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Flashcards in Property Transactions Deck (20):

What is the basic calculation for basis in property?

Cost of property + Purchase expenses + Debt assumed + Back taxes and interest paid = Basis. Note: taxes and interest related to time when a taxpayer did not own the property are not deductible - they are added to basis.


What is the recipient or donee's basis on gifted property?

Sold at a gain: use donor's basis

Sold at a loss: use lesser of donor's basis or FMV at time of distribution

Sold in between donor's basis and FMV: No gain or loss


What is the basis and holding period of inherited property?

FMV at date of death or alternate valuation date (6 months later)

If alternate date is elected by property is sold before 6 month window; use FMV at date of death.

Property inherited is LTCG property regardless of how long it is held by the recipient.


What is the holding period on a stock dividend?

Holding period of new stock received from a dividend takes on the holding period of the original stock


What property is eligible for like-kind exchange treatment?

Real for real or personal for personal business property only

US property only


What is BOOT in a like-kind exchange?

Cash received + unlike property received + liability passed to other party


In a like-kind exchange; how is it handled if a netting of mortgages results in net boot paid?

DO NOT subtract the boot paid amount from the cash received

Ignore the boot paid amount from the mortgage completely


What is an involuntary conversion? When does it not result in a gain?

Occurs when you receive money for a property involuntarily converted

There is no gain if you reinvest the proceeds completely

If proceeds not completely reinvested; gain is LESSER of realized gain or amount not reinvested.


What are the requirements for exclusion of gain on a primary residence? How are losses treated?

Must live there 2 out of 5 years

Loss on sale of home is NOT deductible


What is a wash sale?

30 Day rule applies

Disallowed loss adds to basis of new stock

New stock takes on date of acquisition of old stock


Who is considered a related party in a property transaction? How does it affect the transaction?

Ancestors; siblings; spouse; descendants; corporation or partnership where you're a 50% shareholder

Seller cannot take a loss on sale to a related party; but gain is always recognized.

Related party gets to use the disallowed loss when they sell.

Related party's holding period begins when they acquire the property.

In-laws are NOT related parties.


How are capital losses taken in a corporation?

capital losses only offset capital gains

Carryback 3 years - if you elect NOT to carryback; you lost the option in the future

Carry forward 5 years - only as STCL


What assets are NOT capital assets?

Inventory; Business interest; Accounts Receivable; Covenant not to compete

Goodwill IS a capital asset


What are the steps in applying a capital gain or loss?

Net all STCG and STCL

Net all LTCG and LTCL

Add together

Deduct $3;000


How much ordinary income can be offset by an INDIVIDUAL's capital losses?

$3;000 per year. Unused is carried forward and taken $3;000 each year.

No carryback is allowed.


Which property is governed by section 1231?

Real or Personal Business Property held more than a year

Inventory is never 1231 Property


How are section 1231 gains and losses handled?

Casualty Losses on 1231 Property - Net the losses
* Net Loss = Ordinary Loss
* Net Gain = Combine with other 1231 Gains

1231 Net Loss - If 1231 Losses exceed gains; treat as Ordinary Loss

1231 Net Gain - If 1231 Gains exceed losses; treat at LTCG

1231 Gain = LTCG

1231 Loss = Ordinary Loss


How is section 1245 depreciation recapture handled; and when does it apply?

To the extent of depreciation; treat as ordinary gain
Remainder is 1231 gain; which is LTCG - There are no 1245 Losses

1231 Gain = LTCG
1245 Gain = Ordinary
Casualty Gain = LTCG

1231 Loss = Ordinary
1245 Loss = N/A
Casualty Loss = Ordinary


What property qualifies for section 1250 treatment; and how are gains/losses handled?

1250 property is Real Estate that is not 1231 Property
Use 1250 for Gain only. For losses; use 1231

Individuals: Post-1986 property with a gain is 1231 LTCG

If Straight Line depreciation is used; don't use 1250 - Entire gain is 1231

Corps: Section 291 requires 20% of depreciation classified as ordinary gain
Remainder is 1231 LTCG


When are 1231; 1245 and 1250 gains or losses always ordinary?

When the asset is held less than one year.