Population Part 2 Flashcards Preview

Old Higher Geography > Population Part 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Population Part 2 Deck (47):
0

Demographic transition model: stage 4 - birth rate is

Low

1

Demographic transition model: stage 4 - death rate is

Low

2

Demographic transition model: stage 4 - population is

High and fluctuating

3

Demographic transition model: stage 4 - an example of a place in stage 4 is

USA

4

Demographic transition model: stage 4 - case study fact

Growth due to immigration

5

Demographic transition model: stage 5 - birth rate is

Slowly decreasing

6

Demographic transition model: stage 5 - death rate is

Increasing slowly

7

Demographic transition model: stage 5 - population

Slowly decreasing

8

Demographic transition model: stage 5 - an example of s place in stage 5 is

Germany

9

Demographic transition model: stage 5 - 2 case study facts

1) women are high achievers do birth rate fall
2) declining workforce to pay taxes

10

In a ELDC population pyramid the base is _____ indicating a

Wide, high birth rate

11

In a ELDC population pyramid the top is _____ indicating

Narrow, high death rate

12

An example of a ELDC country is

Afghanistan

13

In a EMDC population pyramid the base is ______ indicating a

Small, low birth rate

14

In a EMDC population pyramid the top is _____ indicating a

Small, low death rate

15

An example of a country in a EMDC is

Japan

16

Reasons for high birth rate in ELDCS are :

1) children to farm land - Ethiopia
2) infant mortality rate - compensating
3) contraceptives not available
4) abortion illegal - Philippines
5) status of women- marry early have lots of children
6) social status - lots is good - Mexico
7) preference for boys- keep trying

17

Reasons for low birth rate in EMDCS are :

1) women better status
2) economics - less kids better lifestyle
3) contraceptives available
4) abortion is legal
5) lower infant mortality rates

18

Reasons for high death rate and high infant mortality rates in ELDCS are :

1) poverty - poor housing, sanitation - Nairobi Kenya
2) malnourishment
3) shortage of medical personnel - limited funding and education
4) AIDS - 6000 people every day
5) Unstable - war - Rwanda and Iraq

19

Reasons for low birth rate and infant mortality rates in EMDCS are :

1) better housing and sanitation
2) better education- health and hygiene
3) contraception- no AIDS
4) better medical- vaccines, screening
5) more stable, less wars

20

Forced migration is when

People have no choice but to move

21

Voluntary migration is when

People choose to move

22

Rural to urban migration is when

Countryside to city

23

Urban to rural migration is

City to countryside

24

Regional migration is

Moving from one region of a country to another

25

International migration is moving from

One country to another

26

Urban to urban migration is moving from

City to City

28

Internal migration is moving from

One area to another

29

Push Factors for migration are:

1) Poverty
2) Lack of services
3) Natural Disasters
4) Poor Farming
5) Poor Housing
6) Unemployment
7) Poor Climate
8) War

30

Pull Factors for migration are:

1) Education
2) Health care
3) Housing
4) Jobs
5) Better climate
6) Family
7) Entertainment
8) Bright lights syndrome

31

Problems faced by migrants moving to an Urban Area: The rural area left behind experiences issues such as

1) Working Population Leaves
2) Elderly people left behind
3) Fewer people to develop resources

32

Problems faced by migrants moving to an Urban Area:

1) Shanty Towns
2) Poor Electricity Supply
3) Lacking Sewage system
4) Poor Clean Water supply
5) Overcrowded
6) Housing often built of scrap materials
7) Housing often illegal
8) Few schools or hospitals
example: Brazil

33

Voluntary Internal Migration Studies: rural to urban is

Rural Africa to Cape Town, South Africa

34

Voluntary Internal Migration Studies: Urban to Rural is

Urban UK to Rural UK

35

Push Factors for UK Urban to Rural

1) Traffic congestion
2) Housing Prices are expensive
3) High Crime rates
Noise and air pollution

36

Pull Factors for UK Urban to Rural

1) Perceived better quality of life
2) Rural areas considered safer
3) Less pollution, more open
4) More affordable
5) More business/employees are relocating to rural areas
6) Improved internet connectivity

37

Consequences of counter urbanization: Positive-

1) Rural house prices increase - good for estate agents
2) Local services thrive
3) Local Schools thrive
4) Increased local population

38

Consequences of counter urbanization: Negative -

1) Rural house price increase - less affordable
2) Locals resent new inhabitants
3) Local shops start to decline as big companies move in
4) Loss of community spirit
5) Increased local population
6) More Traffic congestion and accidents

39

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Push Factors

1) Extreme climate
2) Poor Soil
3) High population growth rate
4) Food Shortages
5) Very little industry
6) High unemployment
7) Little investment in public services
8) High infant mortality rate

40

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Pull Factors

1) Shortage of workforce
2) Very slow population growth
3) Declining economically
4) Demand for unskilled labor
5) Gastrabeiter policy to attract workers

41

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Positive Consequences for Turkey

1) Less pressure on Turkish resources
2) Unemployment declined
3) Lower birth rate
4) Money sent back - boosted economy
5) Migrants learned new skills which they brought back with them

42

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Negative Consequences for Turkey

1) Young active population left
2) Skilled and educated left
3) Dependent population left behind
4) Families put under strain by separation
5) Not enough people to defend border of Turkey and Iraq

43

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Positive Consequences for Germany

1) Filled job vacancies
2) Rebuilt factories
3) Took dirty and dangerous unskilled jobs
4) Provided an exploitable workforce
5) Cultural benefits
6) boosted Germany's tourism

44

Turks to Germany: International Voluntary migration: Negative Consequences for Germany

1) Migrants found it hard to fit in
2) Language Barriers - Germans provided expensive classes
3) Turks concentrated in a few cities
4) Frankfurt 23% of population foreign
5) Rapid population growth
6) Pressure on schools and health care
7) 1976 saw race riots
8) Repatriation schemes in 1980 people were paid £2500 to go home.

45

Sudan to Chad - Forced Migration : Sudan Push Factors

1) Internal issues, division of Sudan
2) Severe drought
3) Civil War
4) High levels of violence, 70,000 people killed
5) Air raids, kidnappings
6) Famine, in 1988 killed one million

46

Sudan to Chad - Forced Migration: Chad Pull Factors

1) No conflict
2) Both refugees and locals from same ethnic group
3) Both speak same language
4) Both have same customs

47

Sudan to Chad - Forced Migration: Negative consequences for Chad

1) Competition for food and water
2) Shortage of food
3) Malnutrition and famine
4) Increase in diseases
5) Increased deforestation
6) Civil war between locals and refugees