Flashcards in Preventative Care Strategies 1 Deck (38):
what economic risks do animal diseases cause?
productivity losses, market disruptions, livelihood risks
what human health risks do animal diseases cause?
pandemic disease, endemic disease, food-borne illnesses
infectious diseases transmitted from animals to humans
prevention of infectious disease
inhibiting the introduction or establishment of a disease into an area, herd, or individual
infectious disease is already present, and pertains to Containment of the disease
quarantine (isolate), disinfection, culling of host and incineration
eradication of an infectious
involves complete elimination of the pathogen or the disease-causing agent from a defined geographical region
which is the only animal disease that has been eradicated?
what is the primary prevention of infectious diseases?
avoid occurrence of infectious disease
what is the secondary prevention of infectious diseases?
minimize resultant damage after disease has occurred
what is the tertiary prevention of infectious diseases?
aimed at maintaining a healthy population, by adopting measures to avoid occurrence of disease either through eliminating the pathogen or increasing resistance to the pathogen
primary prevention health promotion
education, training, awareness, good hygiene, nutrition, epigenetics
primary prevention specific protection
immunization, seroprophylaxis, chemoprophylaxis, specific nutrients/supplementation, protection against occupational hazards
defined as action which halts the progress of a disease at its incipient/early stage and prevents complications
what prevention relies on early diagnosis, prompt treatment, and control such as quarantine?
what prevention is intervention at individual level, but prevent spread of diseases to other individuals in a community?
consists of rehabilitation, elimination of long-term impairment
biosecurity on a farm comprises all measures taken to minimize the risk of the introduction and the spread of infectious agents
measures taken to prevent an infectious disease from entering or leaving the farm
measures taken to combat spread of an infectious disease within the farm
adopt a closed herd system, avoid buying animals from outside
reduce the number of new animals brought to the farm
limit the number of farms or sources from where you are buying the animals
determine the vaccination and health status of newly purchased animals and of herd of origin
quarantine or keep newly arrived animals in isolation, away from main herd
the quarantine period should be long enough and depend upon the incubation period of important infectious diseases
use the quarantine period to test the animals for possible and important infectious diseases
vaccinate, if necessary
process or treatment that renders a medical device, instrument, or environmental surface safe to handle
what are forms of decontamination?
sterilization, disinfection, antisepsis
process that destroys or eliminates all forms of microbial life/pathogens, including highly resistant pathogens, such as bacteria with spores
process that eliminates many or all pathogenic microorganisms, except bacterial spores, on inanimate objects
the application of a liquid antimicrobial chemical to skin or living tissue to inhibit or destroy microorganisms
moist heat, dry heat, chemical methods, radiation, sterile filtration
personal protection equipment
sequence for putting on PPE?
gown, mask, protective eyewear or face shield, gloves