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Flashcards in Preventative Care Strategies 1 Deck (38):
1

what economic risks do animal diseases cause?

productivity losses, market disruptions, livelihood risks

2

what human health risks do animal diseases cause?

pandemic disease, endemic disease, food-borne illnesses

3

zoonosis

infectious diseases transmitted from animals to humans

4

prevention of infectious disease

inhibiting the introduction or establishment of a disease into an area, herd, or individual

5

control

infectious disease is already present, and pertains to Containment of the disease

6

control efforts

quarantine (isolate), disinfection, culling of host and incineration

7

eradication of an infectious

involves complete elimination of the pathogen or the disease-causing agent from a defined geographical region

8

which is the only animal disease that has been eradicated?

rinderpest

9

what is the primary prevention of infectious diseases?

avoid occurrence of infectious disease

10

what is the secondary prevention of infectious diseases?

minimize resultant damage after disease has occurred

11

what is the tertiary prevention of infectious diseases?

rehabilitation

12

primary prevention

aimed at maintaining a healthy population, by adopting measures to avoid occurrence of disease either through eliminating the pathogen or increasing resistance to the pathogen

13

primary prevention health promotion

education, training, awareness, good hygiene, nutrition, epigenetics

14

primary prevention specific protection

immunization, seroprophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis, specific nutrients/supplementation, protection against occupational hazards

15

secondary prevention

defined as action which halts the progress of a disease at its incipient/early stage and prevents complications

16

what prevention relies on early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and control such as quarantine?

secondary prevention

17

what prevention is intervention at individual level, but prevent spread of diseases to other individuals in a community?

secondary prevention

18

tertiary prevention

consists of rehabilitation, elimination of long-term impairment

19

farm biosecurity

biosecurity on a farm comprises all measures taken to minimize the risk of the introduction and the spread of infectious agents

20

external biosecurity

measures taken to prevent an infectious disease from entering or leaving the farm

21

internal biosecurity

measures taken to combat spread of an infectious disease within the farm

22

adopt a closed herd system, avoid buying animals from outside

purchasing policy

23

reduce the number of new animals brought to the farm

purchasing policy

24

limit the number of farms or sources from where you are buying the animals

purchasing policy

25

determine the vaccination and health status of newly purchased animals and of herd of origin

purchasing policy

26

quarantine or keep newly arrived animals in isolation, away from main herd

purchasing policy

27

the quarantine period should be long enough and depend upon the incubation period of important infectious diseases

purchasing policy

28

use the quarantine period to test the animals for possible and important infectious diseases

purchasing policy

29

vaccinate, if necessary

purchasing policy

30

decontamination

process or treatment that renders a medical device, instrument, or environmental surface safe to handle

31

what are forms of decontamination?

sterilization, disinfection, antisepsis

32

sterilization

process that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life/pathogens, including highly resistant pathogens, such as bacteria with spores

33

disinfection

process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects

34

antisepsis

the application of a liquid antimicrobial chemical to skin or living tissue to inhibit or destroy microorganisms

35

sterilization methods

moist heat, dry heat, chemical methods, radiation, sterile filtration

36

PPE

personal protection equipment

37

sequence for putting on PPE?

gown, mask, protective eyewear or face shield, gloves

38

sequence for removing PPE

gloves, protective eyewear or face shield, gown, mask