Poverty and Pauperism: The Old Poor Law and Pressure for Change Flashcards Preview

Britain, c1785-c1870: democracy, protest and reform > Poverty and Pauperism: The Old Poor Law and Pressure for Change > Flashcards

Flashcards in Poverty and Pauperism: The Old Poor Law and Pressure for Change Deck (13):
1

When was the Old Poor Law introduced?

1601

2

When were Poor Houses introduced?

1723

3

In 1776 how many Poor Houses were there?

Over 2000 (with 20-50 occupants each)

4

What did Gilbert's Act, 1782, do?

Made Poor Houses exclusive to elderly and orphans

5

Why was the publication of Jeremy Bentham's 'An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation', in 1789, significant?

It introduced the concept of Utilitarianism, greatest happiness for the greatest number, and an egalitarian idea (each counts for one)

6

When was the Speedlenham System introduced and what did it do?

1795, it designated outdoor relief based on the number of children a family had- encouraged laziness and large families

7

What was the size of the population of the UK by 1801?

9 million

8

What percentage of the UK was claiming poor relief by 1803?

10% in the North, 23% in the South

9

In 1815 how much of Britain's GNP was spent on poor relief?

2%

10

In 1817 what Act was passed?

The Poor Employment Act

11

When was the Act for the Regulation of Parish Vestries passed?

1818

12

In 1832 the Royal Commission is sent out- what were the responses?

Only 1,500 of 15,000 parishes responded

13

Who determined who the deserving and undeserving poor were?

Overseers. They could often be biased towards or against individuals within their parish