Preventing injuries from all-terrain vehicles Flashcards Preview

CPS Statements > Preventing injuries from all-terrain vehicles > Flashcards

Flashcards in Preventing injuries from all-terrain vehicles Deck (22):
1

What is an all terrain vehicle?

Four-wheeled, motorized vehicles with large, low-pressure tires, designed for a single operator riding in off-road areas.

2

What are the new Canadian ATV industry voluntary recommendations regarding standards?

Y-6+ models designed for children >6yo factory set max speed 16kph and can be adjusted to max speed 24kph

Y-10+ models designed for riders aged >10yo, factory set max speed 24kph and can be adjusted to reach max speed 48kph

Y-12+ models designed for riders aged >12yo, factory set max speed 24kph and can be adjusted to reach max speed 48kph

"T" models designed for riders aged >14yo, factory set max speed 32kph and can be adjusted to reach max speed 61kph

3

What is included on the warning labels for all youth-model vehicles as per manufacturer's standards?

1. Age limit for use

2. Need for mandatory adult supervision

3. Warning that operation of that vehicle by children under the designated age limit increases their "risk of severe injury or death"

4

What factors increase the risk and severity of ATV related injuries among children and youth?

1. Male

2. Carrying or being a passenger

3. Inexperience

4. Inadequate physical size and strength

5. Immature motor and cognitive development

5

How much did the risk of injury from ATV use reduce when a driving a youth model with an engine size <90cc compared to operating an adult-sized vehicle with engine size >200cc?

18%

6

What is the risk for a child or teen operating a youth-model ATV compared to an adult on a larger machine?

Twice as high

7

What is the risk of injury to a youth using a smaller machine compared to an adult on a machine of the same size?

Five times as high

8

What are the CPS recommendations regarding operation of an ATV?

1. Children and youth younger than 16 years of age should not operate an ATV. The lack of evidence that youth models reduce the risk of injury means this recommendation must apply to all vehicle sizes, including youth models.

2. For youth operators who are at least 16 years of age, as well as adults, the following recommendations are made:
a) ATV operators should wear a government-certified helmet, eye protection, and protective clothing and footwear at all times.
b) Operators of ATVs designed for single riders should never take on passengers.
c) ATV drivers should not operate a vehicle after drinking alcohol or when potentially impaired by other substances.
d) ATV drivers should complete an approved training course. Training should have both theoretical and practical components and include mandatory testing to pass the course. Post course evaluations should be instituted to ensure that training courses are producing safer riders.

3. Provinces and territories must harmonize and pass effective off-road vehicle legislation that mandates:
a) a minimum operator age of at least 16 years,
b) restricting passengers to the number for which the vehicle was designed,
c) compulsory helmet use with no exemptions, and
d) training courses, licensing and registration.

4. In regions where ATVs provide one of the only means of transportation, such as Canada’s remote and isolated communities, local education programs that convey their potential dangers to children and youth and that promote safer riding behaviours are essential.

5. Community-based programs should include prohibiting ATV use as a form of recreation by children and youth.

9

What are the CPS recommendations for the ATV industry?

1. ATV manufacturers improve vehicle design and operating standards to address the large margin for driver error. Until the safety record is significantly improved for older youth and adult operators, consideration cannot be given to permit the marketing of any ATV model to youth under the age of 16.

2. ATV manufacturers be governed by mandatory and stringent product safety regulations and monitored by the federal government. More specifically, while the Canadian Paediatric Society does not support the use of youth-model ATVs by anyone under the age of 16, the fact that these vehicles are being marketed for use by children must make them subject to federal product safety regulations and monitoring, as for other children’s products.

10

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for BC?

1. No minimum operating age on private or public land

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. No mandatory helmet use

11

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Alberta?

1. No age restriction on private land

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. No mandatory helmet use

4. Children <14yo require adult supervision when driving on public property

12

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Saskatchewan?

1. No age restrictions on private land owned by an immediate family member

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use on public land only

4. Minimum age 12 years of age to drive on public property, with adult supervision or safety training required for those under the age of 16.

13

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Manitoba?

1. Children <14yo require adult supervision on private and public lands

2. Mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

14

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Ontario?

1. No age restrictions on private land owned by the vehicle's registered owner

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use on public land only

4. Children <12yo require adult supervision when driving on public property

15

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Quebec?

1. Minimum 16yo for adult sized ATVs

2. Mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

4. Children <16yo can operate "youth model" ATVs as specified by the manufacturer

16

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for New Brunswick?

1. Children <16yo can only drive "age appropriate" models, as specified by the manufacturer, and require adult supervision at all times, children <14yo can only drive on closed courses

2. Mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

17

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Nova Scotia?

1. Children <16yo require adults supervision at all times; children <14yo can only drive on "age appropriate" models on closed courses

2. Mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

18

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Prince Edward Island?

1. Minimum age 14yo with adults supervision at all times for ages 14-15yo

2. Mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

19

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Newfoundland and Labrador?

1. Minimum 16yo for adult size ATV

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

4. Minimum age 14yo for "youth model" ATVs with adult supervision required for 14-15yo

20

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Yukon?

No territorial ATV legislation

21

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Northwest Territories?

1. Minimum 14yo to drive ATVs on highways

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

22

What is the current provincial/territorial ATV legislation for Nunavut?

1. Minimum 14yo to drive ATVs on highways

2. No mandatory safety training for children <16yo

3. Mandatory helmet use

Decks in CPS Statements Class (223):