, Windsor faced $363,053 in taxes upon inheriting Spyer’s property due to ?
Whos principal effect is to identify a subset of state-sanctioned marriages and make them unequal. The principal purpose is to impose inequality, not for other reasons like governmental efficiency...The federal statute is invalid, for no legitimate purpose overcomes the purpose and effect to disparage and to injure those whom the State, by its marriage laws, sought to protect in personhood and dignity.”
Supreme Court votes 5-4 to strike down DOMA’s Section ?
What was the Obama administration’s approach to the DOMA ruling?
the federal government is to consider same sex couples married as long as they marry in a state that recognizes it
Does the DOMA ruling affect Section 2((States don’t have to recognize same sex marriages performed in other states (Section 2))
Which Article pertains to the Amendment Process?
For Article V the amendment process Proposal, what was the ration of both chambers of congress to agree?
(not east to get a congress level)
For Article V the amendment process Proposal, what was the ration of state legislatures to request a convention?
(in state if 2/3 say yes then it moves on)
For Article V the amendment process Ratification, what was the ration of votes of all state legislatures?
3/4 (38 states)
For Article V the amendment process Ratification, what was the ration of votes in special conventions?
What contains members of all 50 states to vote on a ratification of an amendment?
Is it very easy or vey hard to amend the constitution?
in the amendment process the 1st amendment must be ______ ______?
what is the ratio of amendments accepted by congress / amendments rejected by congress?
what amendment was repealed during a special convention?
18th amendment, prohibition
what article represents the Supremacy clause?
In Article ____, the federal government has to pay off debts from the revolutionary war?
In Article____, no religious test for those holding public office-meaning you don't need a religion to hold office?
What article represents the Ratification?
What document was adopted on September 17, 1787?
Article VII, Ratification
The constitution was effective upon ratification by _/_ states, and only in those states that had it ratified?
Why only 9 states and not all 13? was this a good idea?
SO no one questioned it legitimacy. yes!
What state was know as " the first state" to ratify the constitution?
Constitution became effective June 21, 17_ _ replacing the AOC?
Many states were initially afraid of the constitution because of the absence of ?
Bill of rights
Deliberate use of vague _______ was a strategy to obtain ratification?
Why was vague language used?
to avoid criticism
Hames Madison, alexander Hamilton, and john jay were the three founding_____?
The federalist was a newspaper written 3-4 times per?
What did the federalist newspaper say?
why we need to ratify the constitution
What did the federalist newspaper also say?
why the constitution matter and was the best government in the world
Brace yourself for amendments!!!!!
breath in breath out!!!!
Freedom of speech, press and assembly?
right to bear arms?
no quartering of soldiers w/o homeowners consent?
freedom from unreasonable seizures?
due process for the accused ?
speedy public trial by jury?
right to trial by jury in civil suits?
no cruel and unusual punishment
Pertaining to the Legacy of the Constitution, who said "if not the greatest exertion of human understanding…the greatest single effort of national deliberation that the world has ever seen’”
– John Adams – Federalist
Pertaining to the Legacy of the Constitution, who said an assembly of demigods”
– John Adams – Federalist
fact or fiction: July 4th 1826, 50 years after declaration of independence signed, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died an the same day?
who said ,"the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man"
William Gladstone, English statesman in 1887
Constitutions around the world
Ours is the oldest constitution in the world
Most constitutions much, much younger is an international______?
Of the 170 countries that exist today, more than _____ have written charters modeled directly or indirectly on the U.S. version.”
the birther movement is about?
obama and where he was born, kenya or hawaii