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Flashcards in Presidents Deck (42):
1

WASHINGTON

1779-1797 #FF
• C-I-C Cont’tl Army during REVOLUTIONARY WAR
o Brits out of Boston & Crossed Delaware, Got NJ
• Drafted Constitution
• Cabinet System, Inaug Address
• Federalist, supported Hamilton taxes
• 6’3”, Powdered Hair, First on Stamp, Dogs Tater True love Sweet lips

2

ADAMS

1797-1801 #FF #VP
• Boston Lawyer, Represented Boston Massacre Brit Soldiers
• Assisted JEFFY in Declaration of INDEPENDENCE BOTH DIED ON THAT DAY
• Federalist, hated Hammy, but signed weird Alien & Sedition Acts
• Quasi-War, Peaceful Resolution in France, XYZ
• 1st to live in white house “Thomas Jefferson Survives"

3

JEFFERSON

1801-1809 #FF #VP
• PRINCIPAL AUTHOR OF DEC O’ INDY
• Diplomat, Minister of France, Wartime Gov of Vgna
• Formed Dem-Rep Party with MADISON
• Tried to nullify Adams’s weird laws, opposed Hammy taxes
• Revolution of 1800-Pro France: Jeffy and Burr (failed tril) vs Pro brit adams
• Oversaw acquisition of Louisiana Terr, Sent Louis & Clark
• DOUBLED US
• FOUNDED UVA
• Banned Slaves but owned and fucked em

4

MADISON

1809-1817 #FF #SoS
• FATHER OF CONSTITUTION
• AUTHOR OF BILL OF RIGHTS, RATIFY THAT SHIT
• BOTH vps died
• Federalist Papers w/Hammy & John Jay, then hated Ham
• LED IN WAR OF 1812, ENOUGH OF BRITS!
• 3/5 Slave Law
• Shortest

5

MONROE

#FFlast#SoS
• Fought in Rev War, Wounded
• Studied Law under Jeff
• AGAINST radifying constitution, anti-federalist
• Gov of Virginia
• Bougth Florida from Spain
• Monroe Doctorine—Europe, leave N&S America Alone!
• Developed Colony in Africa for Free African Americans Liberia-Monroia
• HOLDING FLAG IN DELAWARE PAINTING
• FIRST DAUGHTER MARRIED IN WHITE HOUSE
•first princeton grad student

6

John Quincy Adam

1825-1829
•SoS under Monroe
•GREAT diplomat, GREAT SoS
•Negotiated Treaty of Ghent & 1812 stuff
•MODERNIZATION & PAID OFF DEBT
•Enemies in congress (won election against Jackson w/out enough votes for either)
•Predicted Civil War
•Only one to serve in House AFTER!!!

7

Andrew Jackson

1829-1837
•Old Hickory, Sharp Knife, Hero NOLA
•Helped found TENNESSEE
•Military, won battle of NOLA and lots 1812 wins
•Supporters became DEMOCRATIC PARTY
•HATED CLAY & WHIGS
•Indian Removal Act--TRAIL OF TEARS
1/8 not college educated

8

Martin Van Buren

1837-1841
•VP & SoS under Jackson
•Dutch, ESL, 1st from AMERICA
•Strained relations w/GB over Canadian shit
•Lost reeleciton, tried to run again-free soil-lost
•OK!

9

William Henry Harrison

1841
•Shortest. Pneumonia
•Gramps of Ben Harrison
•TIPPECANOE FOR TYLER TOO
•BATTLE OF THAMES
•OH rep, Minister to Colombia-bolivar
•PET GOAT

10

John Tyler

1841-1845
•His Accidency--Whigs expelled him
•Hated Clay
•Manifest Destiny
•Authorized annex of Texas, Polk did it
•Peace with China and GB
•2nd wife--HAIL TO THE CHIEF
•VIOLIN

11

James Polk

1845-1849
•SoH
•TENNESSEE GOV & REP
•Annex Texas
•WON MEX-AMER WAR
•"Least-known consequential prez"
•EARLIEST SURVIVING PICS
•SMITHSONIAN
•USNA
•Last strong pre-civil-war prez
•FIRST THANKSGIVING IN WH

12

Zachary Taylor

1849-1850
•MajGen in MEx-Amer War
•Capt in 1812
•OLD ROUGH AND READY
•Died from bad cherry snack on July 4
•Horse was Old Whitey

13

Millard Fillmore

1850-1853
•Last WHIG
•Only Whig not to die or get expelled
•LAST non rep or den prez
•ONLY Whig Supreme Ct Justice
•U OF BUFFALO
•MARRIED HIS TEACHER

14

Franklin Pierce

1853-1857
•Fugitive Slave & Kansas-Nebraska Acts annulled Missouri Comp & Set stage for Civil War
•Sen & Rep New Hamp
•Young American
•All Kids died, wife sick
•Died of cirrhosis of the liver
•FIRST XMAS TREE, har 1st official
•LAW BOOK NOT BIBLE TO SWEAR IN

15

James Buchanan

1857-1861
•ONLY BACHELOR
•ONLY PREZ FROM PENN (sen & rep)SoS
•DOUGHFACE
•DRED SCOTT
•WORST: FAILURE TO DEAL W/SUCCESSION

16

Abraham Lincoln

1861-1865
•Modernized Econ
•Emancipation Proc
•13th Ammend-outlawed slavery
•Split logs, riverboat, surveyor, postmaster, self-taught lawyer
•WRESTLED AND WON AGAINST ARMSTRONG

17

Andrew Johnson

1865-1869
•Restoration w/out protection of slaves
•Impeached and acquitted
•Against 14th amendment which restored citizenship to African Amer
•ONLY FORMER PREZ TO JOIN SENATE AFTER
•DRUNK DURING SPEECH

18

Ulysses S. Grant

1869-1877
•As Gen, won Civil War, MexAmer, Battle of Shiloh
•Lots of corruption and failed annex of DR
•Destroyed KKK
•15th Ammend--VOTING RIGHTS FOR BLACKS
•Afr Amer elected to congress
•Tried for 3rd term and lost
•HIRAM ULYSSES GRANT--S IS A WEST POINT BOOBOO
•YELLOWSTONE
•SOLD CIVIL WAR MEMOIRS TO PAY OFF DEBT

19

Rutherford B. Hayes

1877-1881
•Fought in Civil War
•Ohio Rep & Gov
•RESTORED FAITH IN PRESIDENCY
•Social Reform
•1st WH Telephone #1
•1st WH Easter Egg Hunt
•Banned Alcohol from White House

20

James Garfield

1881-1881
•OH Moreland Hills REP
•Controversial--did stuff w/out senate
•Bi-Metal $
•CIVIL RIGHTS
•2/4 assassinated by charlie Gateau (died of blood poisoning
•oNLY SITTING REP TO BE ELECTED PREZ
•AMBIDEXTROUS

21

Chester Arthur

1881-1885
•PENDELTON CIVIL STRUCTURE REFORM: appointments based on MERIT
•Collector of Port of NY
•Sharp dresser
"No duty neglected, no project alarmed the nation"
"It would be hard to better his presidency" Mark twain

22

Grover Cleveland

1885-89, 1893-97
•2 separate terms
•FOUGHT corruption
•2nd term ruined by depression
•Lady Liberty during his first term
•Married youngest 1st lady, ONLY PREZ MARRIED IN WHITE HOUSE

23

Benjamin Harrison

1889-93
•Grandson of Harrison
•Civil War Col
•Created NATIONAL FORESTS
•Passed Sherman Antitrust protecting ppl from high prices
•Front porch--ran from Indiana
•FIRST ELECTRICITY IN WHITE HOUSE

24

William McKinley

1897-1901
•Last Civil War serving prez
•WON SPAN-AMER WAR, got Guam, Puerto Rico, and Philipines
•Rapid Economic Growth
•Assassinated 6 months into 2nd term by Czolgosz

25

Theodore Roosevelt

1901-1909
•Founder of Progressive Party(later Bull Moose)
•Founded Rough Riders Span-Amer War
•"SPEAK SOFTLY CARRY A BIG STICK"
•"SQUARE DEAL"
•YOUNGEST AT 42
•MT. RUSHMORE
•Wife and mother died same day, same house
•Panama Canal
•OVER 40 PETS
•Nobel Peace Prize

26

William Howard Taft

1909-1913
•ONLY PREZ & CHIEF JUSTICE
•AZ & NM became States
•1st Opening Pitch
•FATTEST
•Pet cow
•1/3 Skull & Bonesmen from Yale
•Passed 16th Ammend-congress tax
•Dollar Diplomacy

27

Woodrow Wilson

1913-1921
•Huge Legislative Package
•WORLD WAR I--tried to form league of nations (won nobel peace) and versailles-congress nix
•19th ammendmnet- suffrage
•FLAG DAY
•DYSLEXIC
•SHEEP
•ONLY PREZ WITH PHD
•Prez of Princeton

28

Warren G. Harding

1921-1923
•OH
•Corruption
•Poker Player--LOST WH CHINA
•Teapot Dome
•8-hr workday
•collapsed and died
•BIGGEST FEET 14
•GAMALIEL

29

Calvin Coolidge

1923-1929
•Restored confidence in WH
•Supported BIG BIZ-laissez-faire
•VASELINE HEAD
•RACCOON and mechanical horse

30

Herbert Hoover

1929-1933
•Sec of Commerce--most recent sec elected
•1/2 w/ Taft no experience or military exp
•He and Kennedy donated salaries
•Spoke Chinese
•"Chicken in every pot..."

31

FDR

1933-1945
•Elected 4 times
•New Deal
•Pearl Harbor and Internment
•Happy Days are Here Again
•1st Nuclear Bomb
•"The President's Mystery" inspired movie

32

Harry S. Truman

1945-1953
•Failed Haberdasher
•COLD WAR
•THE BUCK STOPS HERE
•Helped form UN, NATO
•Dropped atomic bomb on Japan
•Truman Doctrine to stop communism, Soviet Expansion
•MO senator

33

Dwight D. Eisenhower

1953-61
•5 star general WWII
•SUPREME COMMANDER
•New Look
•Est. NASA
•Alaska & Hawaii
•Last Prez born in 19th cent
•Prez of Columbia
•Golf Hall of Fame
•Renamed Shangri-La Camp David

34

JFK

1961-3
•Beat Nixon-1st TELEVISED DEBATE
•WWII hero
•Bay of Pigs, Cuban Miss, Space Race
•Civil Rights
•Peace Corps
•Assassinated 1963 Nov 22
•2nd youngest after Teddy Roosevelt

35

LBJ

1963-9
•1 of 4 who served both exec jobs and congress
•Great Society
•War on Poverty, Voting Rights Act, Immigration
•Escalated involvement in Vietnam--gulf on Tolkin--allowed war stuff without calling it war stuff

36

Nixon

1969-74
•Navy, CA Rep & Sen
•1st increased, then ended US inv w/Vietnam
•Normalized relations with China
•Initiated detante SU
•Landing of Apollo 11 & Skylab
•Resigned
•Pardoned by Ford after Watergate
•BOWLING ALLEY
•TRICKY DICKY--POKER FUNDED CAMPAIGN

37

Jimmy Carter

1977-81
•GA Sen & Gov
•Peanut Farmer
•Lived in Projects
•Nobel Peace-Carter Center
•Camp David Accord, SALT II, Iran Hostage, 1979 Energy Crisis, Boycott Olympics, Panama Canal Returned

38

Ronald Reagan

1981-1989
•CA Gov
•Pres of SAG, GE Spokesman
•Reaganomics-decrease taxes and spending, deregulation
•Invaded Grenada
•Iran-Contra, Ending of Cold War, Dissolution of SU, INF Treaty w/Gorbachev
•Morning in America
•Ass. attempt by Hinkley
•Switched Parties, Supported Goldwater vs LBJ
•Jelly Belly Blueberry created for him

39

George H.W. Bush

1989-1993
•VP, TX Sen, CIA Director, Amb. to China
•Beat Dukakis
•Oldest living Prez and VP
•Youngest aviator in Navy in WWII
•Last living WWII prez
•1/2 father/son presidents
•Desert Storm protecting oil-rich Kuwait from Iraq

40

Bill Clinton

1993-2001
•AK Gov (Country's Youngest) and AG
•NAFTA (w/Canada and Mexico)
•3rd youngest prez
•1st Baby Boomer Prez
•1st Dem reelected since FDR
•2x Grammy Winner
•Impeached for perjury

41

W

2001-9
•TX Gov
•War on Iraq, Afghanistan
•AIDS, PATRIOT Act, No Child Left Behind, Anti-Same sex & Partial Birth Abortia
•1/4 (w/Q, Hayes, and Ben Harrison) to lose popular vote
•HS Cheerleader

42

Obama

2009-now
•IL Sen
•ACA, Job Creation, Dodd-Frank, Repeal don't ask, New START (Arms reduct w/Russia replaced Moscow Treaty)
•Ended US involvement in Iraq but increased in Afghanistan
•Comic Book Nerd
•Nobel Prize (Carter (after office), Wilson, And Teddy Roosevelt)