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Flashcards in Principles 8 Deck (26)
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1

Federal Reserve Bank System

Was created by Congress in 1913 to serve as the central bank of the United States.

2

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

Was created by Congress in 1933 to insure individual accounts in participating banks and (as of 1989) savings and loan associations, currently up to $250,000 per depositor, per insured bank, for each ownership category.

3

Home affordable refinance program (HARP)

-introduce March 2009, and later extended through September 30, 2017.
-it’s for borrowers with little or no equity in their home
-Allows a borrower to refinance their mortgage with no new or additional mortgage insurance

4

Promissory note

-Is the borrower’s promise to pay the amount borrowed
-is evidence of the debt
-It establishes the underlying obligation of the loan transaction.

5

Security instrument

Is used to identify the real estate that serves as assurance that the loan will be repaid.

6

Hypothecation

The real property will be forfeited to the holder of the security instrument if the underlying debt is not paid.

7

Usury

Is the charging of an exorbitant amount or rate of interest and is the subject of both state and federal law.

8

Pledge

Possession of the pledges property is turned over to the lender until the debt is paid.

9

Balloon payment

An installment that is at least twice the amount of the smallest installment.

10

Joint and several liability

If one co-signer defaults in payment on the note, the note holder can demand full payment from any other co-signer.

11

Mortgage

-security instrument
-an instrument by which property is hypothecated to secure the payment of a debt or an obligation.

12

Redemption period

A period following the sale during which the judgement debtor or the judgement debtor’s successor in interest can buy back the property.

13

Deed of trust (trust deed)

Is an instrument by which real property is hypothecated to secure payment of a debt or an obligation.

14

Difference between mortgage vs. a trust deed?

There is no right of redemption following a trustee’s sale.

15

Unlawful detainer

Is the legal action which the court orders the sheriff to evict the present occupant.

16

Unruh Civil Rights Act

Covers contracts for goods and services.

17

Construction loan

-Aka interim loan
-made to finance building construction or other improvements to land.
-a short-term temporary loan used until permanent financing is available

18

Uniform residential loan application

Typically is used to qualify a prospective borrower purchasing a single-family residence.

19

Office of thrift supervision (OTS)

Regulates the savings and loan industry.

20

Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA)

Oversees the federal Home Loan Banks, which lend funds to member institutions.

21

Judicial foreclosure of a mortgage is?

A longer process than a trustee’s sale, and there is no right of redemption following the trustee’s sale.

22

Institutional lenders

- include thrifts, commercial banks, mutual savings banks, credit unions, and insurance companies.

23

Noninstitutional lenders

- include mortgage companies, and private individuals

24

Money is?

A medium of exchange as well as a measure of value

25

FDIC

Federal agency that insures savings accounts

26

Judicial foreclosure

Proceeding in which a mortgage, a trustee, or another lienholder on property requests a court-supervised sale of the property to cover the unpaid balance of a delinquent debt.