Poverty and Pauperism: The Impact and Effectiveness of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Poverty and Pauperism: The Impact and Effectiveness of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism: The Impact and Effectiveness of the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 Deck (17):
1

What did the Poor Law Amendment change about parishes?

It grouped them together, from 150,000 to 600 bigger groups

2

What happened to outdoor relief after 1834?

It was stopped for the able bodied

3

What was established as the basis of the workhouse system?

The concept of less eligibility

4

When were the 'money or blood' riots in Kent, and what were they over?

1835, Outdoor relief

5

In what year was outdoor relief reintroduced by the Poor Law Commission to an extent?

1838

6

What were the workhouse conditions?

Crowded, segregated (according to gender and age), tiring and unrewarding work, healthcare available

7

Charles Dickens published Oliver Twist in what year?

1837

8

Thomas Carlyle's 'Past & Present' is published, calling workhouses 'Poor Law prisons' in what year?

1843

9

Opposition to the Poor Law in the North came because of it's irrelevance, because they had a _____ system of work?

Cyclical

10

Where was the workhouse system well established by 1836?

The South

11

Which Tory radical reformers resisted the New Poor Law and published articles attempting to provoke action from the public?

Richard Oastler and Michael Sadler

12

After what year did a trade depression settle in the North?

1837

13

Where were there riots concerning the Poor Law in the late 30s?

East Anglia (1835)
Bradford (1837)
Dewsbury and Todmordon (1838)

14

What happened in Huddersfield in 1837 which led to the reintroduction of outdoor relief?

The Board of Guardians refused to elect an administrator- they wanted outdoor relief under their control

15

The Tories objected to reform because...

Of the centralised nature and partisanship of the new system

16

Which newspaper ran a series of headlines opposing the new legislation?

The Times

17

William Cobbett argued that the Poor Law...

Betrayed the unspoken agreement between rich and poor that one would support the other at times of need