Prentice Ch. 12 - On field acute care and emergency procedures Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prentice Ch. 12 - On field acute care and emergency procedures Deck (21):
1

Life-Threatening Conditions

airway obstruction
no breathing
no circulation
profuse bleeding
shock

2

Football helmet/pad removal recommendation

current recommendation is to leave the helmet and shoulder pads in place

3

football helmet and chip strap removal only if...

1. helmet and chin strap do not hold the head securely and immobilizing the helmet does not immobilize the head
2. the design of the helmet and chinstrap is such that , even after removal of the face mask, airway cannot be controlled or ventilation provided
3. facemark cannot be removed after a reasonable period of time
4. helmet prevents the athlete from being immobilized appropriately for transportation.

4

remove neither or both

helmet and shoulder pads

5

measurement of OPA

distance from the corner of the mouth to the earlobe

6

measurement of NPA

distance from the nostril to the same side earlobe

7

don't use an NPA if they have

a head trauma

8

normal O2 intake

21 percent o2

9

during rescue breathing person inhales

16% o2 but valve/bag mask provides 21%

10

hypovolemic shock

- trauma where there is blood loss
- decreased blood volume causes a decrease in blood pressure

11

respiratory shock

- occurs when lungs are unable to supply enough o2 to the circulating blood

12

neurogenic shock

caused by general dilation of blood vessels within the CV system

13

psychogenic shock

fainting (syncope) caused by a temporary dilation of blood vessels that reduces the normal amount of blood in the brain

14

cardiogenic shock

inability of the hart to pump enough blood to the body

15

septic shock

occurs from a severe, usually bacterial infetion

16

anaphylactic shock

results of a severe allergic reaction caused by foods, insect stings, or drugs

17

metabolic shock

happens when a severe illness such as diabetes, goes untreated

18

sings of shock

blood pressure is low
systolic pressure is usually below 90mmHg
pulse is rapid and weak
patient may be drowsy and appear sluggish
respiration is shallow and extremely rapid
skin is pale cool and clammy

19

Management of shock

1. maintain body temperature
2. elevate feet and legs 8 to 12 inches (unless neck injury)
for head injury the head and shoulders elevated; for leg fracture the legs should be kept level and should be raised after splinting

20

AVPU

alert
verbal
pain
unresponsive

21

ACDU

alert
confused
drowsy
unresponsive