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Flashcards in Portugal - North Deck (39):
1

What is the climate of Vinho Verde DOP and Minho IGP?

Atlantic
High rainfall - rot is an issue
Cool

2

What is the traditional vine training system of Vinho Verde?

Enforcado
Training the vines up trees, telephone poles, stakes, creating a canopy
> Reduces humidity due to climate
> Other crops grown below
> Now only 10% of vines grown this way

3

What is Enforcado?

The traditional vine training system of Vinho Verdo DOP and Minho IGP. Training the vines up trees, telephone poles, stakes, creating a canopy
> Reduces humidity due to climate
> Other crops grown below
> Now only 10% of vines grown this way

4

What is Portugal's largest DOP?

Vinho Verde DOP
15% of total plantings, 60,000ha

5

What styles of wine can be produced in Vinho Verde DOP?

Sparkling (min 9 months on lees) - Espumante
White - Branco
Varietal Alvarinho
Rosado
Red - Tinto
Late Harvest (Vindima Tardia)

6

Which grape variety is most commonly planted in Vinho Verde DOP?

Loureiro

7

Which sub region of Vinho Verde DOP can produce varietally labelled Alvarinho? (Still and sparkling) Why?

Monção e Melgaço
Along the river Minho, across from Rias Baixas DO Condado do Tea

8

What is the minimum alcohol requirement for all Vinho Verde DOP wines?

8% abv

9

What are the white grapes for Vinho Verde DOP?

Loureiro
Avesso
Azal
Arinto
Alvarinho
Trajadura
Batoca

10

Where is Trasmontano IGP?

Northern Portugal, east of Vinho Verde DOP
Hot, dry, mountainous
Ripe and full bodied
Whites - Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Rabigato and others
Reds - Touriga Nacional, Tinta Franca, Tinta Roriz, Bastardo, Trincadeira

11

What is the DO within Trasmontano IGP?

Trás-os-Montes DO

Whites - Fernão Pires, Gouveio, Rabigato and others
Reds - Touriga Nacional, Tinta Franca, Tinta Roriz, Bastardo, Trincadeira and others

12

Which IGP and DO region is east of Vinho Verde DO adn Minho IGP?

Trasmontano IGP
Tras-os-Montes DO

13

Does Douro DOP allow fortified wines or table wines?

Both!
Table wines - still (white, rosado, red) and sparkling

Vino Licoroso is allowed for Moscatel do Douro, vin de liqueur - fortified! Carry age requirements as for Tawny. Made from Moscatel Galego (Muscat blanc a petits grains)

Port is covered by Porto DO, not Douro DO

14

What is Moscatel do Douro?

A vin de liqueur (Vino Licoroso) made from fortified Moscatel Galego (Muscat blanc a petits grains)
18 months aging before release (no wood requirement, just aging)
Can be labelled with age requirements as per Tawny

15

What is the major centre of trade within the Douro DO?

Pinhão

16

What is the name of the boats that used to take Port from Pinhaão to Vila Nova de Gaia?

Barco Rabelo

17

What was the first significant dry table wine of the Douro? First vintage?

Barca Velha
1952

18

What was the first vintage of Barca Velha?

1952

19

Who produces Barca Velha?

Ferreira
Now Casa Ferreirinha, owned by Sogrape
First vintage 1952

20

When did the requirement to store and ship all Port from Vila Nova de Gaia end?

1986

21

What was significant in the Port industry in 1986?

End of Port monopoly due to EU membership.
Port no longer had to aged in and shipped from Vila Nova de Gaia

22

Which estate forms the basis of Barca Velha?

Now Quinta da Leda fruit since 2001 - Douro Superior
Originally Quinta do Vale Meão

23

In which years was Barca Velha produced?

1952
...trying to find them all. Definitely these:

1964
1965
1966

1978

1981
1982
1983
1985

1991
1995
1999

2004
2008

24

How many vintages have there been of Barca Velha?

18
(Julia Harding says 17...)

25

What is the second wine of Barca Velha?

Casa Ferreirinha Reserva Especial

26

In 2011, the Beiras IGP was discontinued, and separated into four new IGP. What are they?

IGP Beiras Atlântico (Bairrada DOP located here)
IGP Terras do Dão (Dão DOP located here)
IGP Terras de Cister (Land of the Cistercians - Távora-Varosa DOP located here, sparkling wine)
IGP Terras de Beira (Beiras Interior DOP located here, insignificant)

27

What style of wine is made in DOP Távora-Varosa?

Still white, rosado, red
Known for sparkling - white or red
Must be traditional method, 9 months minimum on lees.

28

Which DOP of northern Portugal is known for traditional method sparkling wine made with a minimum 9 months lees aging?

Távora-Varosa DOP

Located just south of Douro/Porto DOP

29

What styles of wine can be made in Dão DOP?

Branco - white (Nobre, Reserva or Garrafeira)
Rosado - pink
Tinto - red (Nobre, Reserva or Garrafeira)
Novo Tinto - nouveau red
Espumoso - sparkling

30

What is the soil type of Douro DOP

Schist

31

What is the soil type of Dão DOP?

Granite

32

What does the Portuguese labelling term garrafeira mean?

'Private wine cellar'
Indicates a minimum period of aging before release

33

How long must red garrefeira wines age before release?

30 months
including at least 12 months in bottle

34

How long must white and rosado garrefeira wines age before release?

12 months
including at least 6 months in bottle

35

What is Garrafeira Vintage Port and who pioneered the modern style?

Dirk Niepoort
Vintage dated Port aged for at least eight years in glass demijohns following from the 3-6 years oak aging.

36

What are the main varieties grown in Dão DOP?

Bical
Encruzado
Cercial
Terrantez
Verdelho
Malvasia Fina
And others...

Touriga Nacional
Tinta Franca
Tinta Cão
Jaen
Alfrocheiro
Aragonez (Tempranillo)
Bastardo (Trousseau)
Rufete
Trincadeira

37

What is the soil type of Bairrada DOP?

Lime-rich Clay
White grapes planted in the sandier soils

38

What are the main varieties of Bairrada DOP?

Arinto
Bical
Cercial
Maria-Gomes (Fernão Pires)
Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Pinot Blanc
and other indigeneous...

Baga (min. 50%)
Jaen
Touriga Nacional
Castelão
Alfrocheiro
Camarate
And others...

39

What is the climate like in Bairrada DOP?

High rainfall
Mild climate