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OH - Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles & Thirty Common Ornamental Weeds in Idaho > Post-Book Review > Flashcards

Flashcards in Post-Book Review Deck (51):
1

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O Herbicide label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

What is the common name for CONVEG T/O Herbicide?
A. CONVEG T/O Herbicide
B. CONVEG
C. Fluazifop-P-butyl
D. Butyl (R)-2-[4-[[5-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]oxy] phenoxy propanoate

C

2

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

What is the minimum acceptable personal protective clothing when applying CONVEG T/O Herbicide to an ornamental planting for itchgrass control?
A. Long-sleeved shirt, long pants, PVC gloves
B. Long-sleeved shirt, long pants, nitrile gloves, full face shield
C. Long-sleeved shirt, long pants, PVC gloves, full face shield
D. Long-sleeved shirt, long pants, PVC gloves, full face shield, apron

A

3

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

The reentry interval for CONVEG T/O Herbicide is:
A. 1 hour
B. 12 hours
C. 24 hours
D. When sprays have dried

D

4

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

CONVEG T/O Herbicide should be applied:
A. To dormant plants in the late fall or winter
B. Prior to emergence of the grass weeds
C. To the soil and incorporated with water
D. To the foliage of the grass weeds

D

5

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

CONVEG T/O Herbicide will control which of the listed weeds if label directions are followed?
A. Lilac
B. Yellow nutsedge
C. Foxtail
D. False spirea

C

6

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Which of the following reduces the effectiveness of CONVEG T/O Herbicide ?
A. Tillage of rhizomes and stolons prior to application
B. Warm temperatures during the application
C. Irrigation two days prior to application
D. Irrigation within 30 minutes of application

D

7

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Applications of CONVEG T/O Herbicide to annual grasses should occur:
A. Prior to germination
B. During early vegetative growth
C. At tillering
D. After seedheadd initiation

B

8

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Rope-wick applications of CONVEG T/O Herbicide:
A. Are prohibited
B. Direct the herbicide solution only to the grass weeds
C. increase the volume of herbicide required to treat an area
D. Work well due to the size difference between shrubs and weedy grasses

A

9

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

What is the minimum amount of CONVEG T/O Herbicide spray solution needed to broadcast treat 3/4 acre of densely growing torpedograss that is 10 inches tall?
A. 3.75 gallons
B. 36 ounces
C. 15 gallons
D. 30 gallons

C (dense 20 GPA spray)

10

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

(True or False)
CONVEG T/O Herbicide is a translocated herbicide.

True

11

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Which nontarget organism are a concern when applying CONVEG T/O Herbicide?
A. Norway maple
B. Bees
C. Birds
D. Fish

D

12

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Which of the following could you tank-mix with CONVEG T/O Herbicide?
A. 2,4-D herbicide
B. Liquid fertilizer
C. Drift retardant
D. None of the above

D

13

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

Long-term management of annual grasses with CONVEG T/O Herbicide requires:
A. Stopping seed production
B. Killing all the green vegetation
C. Inhibiting photosynthesis
D. Killing the roots to prevent resprouting

A

14

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

What is the concern with over-the-top applications of CONVEG T/O Herbicide to ornamental dogwoods (which are not listed on the label)?
A. Residue levels
B. Tolerance levels
C. Plant damage
D. All of the above

C

15

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

How much fluazifop-P-butyl is in a 2.5 gallon container of CONVEG T/O Herbicide?
A. 0.13 pound
B. 0.4 pound
C. 2.5 pounds
D. 7.7 pounds

C

16

This question relates to the CONVEG T/O label on pages 46-48 in your Turf and Ornamental Weed Management Principles study manual.

You want to control perennial grasses in an ornamental stand of trees. The treatment area is listed below. What is the maximum amount CONVEG T/O Herbicide of you can broadcast to control 6 inch tall quackgrass?

Treatment area: rectangle 45' x 86' + a half-circle with 20' radius.

A. 2.8 ounces
B. 4.9 ounces
C. 5.6 ounces
D. 85 ounces

B

17

Weeds compete with landscape plants and turf for which of the following?
A. Organic matter, light, and caroteins
B. Proteins, water, chlorophyll
C. Nutrients, light, and water
D. All of the above

C

18

Which of the following is considered a violation of pesticide law?
A. Spraying a pest not listed on the label
B. Using a greater dilution rate than the label states
C. Applying to a site not listed on the label
D. Using an application rate lower than listed on the label

C

19

Which of the following is only characteristic of grasses?
A. Woody tissue
B. Net-like veins in leaves
C. Fine, branching roots
D. Biennial life cycle

C

20

Which of the following is the most common way weedy species invade urban landscapes?
A. They move with contaminated equipment, seed, and mulch
B. They move with insects
C. They move with rivers and streams
D. They move with wildlife

A

21

Perennial weeds are the most persistent and difficult to control because:
A. They live for more than two years and may live almost indefinitely
B. Most perennials reproduce vegetatively as well as by seed
C. Effective control usually requires distruction of underground plant parts
D. All of the above

D

22

Destroying the top growth of perennial weeds on a one-time basis normally kills the plant if:
A. Conducted in the seedling stage
B. Conducted before root tubers are formed
C. Conducted just prior to flowering
D. All of the above

A

23

(True or False)
Mowing height can have a significant impact on the health and vigor of turf grasses, as well as their ability to withstand competition from weeds.

True

24

Brand-X is a nonselective herbicide. Which of the following weeds will it control?
A. Mustards
B. Quackgrass
C. Sedges
D. All of the above

D

25

Residual herbicides:
A. Are most effective in dry soils
B. Need soil moisture to be effective
C. Are only formulated as granular products
D. Break down most readily by photodegradation

B

26

Which of the following is a structural reason some plants are tolerant of herbicides?
A. Wax layer on leaves
B. Chitin later on leaves and stems
C. Exoskeleton
D. Spiracles under leaves

A

27

Which of the following is not a chemical or application factor that affects the susceptibility of one group of plants to certain herbicides?
A. Addition of a adjuvants
B. Application rate
C. Product formulation
D. Leaf angle or size

D

28

Growth regulators or phenoxy compounds have caused major problems due to offtarget movement. Which of the following contain phenoxy-type herbicides?
A. Atrazine, simazine, Basagran
B. Banvel, MCPA, MCPP, Turflon
C. Casoron, Treflan, Gallery, Surflan
D. Diquat

B

29

Why do some soil-applied herbicides require higher rates of application than other types?
A. Photodegradation
B. Chemical degradation
C. Soil absorption
D. Leaching

C

30

A weed that is resistant to atrazine, a triazine herbicide, would most likely be resistant to which herbicide below?
A. Diquat
B. Glyphosate
C. 2,4-D
D. Simazine

D

31

Which of the following is susceptible to 2,4-D drift?
A. Kentucky bluegrass
B. Roses
C. Pampas grass
D. Fescue

B

32

What nozzle would you avoid using with emulsifiable concentrate formulations?
A. Stainless steel
B. Nylon
C. Ceramic
D. Aluminum

B

33

Calibrate the following backpack sprayer: The calibration area is 20' x 25'. You use 60 ounces of spray to cover the calibration area. What is the sprayer output per 1000 sq ft?
A. 60 ounces per 1000 sq ft
B. 120 ounces per 1000 sq ft
C. 20.4 gallons per acre
D. 40.8 gallons per acre

B

34

The label application rate is 1 quart of product per acre. You need to treat 30,000 sq ft with this product. How much product do you need?
A. 22 ounces
B. 11.0 pints
C. 1.45 ounces
D. 2.76 pints

A

35

Escaped plants are:
A. Plants not native to an area and introduced by humans, animal movement, water movement, or by other unintentional means.
B. Plants intentionally introduced by humans as crops, forage, or ornamentals, and have subsequently spread beyond their intended areas.
C. Natural to their current area.
D. Plants that have at one time been endangered species, but are now coming back through careful management practices.

B

36

(True or False)
Long-term control of annual weed species requires stopping seed production.

True

37

(True or False)
There are many different types of biennial grasses or sedges.

False (there are no biennial grasses or sedges)

38

Bentizone and Diquat are:
A. Contact herbicides
B. Translocated herbicides
C. Used only for control of grasses
D. Residual herbicides

A

39

2,4-D, MCPA, glyphosate, and dicamba are:
A. Contact herbicides
B. Translocated herbicides
C. Only used to control annual weeds
D. Residual herbicides

B

40

(True or False)
Seedling and root inhibition herbicides (soil applied) are referred to as "residual herbicides."

True

41

(True or False)
Residual herbicides are applied to the soil, and as long as good coverage is achieved that herbicide will be effective in dry and moist soils.

False (residual herbicides require soil moisture to be affective)

42

Long term residual herbicides:
A. Are active for 3 to 6 months
B. Have the potential to remain active for greater than one year.
C. Are typically active for 3 to 5 years.
D. Are generally active for more than five years.

B

43

(True or False)
2,4-D, MCPA, and MCPP are examples of Phenoxy Acetic Acids and function as growth regulators.

True

44

Treflan, Balan, and Surflan are:
A. Growth regulators
B. Seedling growth inhibitors
C. Contact herbicides
D. Photosynthesis inhibitors

B

45

(True or False)
The more actively a weed is growing, the easier it is to control with herbicides.

True

46

(True or False)
The vegetative stage of a weed is the most susceptible to herbicide control.

False (seedlings are the easiest to control)

47

(True or False)
Particles smaller than 150 microns present of the greatest drift hazard.

True

48

To clean a tank used for herbicides:
A. Flush the spray tank, lines, and booms thoroughly with clean water and apply the pesticide-contaminated rinsate to labeled sites or use rinsate in subsequent spray batches.
B. Fill the sprayer to capacity with water, adding one cup of trisodium phosphate or household ammonia for each 10 gallons of water.
C. Wash the tank and pump parts thoroughly by running the sprayer for about five minutes with the nozzles closed.
D. If possible, let the cleaning solution stand in the sprayer overnight.
E. Discharge cleaning solution, spraying some through the nozzles; drain the sprayer completely and remove the nozzles, screens, and strainers; scrub all accessible parts with a stiff bristle brush; and rinse thoroughly with clean water and reassemble.
F. All of the above.
G. None of the above.

F

49

(True or False)
Soil pH often influences the rate of chemical breakdown.

True

50

(True or Valse)
It is unadvisable to incorporate volatile herbicides into the soil by overhead irrigation, rain, or mechanical incorporation because this may increase the volatilization.

False

51

Which nozzle pattern is best for post emergence applications?
A. Cone
B. Solid stream
C. Flood
D. Flat-fan

D