what don't you do in Port w/ the comparisons?
… you don't say “mais pequeno” or “mais grande”
how do you form the past and future subjunctive?
both can be formed from the stem of the third-person plural of the pret of the indicative mood
put DIZER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put PÔR in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put SER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put TRAZER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put VER in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put VIR in the past subjunctive for VOCÊ
put DIZER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
put PÔR in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
put SER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
put TRAZER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
put VER in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
put VIR in the future subjunctive for VOCÊ
past subjunctive of FALAR
falasse / falasse / falássemos / eles falassem
full future subjunctive conjugations of FALAR
falar / falar / falarmos / falarem
future subjunctive of SABER
souber / souber / soubermos / souberem
future subjunctive of SER
for / for / formos / forem
what should you keep in mind about the “personal infinitive” v. “future subjunctive”
personal infinitive is derived from the regular infinitive form whereas the future subjunctive comes from the pret. 3º person plural. So in irreg verbs the two will be different but in reg verbs they'll be the same.
what are some adverbial conjunctions that suggest the future subjunctive
quando, logo que, assim que, despois que, enquanto, & sempre que.
both Span and Port will use the indicative if these adverbial conjunctions...
refer to situations in the past or situations considered habit.
it's possible that
é possivel que
it's impossible that
é impossivel que
it's probable that
é provável que
it's advised that
é aconselhável que
it's important that
é importante que
it's necessary that
é necesário que
it's better that
é melhor que
it's difficult that
é dificil que
it's convenient that
it's enough that
para que, a fim de que
as long as
sem que, a não ser que, a menos que,
embora, mesmo que
ainda que, se bem que
Comparisons of inequality are made with...
“mais” or “menos” + adj + do. / ex. “Mariana é mais alta do que Paulo”
comparisons of equality are made with...
ex: Mariana is as tall as João
tão adj. + adj. + quanto / ex. Mariana é tão alta quanto João
comparisons of equality of VERBS are made with...
Ex: Cládia works as much as José
Verb + tanto quanto / ex. “Cládia trabalha tanto quanto José”
comparisons of equality of NOUNS are made with...
Marina has as many kids as Pedro
Tanto-a os-as + noun + quanti / ex. Marina tem tantos filhos quanto Pedro
Falar in the imperfect subjunctive
Comer in the imperfect subjunctive
Partir in the imperfect subjunctive
With IF COMMANDS when do you use the imperfect subjunctive (i.e., past subjunctive) and when do you use the future subjunctive?
IMP: when the odds are nearly zero
FUTURE: when the odds are higher but still low