POLS WEEK 2 Flashcards Preview

POLS WEEK 2 > POLS WEEK 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in POLS WEEK 2 Deck (105):
1

Was the constitution our first or second government?

Second

2

What was our first government

Articles of Confederation

3

A government in which independent states unite for a common purpose, but retain their own sovereignty is ?

Confederation

4

A system of government where the local and regional governments derive all authority from a strong national government is?

Unitary system

5

What is the opposite of a unitary system?

Confederation

6

In a confederation, who has the power?

the states

7

How long did the Articles of confederation last?

7 years (1781-1788)

8

What was the articles of confederation replaced by?

The constitution

9

What did the colonies do after the Revolutionary war?

They came together to fight the British

10

true or false: after the revolutionary war, the colonies had no incentives or reason to remain united

true

11

Relationships among states was know as?

Articles of Confederation

12

Our name as a new nation was which Article?

Article I

13

Each state retains its sovereignty, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction which is not by this Confederation expressly delegated to the united states in congress assembled was what article?

Article II

14

States were to cooperate with each other was know as ?

Firm league of friendship

15

Conducting foreign policy
declaring war and establishing peace
Controlling the common treasury which each state was to fund
resolving disputes among 2+ states was the job of ?

The continental congress

16

within the continental congress, states sent delegates to the congress and each state had how many votes?

One

17

What were 4 problems under the Articles of confederation?

Hard to get anything done(whether a major action or an amendment)
The requirements for taking action (9/13 states needed)
Regulation of commerce
each state for itself

18

True or false: Within the Articles of confederation some states made their own money?

True

19

Who was an indebted Revolutionary War veteran, who led an insurrection against foreclosures, etc., in western Massachusetts

Daniel Shays

20

When farmers left their farms to fight for independence without receiving pay from the Continental Congress, and returned home to find their property trying to be foreclosed, this brought the attempt to burn debt records and overtake an armory was called?

Shays Rebellion

21

What is know as" the supreme law of the land" (Article IV)?

The constitution

22

A law that deals with day to day laws, policies, etc. are ?

Statutory law

23

A type of law that asks-What does the Constitution say? How is it to be interpreted?

Constitutional law

24

Seatbelt laws, drinking and driving are examples of what types of law?

Statutory law

25

When dealing with statutory laws one must ask themselves does this law conflict with?

Constitutional law

26

55 men from 12 colonies meet during the (Rhode Island didn’t send anyone)?

The Constitutional Convention

27

Why didn't Rhode Island attend the Constitutional Convention

R.I. was afraid that if the AOC was too strong this new government could infringe

28

Did Rhode Island view the Articles of confederation as a threat?

yes

29

What type of people made up the Constitutional Convention

Nearly everyone was highly educated; lawyers were a majority

30

True or false: During the Constitutional Convention 74 were originally selected by state legislatures?

true

31

Who were the first Politicalists ?

The federalists and the Anti-federalists

32

Who Favored a strong, central government and a radical departure from the Articles of Confederation

Federalists

33

Who were Often wealthy attorneys or merchants

Federalists

34

Who Supported a smaller, local government (more closely resembling the Articles of Confederation)

Anti-federalists

35

Who Feared that a large government could trample upon individual rights

Anti-federalists

36

Did most Anti-federalists owned small farms?

Yes

37

Name a famous Anti-federalists?

Thomas Jefferson

38

Who is known as the father of the Constitution?

James Madison

39

Fact or Fiction?
During The Constitutional Convention Delegates met in total secrecy which was Unusual given that democracies normally make every effort to be as transparent as possible and Much to debate and decide, with some issues being especially contentious. this process to an entire summer?


Fact

40

Who was known as "the undersigned Delegates of the States"

Articles of confederation

41

When you see- To all to whom these Presents shall come, we the undersigned Delegates of the States affixed to our Names send greeting, you should think of ?

Articles of confederation

42

We the people of the United States refers to ?

Constitution

43

When you see-We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America- you should think of ?

Constitution

44

The Preambles consisted of?

Articles of confederation and Constitution

45

What article(s) describe Congress, the Presidency and the Courts as well as their duties and powers ?

Articles I, II and III:

46

What Article is know as the Full Faith and Credit

Article IV

47

What Article contains the Full Faith and Credit Clause

Article IV

48

What Article contains guidelines for admitting new states?

Article IV

49

If a state must honor the laws of another state i.e.: if arrested in Florida and have a warrant in TX then you get extradited back to the state that you have the warrant in is an example of which clause?

Full Faith and Credit Clause

50

True or false: if you are gay married in one state are you married in all states?

False

51

True or False: If you have a concealed carrying permit in one state you have this permit in all states?

False

52

Federal government supposed to protect all the states
in which article?

Article IV

53

Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) signed into law in?

1996

54

Defense of Marriage Act (“DOMA”) signed into law in 1996 by President?

Bill Clinton

55

States don’t have to recognize same sex marriages performed in other states (Section 2)
and
For federal purposes, marriage is between one man and one woman (Section 3) was a provision of what?

DOMA

56

Edith Windsor and Thea Spyer (from NYC) married in Canada in what year?

2009

57

If my wife had been Theo and not Thea I wouldn't have to pay was a quote for ?

Edith Windsor

58

Following Spyer’s death, Windsor faced $363,053 in taxes upon inheriting Spyer’s property due to ?

DOMA

59

Whos principal effect is to identify a subset of state-sanctioned marriages and make them unequal. The principal purpose is to impose inequality, not for other reasons like governmental efficiency...The federal statute is invalid, for no legitimate purpose overcomes the purpose and effect to disparage and to injure those whom the State, by its marriage laws, sought to protect in personhood and dignity.”

DOMA

60

Supreme Court votes 5-4 to strike down DOMA’s Section ?

Three

61

What was the Obama administration’s approach to the DOMA ruling?

the federal government is to consider same sex couples married as long as they marry in a state that recognizes it

62

Does the DOMA ruling affect Section 2((States don’t have to recognize same sex marriages performed in other states (Section 2))

No

63

Which Article pertains to the Amendment Process?

Article V

64

For Article V the amendment process Proposal, what was the ration of both chambers of congress to agree?

2/3
(not east to get a congress level)

65

For Article V the amendment process Proposal, what was the ration of state legislatures to request a convention?

2/3
(in state if 2/3 say yes then it moves on)

66

For Article V the amendment process Ratification, what was the ration of votes of all state legislatures?

3/4 (38 states)

67

For Article V the amendment process Ratification, what was the ration of votes in special conventions?

3/4

68

What contains members of all 50 states to vote on a ratification of an amendment?

Special convention

69

Is it very easy or vey hard to amend the constitution?

very hard

70

in the amendment process the 1st amendment must be ______ ______?

formally proposed

71

what is the ratio of amendments accepted by congress / amendments rejected by congress?

27/10,000

72

what amendment was repealed during a special convention?

18th amendment, prohibition

73

what article represents the Supremacy clause?

Article VI

74

In Article ____, the federal government has to pay off debts from the revolutionary war?

VI

75

In Article____, no religious test for those holding public office-meaning you don't need a religion to hold office?

VI

76

What article represents the Ratification?

Article VII

77

What document was adopted on September 17, 1787?

Article VII, Ratification

78

The constitution was effective upon ratification by _/_ states, and only in those states that had it ratified?

9/13

79

Why only 9 states and not all 13? was this a good idea?

SO no one questioned it legitimacy. yes!

80

What state was know as " the first state" to ratify the constitution?

Delaware

81

Constitution became effective June 21, 17_ _ replacing the AOC?

1788

82

Many states were initially afraid of the constitution because of the absence of ?

Bill of rights

83

Deliberate use of vague _______ was a strategy to obtain ratification?

language

84

Why was vague language used?

to avoid criticism

85

Hames Madison, alexander Hamilton, and john jay were the three founding_____?

Fathers

86

The federalist was a newspaper written 3-4 times per?

week

87

What did the federalist newspaper say?

why we need to ratify the constitution

88

What did the federalist newspaper also say?

why the constitution matter and was the best government in the world

89

Brace yourself for amendments!!!!!

breath in breath out!!!!

90

Freedom of speech, press and assembly?

1st Amendment

91

right to bear arms?

2ndAmendment

92

no quartering of soldiers w/o homeowners consent?

3rd Amendment

93

freedom from unreasonable seizures?

4th amendment

94

due process for the accused ?

5th Amendment

95

speedy public trial by jury?

6th Amendment

96

right to trial by jury in civil suits?

7th Amendment

97

no cruel and unusual punishment

8th amendment

98

Pertaining to the Legacy of the Constitution, who said "if not the greatest exertion of human understanding…the greatest single effort of national deliberation that the world has ever seen’”

– John Adams – Federalist

99

Pertaining to the Legacy of the Constitution, who said an assembly of demigods”

– John Adams – Federalist

100

fact or fiction: July 4th 1826, 50 years after declaration of independence signed, Thomas Jefferson and John Adams died an the same day?

Fact

101

who said ,"the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man"

William Gladstone, English statesman in 1887

102

Constitutions around the world
Ours is the oldest constitution in the world
Most constitutions much, much younger is an international______?

perspective

103

Of the 170 countries that exist today, more than _____ have written charters modeled directly or indirectly on the U.S. version.”

160

104

the birther movement is about?

obama and where he was born, kenya or hawaii

105

Hadiya Pendleton, 15 (pictured), was murdered in Chicago on Jan. 29, 2013. she died near ____ home?

obamas