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Flashcards in Population Deck (35):
1

0-14 years old are too young to work so are known as the

youthful dependants

2

15-64 years old, work and support others they are known as the

 

active population

3

65+ years old are senior citizens and are known as the

old age dependants

4

Three methods of gathering population data are:

  1. Census
  2. Civil Registration
  3. National, European and Global Surveys

5

Some of the data collected by Census are:

  • Age
  • Sex
  • Occupation
  • Qualifications
  • Ethnic Origins
  • Knowledge of Gaelic

6

Censues are carried out every

10 years

7

Civil Registration collects data on

  • Births
  • Deaths
  • Marriages

8

Collection of Civil Registration data takes place

every day

9

National, European and Global Surveys collect

 

The same data as censuses but only for 10% of the population

10

Data collected can be used to make sure there is:

 

  • Education Provision
  • Employment Oppotunities
  • Adequate Housing & Transport
  • Pension Provision
  • Maternity Care Provision
  • Geriatric Health care and Sheltered Hosuing Provision

11

The eight difficulties in Collecting Data are:

  1. Expensive to train enumerators
  2. Nomadic People/illegal immigrants hard to account for
  3. People refusing to participate due to social or religious reasons
  4. Developed Countries data is more reliable (Nigeria)
  5. Low levels of literacy
  6. Variety of languages
  7. Enthic Tensions and Internal Politics
  8. Poor communication links - Difficult terrain (Nepal)

12

Population change has two main components:

 

  • Natural Change
  • Migration Change

13

Natural Change in a population is when

the population of a state experiences more deaths than births and vice versa.

 

14

Migration Change is when

more people more to a country than emigrate and this results in an increase in population and vice versa.

15

Fertility is the number of

live births and is measured by crude birth rate which is the number of live-births per 1000 for one year

16

The 6 factors that affect fertility are:

 

  1. Cheap Labour
  2. Social Pressures
  3. Economic and Social Burden
  4. Religious Influence
  5. Educational Opportunity
  6. Government Influence

17

Crude death rate is the

 

number of deaths per thousand people for a given year

18

Infant mortality rate is the

 

number of deaths per infants under one year of age per thousand live births in a given year

19

Life expectancy is the

 

average number of years from birth that a person can expect to live to

20

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 1 - Birth rate is

 

high

21

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 1 - Death Rate is

high

22

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 1 - Population is

 

low and fluctuating

23

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 1 - Geographical Place

Rainforest Tribes

24

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 1 - Examples of countries where tribes exist

 

Indoneisa, Brazil and Ecuador

25

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 2 - Birth rate is

 

high

26

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 2 - Death Rate is

 

Rapidly decreasing

27

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 2 - Population is

Rapidly increasing

28

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 2 - Place where this stage exists

Afghanistan

29

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 2 - Fact about case study

 

2.6% annual increase in population

30

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 3 - Birth rate is

 

rapidly decreasing

31

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 3 - Death rate is

 

slowly decreasing

32

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 3 - Population is

 

Slowly increasing

33

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 3 - An example of a place with stage 3 is

 

Brazil

34

Demographic Transition Model: Stage 3 - Facts about stage 3 case study

 

  • Newly Industrailised, becoming rich quickly
  • Birth rate is high because it is Roman Catholic

35