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Module 2 - Grammar For TEFL > Pronouns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pronouns Deck (37)
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Personal Pronouns: represent people or things.
Please name the 2 different forms?
1. (?) personal pronouns, indicates that the personal pronoun is acting as the "subject of the verb"

2. (?) personal pronouns, used when the personal pronoun is an object of the verb. (Direct objects, indirect objects, objects of prepositions)

1. Subjective
"we brought a pound of apples"

2. Objective.
"Paul knows her" direct = her
"Paul gave them the letter" indirect = know
"Paul went with him" prep = with him

1

Pronouns: these are used in the same way as a noun, and _?_ them in sentences when a _?_ is not necessary.

A. Replace / gerund
B. Remove / verb
C. Replace / noun
D. Removes / container
E. Replaces / container

C. Replace / noun

2

Subjective Pronouns:
Replace the subject of a sentence.
Please name the 7 Subjective personal pronouns and commit to memory.

Object Pronouns:
Replace the object of the sentence.
Please name the 7 Object personal Pronouns and commit to memory.

Subject:
I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who

Object:
Me, you, him, her, it, us, them, whom

3

Possessive Pronouns:
Are used to indicate (?) or (?) owns something and replace the owner if the owner is known.

Like all pronouns they take the place of nouns in sentences.

Please name 7 Possessive Nouns.

Who or what (represents people or things)

Mine, Yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs

4

Mine, yours, his, hers, its, ours, theirs,
are 7 (?) pronouns.

A. Pronouns
B. Subject pronouns
C. Object pronouns
D. Possessive pronouns

D. Possessive pronouns

5

I, you, he, she, it, we, they, who

are the 7 _?_ pronouns

A. Pronouns
B. Subject pronouns
C. Object pronouns
D. Possessive pronouns

B. Subject pronouns

6

The term Possessive Pronoun covers Possessive adjectives and absolute possessive pronouns, (stand alone and do not modify nouns)

They include another 2 pronouns (?) and (its) - both from the possessive adjective

Whose and its (both from possessive adjectives)

7

Me, you, him, her, it, us, them, whom

Are the 7 _?_ Pronouns

A. Pronouns
B. Subject pronouns
C. Object pronouns
D. Possessive pronouns

C. Object Pronouns

8

Reflexive pronouns:
Are used with another noun or pronoun when something does something to itself, which means the _?_ and the _?_ are the same.

"John pinched himself"

Please name 8 reflexive pronouns

Subject / object

Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, themselves, yourselves

9

Indefinite Pronoun:
Refers to a non-specific (?) or (?). Used when unsure about the subject or object.

Please name the 6 and commit to memory

person / thing

Anyone, someone, anybody, somebody, nobody, something,

10

Demonstrative Pronouns:
Are used to replace specific people or things that have been previously mentioned or understood from context and whether it is replacing something singular or plural and whether is close by or far away.


Please name 2 singular and 2 plural

Singular:
This - close by
That - farther away

Plural:
These - close by
Those - farther away

11

Interrogative Pronouns:
Sometimes called "question words or (wh-words) as they are used to ask questions. These pronouns represent the "thing" that the question is about.

"Who won the race"

Please name the 5 and commit to memory.

Who, whom, whose, which, what

Also

Whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever.

12

Relative pronouns: introduces an adjective clause.

used to introduce a description for a noun and comes after the noun to identify it / tell us more information about it.

Please name 5 relative pronouns

That, which, who, whom, whose

The lady who made your dress is waiting outside
Noun = lady,
Relative pronoun = who
(which starts the adjective clause)

13

Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourselves and ourselves are used when the subject and object are the same. These are known as

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

B. Reflexive pronouns

14

Anyone, someone, anybody, somebody, nobody something are used when we are unsure as to the subject and object. They are all

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

D. Indefinite pronouns

15

Singular - this, that / plural - these, those

Are what type of pronouns

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

E. Demonstrative pronouns

16

Who, whom, whose, which, what

Are the question or "wh" words known as

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

C. Interrogative pronouns

17

that, which, who, whom, whose

Are all what type of pronouns

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

A. Relative pronouns

18

These are used when the subject and object are the same:

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

Reflexive pronouns

Myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, themselves, yourselves, ourselves

19

Used when we are unsure about the subject or object.

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

D. Indefinite pronouns

Anyone, someone, anybody, somebody, nobody, something

20

The "wh-words" that may also replace common phrases.

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

C. Interrogative pronouns

Who, what, where, when, why, which, whom

21

Used to introduce clauses that contain more information about the subject or object.

A. Relative pronouns
B. Reflexive pronouns
C. Interrogative pronouns
D. Indefinite pronouns
E. Demonstrative pronouns

A. Relative pronouns

That, which, who, whom, whose

22

Your choice of relative pronoun is determined by whether it refers to a person or thing. Your choices are.

A. Who/whom refer to people
B. Which refers to things
C. This/that refer to people or things
D. All are true

D. All are true

22

True or false.

An adjective clause starting with "that" is only used to identify a noun. You cannot use it to add information.

True

23

Mrs Higgins, who owns a pie shop, is waiting outside.

Mrs Higgins = (?)
Who = (?)
Adjective clause = (?)

Noun

Relative pronoun

Who owns a pie shop

24

Reciprocal pronouns:
A reciprocal pronoun express a mutual action or relationship.

Please name the 2 forms

Each other

One another

"Jack and Jill hate each other"

25

"each other or one another" - choose correct use

Jack and Jill hate ?

Each other

Rule Tip!
If the antecedent is two things, use "each other". If it's more than two, use "one another"

26

"each other or one another" - choose correct use

The crayfish started attacking ?

one another

27

"each other or one another" - choose correct use

The team players played their hearts out for ?

one another

28

"each other or one another" - choose correct use

They gave (?) presents.

each other