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Flashcards in Problems Deck (26):
1

Hydrocephalus

CSF is not drained --> build up of fluid in the ventricles.
Baby -> drain out with catheter since skull not fused
Adult --> increases in fluid and pressure leading to hematomas

2

Epidural hematoma

Build of of blood b/w dura mater and the skull
Compresses brain tissue
Originates from meningeal arteries

3

Subdural hematoma

Build up of blood b/w dura mater and arachnoid

4

Omphalocele

During development that gut is too big for the body so it pushes the gut into body stalk -> failure to bring it back into the body when it is big enough

5

Achondroplastic dwarf

Long bones stop growing
Everything else is fine
Dom mutant allele

6

Osteoporosis

Loss of bone mineralisation

7

Simple bone fracture

Bone does NOT protude from skins

8

Compound bone fracture

Bone DOES protude from skin

9

Osteomalacia

Failure to minerilise bone early in life

10

How to heal a bone fracture

Immobilise early
Allign well
Extensively remodel over month

11

Callus

Lump that forms around a fracture

12

Rheumatoid arthiritis

Autoimmune attack on joint
Attacks the synovial membrane

13

Neuropathic arthopathy

Loss of pain and perioceptor nerves in the fibrous capsule of joints

14

Avulsion rupture

Bone breaks away from ligament -> takes some bone with it too

15

Type 1 ligament injury

Min. disruption of fibres

16

Type 2 ligament injury

50% disruption of fibres

17

Type 3 ligament injury

completely ruptured ligament

18

athroplasty

Replacing a diseased joint with a prosthesis

19

Effusion

Sinovial membrane has too much liquid

20

Septic arthritis

Bugs are found within the sinovial membrane due to a penetrating injury

21

Haemarthrosis

Bleeding in the sinovial cavity due to a tearing of the synovial membrane

22

Type 1 Muscle injury

No loss of function

23

Type 2 muscle injury

Some loss of function but not complete

24

Type 3 muscle injury

Pain and complete loss of function

25

Thrombus

Fibrinous clot that forms and obstructs blood vessels

26

Embolus

Mass/detached clot that travels through the blood stream
Usually in calf and taken to lungs