Press and Reporting in the Crimea Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Press and Reporting in the Crimea Deck (49):
1

Which reporter gave an account of British patients at Scutari and compared the conditions unfavourably with French hospitals

Howard Russel

2

Who did Russell appeal to come out from England and tend to the wounded

'devoted women'

3

Which newspaper was seen as reputable

The Times

4

Who received sponsorship to go and photograph the war

Rodger Fenton

5

Historian Hibbert described Russell's reports as

'eagerly awaited by the entire literate population of London'

6

From what date was there a deliberate campaign by the Times to attack army leaders

28th November 1854

7

Who was the editor of the Times

John Delane

8

Who in the army was fiercely critical of the Times

Raglan

9

How many photographs did Fenton produce

400 useable ones

10

Where did Fenton's photos circulate

In newspapers but in some exhibitions in 1850s

11

Why did it matter that Fenton was sponsored

Had to fulfil sponsors wishes -

several photos were posed

had to make a profit

12

Who was William Simpson

a water-colour war painter

13

When did William Simpson arrive and leave the Crimea

November 1954

Stayed for 1 year

14

Who did William Simpson depict which contributed to their legend

Nightingale amongst the wounded in Scutari

15

How did the British receive reports from the war

Changes in transport and printing

Reports get back quickly via combination of ship and train

16

Why could it be argued Russell was fit to be a war correspondent

Served 2 years w guards brigade in Malta

17

What newspaper did Russell report for

The Times

18

What type of relationship did Russell have w officers

Good - although exploited some social occasions to learn info

19

What word describes Russell's reporting

Patriotic

20

Name X3 things Russell's reports contained

British's bravery and good humour

Depicted Russia's as savages

Hypothetic questions + emotive language

21

What was the name of Fenton's publisher?

Thomas Agnew

22

Fenton's images were to make points - what was one of his notorious images that would reassure the public?

Men in sheepskin coats

(even in April)

23

What were criticisms of Fenton's work

Mainly show officers - not rank and file

Concentrated on men not fighting or wounded

24

What time did Fenton spend in the Crimea?

March - June 1855

25

Who did Raglan order to write down the command "prevent army from carrying away guns"

General Airey

26

Who carried the note down to Lord Lucan?

Captain Nolan

27

Who attacked a well-prepared battery of Russian guns at the battle of Balaclava?

Cardigan

28

Which two officers were brothers in law not on speaking terms

Cardigan and Lucan

29

Who did Captain Nolan openly despise

Lucan and Cardigan

30

Who was the poet who wrote "The Charge of the Light Brigade"

Tennyson

31

Tennyson glorified soldiers bravery using words like ...

'noble'

32

Tennyson criticised human error w words like...

'blunder'

33

When was Russell's account of the charge published?

14th November 1854

34

When was Russell's account of the charge published?

14th November 1854

35

Readership of the Times prior to Crimean War

42,500

36

Readership of the Times 1yr into Crimean War

58,500

37

Readership of the Times 1yr into Crimean War

58,500

38

Which poet wrote "Santa Filamena" which praised Nightingale

Wadsworth (American)

39

What did Wadsworth's "Santa Filamena" poem praise Nightingale as an example of

'heroic womanhood'

40

What did Russell do which demonstrated admiration for Seacole

- wrote preface for her biography

- wrote articles to the Times praising her impact on troops

41

Who praise did Sir John Hall provide Seacole with

she provided "proper nourishment" for troops

he recognised she provided care that was only available otherwise in hospitals, where many men didn't want to go

42

Who praise did Sir John Hall provide Seacole with

she provided "proper nourishment" for troops

he recognised she provided care that was only available otherwise in hospitals, where many men didn't want to go

43

Who refused to speak to Russell

Raglan

44

Who was the 1st correspondent in Constantinople

Thomas Chenery

45

Who did Thomas Chenery work for?

The Times

46

What fund was set up in response to the work of Thomas Chenery?

Fund for the Relief of the Sick and Wounded by the Times

47

What did Chenery's reports provoke

public outcry
letters from public expressing shock
Isambard Kingdom Brunel sends prefabricated hospital

48

Russell on Seacole;

"always in attendance near the battlefield"

49

Nickname for Seacole as many men felt more at ease with her than going to hospital

"Mother Seacole"