Flashcards in Power & Conflict Context Deck (15):
Shelley was a Romantic poet:
-Romanticism was a movement that had a big influence on art and literature in the 1700s and 1800s
-Romantic poets believed in emotion rather than reason, tried to capture intense experiences in their work and particularly focused on the power of nature
Ozymandias (Political views)
-Shelley disliked monarchies, absolute power and the oppression of ordinary people
-His radical and political views were inspired by the events of the French Revolution, where the monarchy was overthrown
London ('Songs of Innocence and Experience')
-Blake wrote and illustrated two volumes of poetry which explored the state of the human soul
-'Songs of Innocence' are positive poems which focus on childhood, nature and love
-'Songs of Experience' look at how that innocence is lost, and how society has been corrupted. London is part of this volume
The Prelude (Romanticism)
Wordsworth explores the connection between nature and human emotion, and the way human identity and character is shaped by experience
My Last Duchess (Duke Alfonso II of Ferrara)
In 1561, the Duke of Ferrara's wife died in suspicious circumstances and it was rumoured that she was poisoned. Hearing about this event probably inspired Browning to write this poem
Charge of the Light Brigade (Crimean War)
-The poem describes a disastrous battle between British cavalry and Russian forces during the Crimean War
-A misunderstanding meant that the Light Brigade were to advance into a valley surrounded by enemy soldiers
-The Light Brigade were virtually defenceless again the enemy, and many of them were killed
Exposure (The poet)
-Wilfred Owen was a soldier during WWI
-He wrote Exposure during the bitter winter of 1917-18 from the trenches
-He was later killed in battle
Storm on the Island (N. Ireland)
-The first 8 letters of the poem spell 'Stormont'. This was the name given to Northern Ireland's parliament buildings.
-This hints that the 'storm' could be about some of the violent political disturbances that Ireland has experienced, e.g. between Catholics and Protestants, or Irish Republicans wanting independence from Britain
Bayonet Charge (WWI)
-The poem is set during WWI
-It describes a soldier's point of view when other soldiers ran towards the enemy lines, carrying bayonets.
-These charges usually resulted in heavy casualities
-Based on an real account of British soldier who served in Iraq. There are graphic details of man being shot whilst he's running away from a bank raid and how this triggered his PTSD
The setting of the poem is ambiguous, as there are suggestions that it's a modern conflict, but also frequent links to the past and memory.
War Photographer ('Napalm Girl' photo)
The imagery in line 12 seems to reference a famous photo by a war photographer. He took a photo of a 9 year old Vietnamese girl during the Vietnam War. The photo shows a girl running towards a camera because her village was hit by a napalm bomb.
The Emigree (Emigration)
The poem is based on modern examples of emigration, where people have to flee their homes because of war, tyranny, corruption and dictratorship
-Kamikaze pilots were specially trained Japanese pilots, who were used towards the end of World War Two. They flew their planes on suicide missions into enemy's ships - it was seen as a great honour to serve your country in this way.
-It becomes clear that the pilot in the poem turns around and didn't complete his mission - his daughter remembers how he was shunned when he got home, and how his family acted as if he wasn't there