Flashcards in Prostate and Bladder Cancer Deck (27):
Is bladder cancer more common in males or females?
What are the two main types of uroepithelial tumours and how common are they?
What are the two types of transitional cell tumour?
Which type of transitional cell tumour has a stippled appearance?
What is the inferior portion of the prostate called and what is it continuous with?
witht he striated sphincter
What is the superior portion of the prostate called and what is it continuous with?
What is the prostatic urethra covered by?
Where is the verantanum?
just distal to urethral angle
What drain to each side of the prostatic urethra?
Which zone of the prostate is where most cancers occur?
Which zone of the prostate is where BPH occurs?
Which zone is cone shaped and surrounds the ejaculatory ducts?
What is the most common malignancy affecting men in the US?
Where is there the lowest incidence of prostate cancer?
Is prostate cancer more common in black people?
By how much does risk of prostate cancer increase with 1 first degree relative being affected?
By how much does risk of prostate cancer increase with 2 first degree relatives being affected?
How are most prostate cancers picked up?
testing of PSA and DRE
patients normally asymptomatic
What symptoms may occur with prostate cancer?
bone pain, anorexia, weight loss
lower urinary tract symptoms
What is PSA?
glycoprotein enzyme made by cells in prostate
increases with prostate cancer
What investigation can be done on men with an abdnormal DRE or high PSA?
transrectal US guided biopsy
What are most prostate cancers?
Where does prostate cancer metastasise to?
pelvic lymph nodes
What lesions tend to occur with prostate cancer?
What grades prostate cancer>
What is growth of prostate cancer cells under the influence of?
testosterone and dihydrotestoserone