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Flashcards in preformationism Deck (40):
1

PREFORMATIONISM

FOR CENTURIES, PEOPLE LOOKED ON CHILDREN AS FULLY FORM MINIATURE ADULT, AND WORK ALONG SIDE ADULT DOING SIMILAR JOBS

2

LOCKE THEORY

CHILD'S MIND IS A BLANK SLATE/ AND WHATEVER COMES INTO THE MIND COMES FOR IN ENTER ENVIRONMENT.

3

GESELL THEORY

CHILD'S DEVELOPMENT IS DIRECTED FROM WITHIN, BY THE ACTION OF GENES. THIS PROCESS IS MATURATION.

4

PIAGETS THEORY

 

A COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT THEORIST. HE IDENITIFED 4 STAGES OF CONGITIVE DEVELOPMENT  

 

5

KOHLBERG THEORY

FOCUSED ON MORAL DEVELOPMENT/ AND PROVIDED A STATE THEORY OF MORAL THINKING THAT GOES WELL BEYOND PIAGET'S INITAL FORMULATIONS

6

WERNER THEORY(ON PHYSIOGNOMIC PRECEPTION)

7

MONTESSORI THEORY

 CONCEPT OF SENSITIVE PERIOD. CHILD IS EAGER AND ABLE TO MASTER CERTAIN  TASK.

8

BOWLBY AND AINSWORTH THEORY

PRINCIPLES OF ATTACHMENT; WHEN MOTHER OR CAREGIVERS ARE RESPONSIVE TO THEIR CHILDREN'S CRIES AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS GESTURE, THE CHILDREN DEVELOP WELL.

9

POVOLV THEORY

CLASSICAL CONDITIONING/SALIVATION IN DOGS BASED ON THE GIVEN STIMULUS.

10

SHORT ANSWER: WHAT IS PREFORMATIONISM? GIVE EXAMPLE.

PEOPLE SEEM TO HAVE LOOKED ON CHILDREN AS FULLY FORMED MINIATURE ADULT. AND CHILDREN WERE SENT TO WORK AT AGES 6-7

11

WHAT IS THE BASIC DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE VIEW OF LOCKE AND ROUSSEAU ON HOW CHILDREN DEVELOP?

LOCKE SAID THAT CHILDREN ARE EMPTY CONTAINERS THAT ARE FILLED BY ADULT TEACHING/ ROUSSEA CHILDREN ARE NOT EMPTY/ OR BLANK SLATE, BUT HAVE THEIR OWN THINKING, DUE TO NATURE'S PLAN.

12

WHAT DID ROUSSEAU BELIEVE THE MAJOR PROBLEM OF THE MODERN INDIVIDUAL IS? WHAT WAS HIS GOAL FOR EDUCATION

WE SHOULD ALLOW THEM TO PERFECT THEIR OWN CAPACITES AND LET THEM LERN IN THEIR OWN WAY AS NATUTE INTEND.

13

WHAT DID GESELL MEAN BY "MATURATION?

IS DIRECTED FROM WITHIN BY THE ACTION OF GENES

14

WHAT WAS GESELL's PHILOSOPHY OF CHILD-REARING/ WAHT WAS HIS ADVISE TO PARENTS IN THE CASE OF INFANT FEEDING OR SLEEP?

THE INFANT IS FED WHEN HE IS HUNGRY; HE IS ALLOWED TO SLEEP WHEM HE IS SLEEPY/ LET NATURE TAKES IS COURSE NO PARENTAL INVOLVEMENT

15

WHAT IS THE NAME OF PIAGET'S SECOND OF SENSORI-MOTOR DEVELOP?

STAGE 2. PRIMARY CIRCULAR REACTION. APPROX (1 TO 4 MONTHS)

16

WHAT IS THE MAJOR ACHIEVEMENT OF THIS STAGE OF STAGE 2 / GIVE EXAMPLE

COORDINATING TWO BODY MOVEMENTS ( SEPERATE BODY SCHEMES) (2) EXAMPLE; WHEN A CHILD WANTS TO SUCK ON HIS HAND, HE CHASE AFTER IT.

17

STAGE 3. SECONDARY CIRCULAR REACATION. APPOX(4 TO 8 MONTHS) MAIN ACHEIVEMENT

MAKING INTERESTING EVENTS LAST./ EXAMPLE; REPEATING FUN ACTION

18

STAGE 4. THE COORDINATION OF SECONDAY SCHEMAS/ APPROX.( 8 TO 12 MONTHS) MAIN ACHEIVEMENT/

OVERCOMING OBSTACLES, MEANS/ ENDS EXAMPLE; REMOVE HANDS THAT IS BLOKCING THE TOY, THEN REACH FOR THE TOY.

19

STAGE 5. TERTIARY CIRCULAR REACTION APPOX. (12 TO 18 MONTHS) MAIN ACHEIVEMENT

ACTIVE EXPERIENCE/ EXAMPLE; DOING DIFFERENT THING TO HAVE DIFFERENT RESUL; DROPPING KEY FROM DIFFERENT HEIGHT.

20

STAGE 6 THE BEGINNING OF THOUGHT. APPOX 18-24 MONTHS. MAIN ACHEIVEMEN;

DEFER IMITATION: USE SYMBOLS; PHYSICAL/ MOTOR SYMBOLS/ EXAMPLE OPENING BOX WHILE HAVING MOUTH OPENED.

21

PIAGET'S THEORY ON EGOCENTRISM?

UNABLE TO SEE FROM OTHERS, POINT VIEW/ EXAMPLE /FIVE YEAR OLD GIRL; GIVES HER BROTHER A TIARA FOR HIS BIRTHDAY,

22

PIAGET'S TERM: "CONSVERSATION"

SOMETHING STAYS THE SAME IN QUANTITY EVEN THOUGH ITS APPEARANCE CHANGES/ REGARDLESS OF THE REDISTRIBUTION IT DOES AFFECT ITS MASS NOR VOLUME/ EXAMPLE USE

23

ANIMISM

REALIZING NOT EVERYTHING'S ALIVE/ EXAMPLE ROCK FALLING DOWM FORM A MOUNATIN

24

PIAGET'S PREOPERATIONAL THOUGH ( 2 to 7 YRS)

CHILDREN ARE NOT ABLE TO USE LOGIC; EXAMPLE/CHILD LACKS CONSERVATION WHEN IT COME TO MASS AND VOLUME. THE SAME AMOUNT OF WATER REARRANGE  BOWL/ BOTTLE CHILD  UNABLE TO TELL THE DIFFERENCE.

 

 

25

PIAGET MORAL JUDGMENT BASED ON CONSEQUENCES

CHILDREN BELIEVE THAT RULES ARE FSEIXED AND UNCHANGEABLE,/ EXAMPLE RULE ARE FROM GOD AND IF CHANGE THEN THE GAME IS NOT REAL

26

PIAGET CONCRETE OPERATIONS (7 to 11 yrs)

 

SENSE OF CONSERVATION, MORE LOGICAL THOUGHT/ CHILD HAS TWO PIECES OF STRING THAT ARE THE SAME LENGHTH AND ?

27

PIAGET FORMAL OPERATION (11 years on)

CAPABLE TO SLOVE MENTAL TASK, AND ABSTRAC THINKING; EXAMPLE; IF HAVE A THIRD EYE WHERE WOULD YOU PUT. NOT NEED FOR A THIRD EYE TWO IS PERFECT.

28

PIAGET'S THEORY WHAT IS THE PROCESS OR FORCE BY WHICH A CHILD DEVELOPS NEW CONGNITIVE STRUCTURE(AND MOVES FORM STAGE TO STAGE? GIVE EXAMPLE

  THROUGH INTERESTING AND CONFLICTING PIECES OF INFORMATION  CHILDREN  DEVELOP NEW  COGNITIVE STRUCTURES.  EXAMPLE 

29

   

KOHLBERG'S FOURTH STAGE OF MORAL JUDGMENT AND GIVE EXAMPLE

 

 

 

     STAGE 4. MAINTAINING SOCAL ORDER.

     EXPHASIS IS ON OBEYING LAWS AND RESPECTING AUTHORITY, EXAMPLE THEY COULD NOT CONDONE THEFT. 

 

 

30

 

     WHAT DID WARNER MEAN BY' physiog prection"? HOW DID THE LECTURE USE THIS CONCEPT TO CRITIZES PIAGET.

 

 

     THE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF A FACE AND FACIAL EXPRESSION TO  JUDGE MENTAL ABILITIES SUCH AS EMOTION/ EXAMPLE A BRAND NEW CAR LOOKS ALERT. PIAGET WAS WRONG WHEN HE SAID THIS PERCEPTION ONLY HAPPEN WITH KIDS ONLY, BUT  ADULT THESE PERCEPTION   SUCH AS MUSICIAN AND INDIGIOUS PEOPLE.EXAMPLE DRUM TALK AND TREES HAVE LIFE

31

 

      WHAT DID MONTESSOR MEAN BY "SENSITIVE PERIOD"? GIVE TWO EXAMPLE

 

 

 

 

 

 

       BETWEEN 1 TO 2 YRS CHILDREN FIX ATENTION ON MINUTE DETAILS/  EXAMPLE (1) THEY DETECT SMALL INSECT THAT ESCAPE OUR NOTICE (2)  BETWEEN 18 MONTHS TO 3; CHILD REFINE  THEIR MOVEMENT AND SENSE OT TOUCH;EXAMPLE  A CHILD TOUCHING STUFF ANIMAL AND PLAYING WITH KEYS WOULD HELP THEM TO DEVELOP SKILLS IN READING AND WRITING,

 

 

 

 

 

32

 

         DEFINE INTRINIC AND EXTRINSIC MOTIVES FOR LEARNING AND GIVE TWO EXAMPLES     

 

 

 

        INTRINIC LEARNING IS DOING A PARTICULAR TASK WITH SOME SENSE OF ENJOYMENT AND EXTRINSIC MOTIVES IS DOING SOMETHING THAT SOCIETY REQUIRE ME TO DO/LEARNING IS NECESSARY TO HAVING A GOOD JOB  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

33

 

         WHAT IS ETHOLOGY:?     

 

 

          THE STUDY OF ANIMALS

 

 

 

 

 

34

 

         GIVE AND EXAMPLE OF THE SPECIFIC RELEASING STIMULS IN ANIMAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

        WHEN  THE  CHICKS MOTHER HEAR HER CHICKS IN DISTRESS SHE WILL RESPOND TO HELP THEM 

 

 

 

 

 

 

35

 

       BRIEFTLY DESCRIBE BOWLBY'S THEORY ON THE WHY INFANTS AND TODDLERS SEEM TO BE SO DESPERATE TO STAY NEAR CARETAKERS.

 

 

 

 

 

 THE REASON WHY TODDLER CRAVE FOR ATTACHMEN IT IS A MEHANICISM  FOR SERVIVAL.

 

 

 

36

 

         GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF THE SEPECIFIC 

37

 

      DEFINE IMPRINTING. WHY DID BOWLBY BELIEVE THERE IS IMPRINTING IN HUMAN?

 

 

 

 

 

 

             WHEN INFORMATION IS FILLED IN      DURING AN EARLY CRITICAL PERIOD THIS IS CALLED IMPRINTING,  BOWLBY BELIEVE THAT IN HUMANS BABY ARE ATTACH TO PARENTS EARLY BECAUSE IT HELPS THE CHILD TO SERVIVE  FROM BEING HARM. 

 

 

 

 

 

38

39

 

    DISCRIBE AINSWORTH' PATTERN OF ATTACHMENT. GIVE AN EXAMPLE OF EACH

 

40

 

      ROUSSEAU THEORY;