Preventable Trauma OME Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics Board Review > Preventable Trauma OME > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preventable Trauma OME Deck (15):
1

epidural hematoma

rupture middle meningeal artery

-lucid interval
-lens shaped on CT

2

tx of epidural hematoma

urgent evacuation

lucid interval watch out for

3

subdural hematoma

tear of bridging beins

4

tx of subdural hematoma

crescent shape on CT
-evacuation

5

concussion grades

I - no LOC, no amnesia - back to play ok
II - LOC but NO amnesia - 1 week off
III - LOC and amnesia - 1 month off

6

punctate hemorrhage on CT

cerebral contusion

tx - manage ICP

7

salt water drowning

need PEEP - edema is worse

8

best water to drown in

cold freshwater

9

near drowning

survival
-or die after 24 hours from water exposure

10

1st degree burn

epidermis

11

2nd degree burn

epidermis and dermis

blister

12

3rd degree burn

full thickness

white and painless

13

parkland formula

determine IVF requirement for burn pt

%BSA x kg x 4 = maintenance fluid

50% in 8 hours - next 50% over 16 hours

14

maintenance fluid in kids

0-10 kg - 100cc/kg
10-20 kg - 50cc/kg
-20+ kg - 20cc/kg

15

rule of 9s

calculate 2nd and 3rd degree burn surface area

head - 18
front thorax - 18
back thorax - 18
arms - 9 each
legs - all together 27
genitals 1