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Flashcards in Preventative teaching Deck (2):
1

A nurse is teaching a class on human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention. Which activity should be cautioned against since it is shown to increase the risk of HIV?

A: Engaging in unprotected sexual encounters

B: Physical touch of a person w/AIDS

C: Donation of blood to the state agencies

D: Use of public bathrooms in any city

A: Engaging in unprotected sex

Because HIV is spread through exposure to bodily fluids, unprotected intercourse and shared drug paraphernalia remain the highest risks for this infection. The other actions are not at risk behaviors for HIV.

2

A nurse is teaching adolescents about sexually transmitted diseases. What should the nurse emphasize is the most common infection?

A: HIV
B: Gonorrhea
C: Herpes
D: Chlamydia

D: Chlamydia

Chlamydia is the most frequently reported bacterial sexually transmitted disease in the United States. Prevention is similar to safe sex practices taught to prevent any sexually transmitted disease, such as abstinence, and the use of a condom and spermicide for protection during intercourse. This infection has subtle findings so the infected persons are less likely to pursue medical attention.