Flashcards in Pretest Deck (18):
benign tiny white keratin plugs on nose, ceeks or chin
How to test for HIV in infants
do HIV PCR
ELISA will be falsely positive from mom's antibodies
What can formula dilution do to infants?
chronic hyponatremia --> hyponatremic seizures
benign self limited 1-2 mm pustules that result in hyperpigmented stage lasting for wks to months
ACEI in pregnancy is teratogenic can cause?
renal dysgensis, oligohydramnios
Seborrheic dermatitis common in newborn infant appearing as scaly, yellow patches assoc with hair loss. Treat with?
hematemesis or melena in newborn period should be initially evaluated with?
Apt-downey test to differentiate maternal and fetal hemoglobin
put alkali in blood and maternal blood will react to make hematin
Mom is O+ and infant is A+ or B+ or AB --> can result in
ABO hemolytic disease with positive coombs test
Conjunctivitis after 6-12 hrs of birth -->
Conjunctivitis after 2 d of birth -->
Conjunctivitis after 5-14 d of birth -->
Conjunctivitis after 6-12 hrs of birth --> chemosis
Conjunctivitis after 2 d of birth --> gonoccocal
Conjunctivitis after 5-14 d of birth --> chlamydial
How can propranolol cause problems during pregnancy and after delivery?
during preg, propranolol can cause growth retardation
during delivery, propranolol can diminish ability to increase HR and CO if infant has aphysia.
Someone with cleft lip and palate? Timeframe for fixing them? Complications of cleft lip and palate
cleft lip -repair within 2-3 mo
cleft palate -repair later btw 6 mo-5 yr
Comp: recurrent otitis media, hearing loss, speech defects
Phrenic nerve paralysis from upper brachial plexus injury can be confirmed with
ultrasound or fluoroscopy showing "seesaw" movements of diaphragm
Subgaleal hemorrhage should be suspected when
increase head circumference acutely and scalp feels squishy
Ex-premie now at 6 mo with macrocephaly and hydrocephalus usu 2/2 to which comp of prematurity
germinal matrix hemorrhage
subperiosteal hemorrhage aka
cephalohematomas (do not cross midline)
cephalohematomas vs caput succedaneum
cephalohematomas -do not cross midline, most resolve on its own
Caput succedaneum -soft tissue swelling of the scalp that crosses midline
Recurrent episodes of swelling of hands and feet after emotional stress and exercise -which hereditary condition?
hereditary angioedema AD due to inadequate C1 esterase inhibitor --> increase kinin --> edema in subcutaneous tissue in GI tract leading to abd pain and beware of laryngeal edema