Port I: comparisons, passado do subjuntivo, frases hipotéticas com "se", o futuro do subjuntivo, imperfeito do subjuntivo, futuro do subjuntivo Flashcards Preview

Portuguese > Port I: comparisons, passado do subjuntivo, frases hipotéticas com "se", o futuro do subjuntivo, imperfeito do subjuntivo, futuro do subjuntivo > Flashcards

Flashcards in Port I: comparisons, passado do subjuntivo, frases hipotéticas com "se", o futuro do subjuntivo, imperfeito do subjuntivo, futuro do subjuntivo Deck (51):
1

better

melhor

2

worse

pior

3

bigger

maior

4

smaller

menor

5

what don't you do in Port w/ the comparisons?

… you don't say “mais pequeno” or “mais grande”

6

how do you form the past and future subjunctive?

both can be formed from the stem of the third-person plural of the pret of the indicative mood

7

put DIZER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

disseram->dissesse

8

put PÔR in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

puseram->pusesse

9

put SER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

foram->fosse

10

put TRAZER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

trouxeram->trouxesse

11

put VER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

viram->visse

12

put VIR in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ

vieram->viesse

13

put DIZER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

disseram->disser

14

put PÔR in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

puseram->puser

15

put SER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

foram->for

16

put TRAZER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

trouxeram->trouxer

17

put VER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

viram->vir

18

put VIR in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ

vieram->vier

19

past subjunctive of FALAR

falasse / falasse / falássemos / eles falassem

20

full future subjunctive conjugations of FALAR

falar / falar / falarmos / falarem

21

future subjunctive of SABER

souber / souber / soubermos / souberem

22

future subjunctive of SER

for / for / formos / forem

23

what should you keep in mind about the “personal infinitive” v. “future subjunctive”

personal infinitive is derived from the regular infinitive form whereas the future subjunctive comes from the pret. 3º person plural. So in irreg verbs the two will be different but in reg verbs they'll be the same.

24

what are some adverbial conjunctions that suggest the future subjunctive

quando, logo que, assim que, despois que, enquanto, & sempre que.

25

both Span and Port will use the indicative if these adverbial conjunctions...

refer to situations in the past or situations considered habit.

26

it's possible that

é possivel que

27

it's impossible that

é impossivel que

28

it's probable that

é provável que

29

it's advised that

é aconselhável que

30

it's important that

é importante que

31

it's necessary that

é necesário que

32

it's better that

é melhor que

33

it's difficult that

é dificil que

34

it's convenient that

convém que

35

it's enough that

basta que

36

so that

para que, a fim de que

37

provided that

contanto que

38

as long as

desde que

39

unless

sem que, a não ser que, a menos que, 

40

in case

caso

41

even if

nem que

42

although

embora, mesmo que

43

even though

ainda que, se bem que

44

Comparisons of inequality are made with...

“mais” or “menos” + adj + do. / ex. “Mariana é mais alta do que Paulo”

45

comparisons of equality are made with...

ex: Mariana is as tall as João

tão adj. + adj. + quanto / ex. Mariana é tão alta quanto João

46

comparisons of equality of VERBS are made with...

Ex: Cládia works as much as José

Verb + tanto quanto / ex. “Cládia trabalha tanto quanto José”

47

comparisons of equality of NOUNS are made with...

Marina has as many kids as Pedro

Tanto-a os-as + noun + quanti / ex. Marina tem tantos filhos quanto Pedro

48

Falar in the imperfect subjunctive

falasse

falasses 

falasse

falássemos

falassem

49

Comer in the imperfect subjunctive

comesse

comesses

comesse

coméssemos

comessem

50

Partir in the imperfect subjunctive

partisse

partisses

partisse

partíssemos

partissem

51

With IF COMMANDS when do you use the imperfect subjunctive (i.e., past subjunctive) and when do you use the future subjunctive?

IMP: when the odds are nearly zero

FUTURE: when the odds are higher but still low