Poverty and Pauperism Flashcards Preview

History Britain > Poverty and Pauperism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism Deck (16)
Loading flashcards...
1

What was the Speenhamland system?

A system whereby the rate of outdoor relief is set at the price of a loaf of bread and number of children

2

When was the Speenhamland system introduced?

1795

3

What influential book was published by Samuel Smiles in 1859 and what did it advocate?

Self Help advocated the importance of people's own abilities to help themselves rather than rely on state help

4

When were the Corn Laws introduced?

1815

5

What was the purpose of the Corn Laws?

The Corn Laws were designed to protect British farmers from foreign competition.

6

When were the Corn Laws repealed (completely)?

1846

7

Under whose ministry were the Corn Laws repealed?

Robert Peel

8

How did the Corn Laws work?

The law prohibited the importation of foreign corn until the price of domestic corn reached 10 shillings a bushel.

9

Why did the working classes oppose the Corn Laws?

Raised the price of bread the staple food of the poor

10

What did the government set up in 1832 to look at the issue of poor relief?

A Royal Commission

11

When was the Poor Law Amendment Act passed?

1834

12

What is a parish?

An area served by a parish church that was responsible for poor relief

13

Give 3 reasons why the Poor Law Amendment Act was introduced.

Cost to the local ratepayer, attitudes towards the poor were changing, problems with the speenhamland system, ineffective parish system, variation in geographical areas, people had to be sent back to the parish of their birth

14

What was the Roundsman system?

sold the Labour of paupers to local farmers or other employers at a reduced cost

15

When was the Act to Amend the Laws for Relief of the Poor?

1819

16

What did the Act to Amend the Laws for Relief of the Poor do?

-created parish committees, elected by rate payers, who had the power to scrutinise relief giving and recommend the level of provision
- as a result, the creating of the committees tightened up the qualification for relief