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Flashcards in Posterior Body Wall Deck (91)
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1

kehrs sign

ruptured spleen

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kidney

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suprarenal gland

endocrine organ

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secretions of suprarenal gland

cortisol
aldosterone
androgens
epinephrine
norepinephrine

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location of suprarenal gland

primary retroperitoneal
superior pole of kidney
-between kidney and crura of diaphragm

separrated fro kidney by thin septum

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shape of right suprarenal gland

pyramidal shaped

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shape of left suprarenal gland

crescent shaped

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cortex of suprarenal gland

production of sterods
-glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids

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medulla of suprarenal gland

postganglionic sympathetic nurons

secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine

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arterial supply of suprarenal gland

superior - inferior phrenic a
middle- aorta
inferior - renal a

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venous drainage of suprarenal gland

suprarenal vein

right directly to IVC
left joined by inferior phrenic vein before draining to IVC

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lymph drainage of suprarenal glands

to lumbar lymph nodes

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function of diaphragm

respiration
contraction - decreases intrathoracic pressure and increases intraabdominal pressure

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features of diaphragm

superior convex, inferior concave
-right and left domes

can reach 5th rib during expiration

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structure of diaphragm

3 leaves - right, left, central (form central tendon)
-attached to pericardium via pericardiacphrenic ligament

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sternal portion of diaphragm

small anterior portion
-attaches to xiphoid process to central tendon

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costal portion of diaphragm

largest lateral portion
-internal surfaces of ribs 7-12 to central tendon

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lumbar portion of diaphragm

right crus - to LV1-LV3
left crus - to LV1-LV2

right crus forms esophageal hiatus
left is smaller and blends with the right crus

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median arcuate ligament

tendinous arch between left and right crura
-forms aortic hiatus

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level of aortic hiatus

TV12

formed between right and left crus and is bound by the median arcuate ligament