Pre and Probiotics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pre and Probiotics Deck (16):
1

How much bacteria cells can you find in a gram of faeces?

1 x 10^11

2

What is a probiotic?

A probiotic is a LIVE microvial feed supplement which BENEFICIALLY affects the HOSt animal by IMPROVING its intestinal balance.

3

According to Canada's nautral health products regulations which is probiotics limited to?

non-pathogenic microorganisms.
ex. Lactobacillus acidophilus

4

Most popular probiotics?

Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lb. reuteri.
A few NON-LAB are obligate anaerobes such as: Bifidobacterium bifidum, B. longum, and B.infantis

5

Why do you need two cultures to make yogurt?

1 to break down proteins and provide AA
2. Flavor: Acetylaldhyde, acetic acid diacetyl
1. Lactobacillus delbueckii subsp. bulgaricus
2. Streptococcus thermophilus

6

Minimum level for a claim of probiotic must be?

1.0 x 10^9 CFU

7

What type of probiotic is Saccharomyces boulardii

Yeast

8

SISU kiddie acidophilus is probiotics for kids.. is this safe?

ONLY if the kid is healthy.

9

What does NHPR have to consider when it comes to safety and probiotics?

Know the antibiotic reistance profile, production of antibiotics, pathogenic potential, and metabolic activities- if D-lactate is produced or if bile salt decongjugase activity is presnt. Which decreaes blood cholesterol.

10

Efficacy ( chances it'll produce a product that will make an effect) considerations for probiotics and NHPR?

1. Minimum daily dose
2. acid and bile stability
3. adhesion characterization ( not required)
4. Impact of diet on probiotic bacteria.

11

What is a prebiotic?

NON-digestible food ingredient that beneficially afffects the host by selectively stimulating the growth and activity of the bacteria in the colon.

12

What should prebiotics be?

- Resist gastric acitiy, hydrolysis
- Be fermented by intetstinal microflora
- Stiumlate growth and activity of intestinal bacteria.

13

What are some examples of prebiotics

Inulin, lactulose, transgalacto-oligosaccharide.

14

what is symbiotic?

Contains both pre and probiotics which the prebiotic selectively favors the probiotic. Helps probiotic colonize the gut.

15

What are the benefits of a probiotic?

- Increased reistance to disease
- Decrased duration of diarrhea
- reduction in blood pressure
- reduction to allergy
- stiumulation of phagocytosis
- regression of tumor

16

Health benifits of symbiotic?

normalized intestinal microbiota, control irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disae, and release nutrients.
- Stiumulate immune response.