Pronouns Flashcards Preview

English - General Terminology > Pronouns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pronouns Deck (35):
0

When are pronouns used?

Replace nouns, noun phrases or noun clauses

1

Subject pronouns

-type of personal pronoun
-used when clear who the sentence is referring to (person doing the action)

2

What are the different "persons" in general?

1st p, s
2nd p, s
3rd p, s
1st p, p
2nd p, p
3rd p, p

3

What are the "persons" used for subject pronouns
(In order)

I
You
He/She/It
We
You
They

4

Object pronouns

-type of personal pronoun
-used when pronoun replaces the nouns receiving the action (made the object)

5

What are the "persons" used for object pronouns
(In order)

Me
You
Him/Her/It
Us
You
Them

6

Possessive pronouns

Show person's possession of something

7

What are the "persons" used for possessive pronouns
(In order)

Mine
Your's
His/Hers
Ours
Your's
Their's

8

Reflexive pronouns

-when the person is both receiving and doing the action (both the subject and the object)
-REFLECTS back to the person

9

What are reflexive pronouns similar to?
And what are the differences?

Intensive pronouns
With these the pronoun is not the object aswell, it just emphasises the pronoun/noun in the same sentence

10

What are the "persons" used in reflexive pronouns

Myself
Yourself
Himself/Herself/Itself
Ourselves
Yourselves
Themselves

11

Which types of pronoun use "persons"

Subject and object pronouns (personal pronouns)
Possessive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns

12

Demonstrative pronouns

-point to specific things
-this relates to how "close" something is to the speaker

13

Why are the four types of demonstrative pronoun

This
These
That
Those

14

Interrogative pronouns

Used to ask questions

15

Relative pronouns

-Directly follow nouns
-introduce relative clauses
(Sometimes the noun is omitted)

16

What are they types of interrogative pronouns

What
Which
Who
Whom
Whose

17

Types of relative pronouns

That
Which
Who
Whom
Whose

18

Interrogative pronouns are similar to

Relative pronouns

19

Types of indefinite pronouns

"Of" pronouns
Compound pronouns

20

Indefinite pronouns

-Less certain reference points
E.g. Refer to unidentified people, places, things or ideas

21

Types of "Of" pronouns

All of
Both of
Each of
Neither of
Some of

22

"Of" pronouns

-always followed by an object pronoun

23

Compound pronouns

Every
Some
Any
No
(All of the above plus with either the ending "thing", "one" or "body")
E.g. Nobody, everything

25

BEFORE YOU STATE WHETHER SOMETHING IS A PRONOUN OR DETERMINER LOOK TO SEE:

If there is a noun after it = determiner

If it replaces a noun = pronoun

26

Pronouns can have two different types of Cohesion. What are they?

Anaphoric Cohesion
Cataphoric Cohesion

27

What is cohesion?

Where the pronoun refers to something, either previously mentioned or post mentioned.

28

What is anaphoric cohesion?

Where the pronoun refers to something previously mention, refers "up" the page.

29

Example of anaphoric cohesion:

The goalkeeper initially caught the ball but then HE dropped it.

30

What is cataphoric cohesion?

Where the pronoun doesn't refer back to something previously mentioned, has the opposite effect of anaphoric cohesion. refers "down" the page.

31

Example of cataphoric cohesion:

HE caught the ball but then the goalie dropped it.

32

Which type of cohesion is more commonly used?

Anaphoric

33

Can you lack cohesion?

Yes

34

How can you lack cohesion?

When using a pronoun when pointing to something when it's obvious what you're talking about. It's obvious what the pronoun is referring to without cohesion.

35

When is a lack of cohesion more commonly used?

In spoken mode