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Flashcards in Pressure Groups Deck (16)
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1

How do Pressure Groups enhance Pluralism

Enhance democracy by dispersing power & influencing ideas of the ruling elite to further the interests of minorities.

2

Insider Pressure Groups

Work within parliament

3

Outsider Pressure Groups

Work outside parliament gaining influence instead through publicity

4

Other influences on Parliament?

Think Tanks, Corporations, Lobbyists & The Media

5

Promotional Pressure Groups & e.g.

Group who's objectives don't benefit them e.g. Amnesty International, Greenpeace

6

Interest Pressure Groups

Group who aim to protect/promote personal interests & goals.

7

How do Think Tanks influence Parliament?

Public Policy Research Organisation that influence & develop policy - privately funded

8

How do Lobbyists influence Parliament?

Corporations employ Lobbying firms who employ people as access points to target ministers & civil servants

9

3 Similarities with Political Parties

aim to make changes
have a large number of supporters
take donations

10

How do Corporations influence Parliament?

help develop legislation to their advantage

11

Specialist Insider-Groups

consults parliament when specialism is required

12

Reasons for Pressure Group Failure

Goals; contradict government policy/public opinion/alienates public

13

Differences with Political Parties

Pressure Groups;
don't aim to gain power
don't run for election
not accountable

14

Whats an 'access point'

an opportunity for pressure groups to influence government through an individual

15

Example of a Corporation & its affect on Parliament?

Ford - pressure government by threatening to relocate manufacturing plants in order to pass legislation that better works for the.m.

16

How can Pressure Groups use Courts to reach aims?

Prove it violates EU Law or the Human Rights Act 1998