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Nutrition Final Exam New Material > Poultry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poultry Deck (34):
1

Genetics/Selection farms

Primary breeders

2

Reproduction farms

Breeders and hatchery

3

Bottom of the pyramid

Production farms

4

How long does the whole process of broiler production take?

6-7 weeks

5

Feeding costs are _____ of the total operation costs

2/3

6

What supplies energy to poultry?

Grains, grain by-products, animal and vegetable fats

7

Poultry have a limited ability to digest _____

Fiber

8

Grain is _____% of the total ration

50-80%

9

What is the most important cereal in poultry feeds?

Corn

10

Limits of incorporation are 10-15%

Oats and barley

11

No more than 5-10% should be used in diet

Fats

12

What are the most relevant AAs in poultry feed?

Arginine, glycine, lysine, methionine, tryptophan

13

What are sources of protein for poultry?

Soybean, canola, blood, and fish meals

14

Particularly important for laying hens

Calcium

15

Normally supplied in the form of premixes included in pelleted diets

Vitamins and minerals

16

Have more nutrients per volume of feed

Pelleted feed

17

Can young animals be fed pelleted diets?

No

18

Reduce wasting

Pellets

19

System that uses specific feeds to meet the changing requirements of poultry throughout their productive life

Phase feeding

20

Starter rations for layers are presented in the form of _____

Mash

21

Ration with 15% CP for weeks 6-14

Grower ration

22

Ration with 12% CP for weeks 14-20

Developer ration

23

Ration with 14.5% CP for weeks 20-80

Laying ration

24

Usually given to laying hens to help decrease the occurrence of wet droppings

Lower salt

25

What is the first limiting amino acid in laying hens that should be supplemented?

Methionine

26

3-6 weeks and contains 20-22% CP

Broiler grower diet

27

Week 6-market and contains 18-20% CP

Broiler finisher diet

28

What are the major differences between feeding a chicken and feeding a turkey?

Protein levels and vitamin composition are different

29

Do turkeys need higher or lower protein content than chickens?

Higher

30

_____ turkeys are normally grown to a later age than _____

Males, females

31

_____ turkeys have higher protein requirements

Male

32

As turkeys become older, energy levels _____ and protein levels _____

Increase, decrease

33

Rations for ducks and geese are pattered after _____ diets

Broiler

34

Ducks and geese require a higher % of _____ than chickens

Niacin