Flashcards in Problem areas boards Deck (23)
Decreased adrenocortical function
Hyperpigmentation, hypoglycemia, anemia, decreased sodium, bp, and potassium
Excessive exposure to corticosteroids
Hyperglycemia, polycythemia, protein wasting, moon faces, buffalo hump etc.
Phosphate vs Acetate Corticosteroids
Phosphate - Short acting, clear, water soluble
Acetate - Long acting, white, insoluble
Should be reserved for damaged joints only.
Age that marcaine is restricted in children?
Restricted in children under the age of 12
Induction agents known to cause malignant hyperthermia?
Isoflurane, Desflurane, succinylcholine, sevoflurane
Use of Rocuronium and Succynylcholine in anesthesia?
Both are muscle relaxants!
Shape of vertical talus bottom of foot?
Forefoot is abducted and there is dorsiflexion of the forefoot on the rearfoot
What muscle groups are tight for vertical talus?
Tendo achilles and anterior muscle group
Talar movement is imposible
What structures are tightened in vertical talus deformities?
Anterior muscle group
Posterior ankle and subtalar capsule
What structures are stretched with vertical talus?
Tibialis posterior, FDL, FDB
This congenital deformity has a hypoplastic talaer neck that develops an abnormal facet
Subtalar facets are abnormal because of the weird talocalcaneal articulation.
Anterior facet doesnt exist, middle facet is hypoplastic, and the posterior facet is malformed.
Eyre Brook test
Lateral plantarflexion in vertical talus to determine how reducible a procedure is.
Casting position for vertical talus?
Forefoot in adduction
Knee flexed at 90
Key is lining up the TN joint
If correction occurs correctly, patient will have an equinovarus deformity.
First bone to ossify before birth?
Last bone to ossify before birth
Last tarsal bone to ossify after birth
Navicular at 3.5 years
What age does the calcaneal apophysis appear?
What age do the sesamoids appear?
Age for osgood schlatters disease?
11-15 years of age
Boys in ages 3-6 years
Tillaux fracture vs Triplane fracture
Tillaux is lateral 1/2 of tib epiphysis. AITFL avulsion
Triplane is a combination of SH II and III with second fracture line through the epiphysis
Salter harris 6
bruising of peripheral growth plate by blunt trauma