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Flashcards in Protein - Final - Kailey Deck (36)
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1
Q

what is the RDA for protein in Sedentary individuals

A

0.8g/kg

2
Q

what is the RDA for protein for active individuals

A

0.8-1g/kg

3
Q

what is the RDA for protein for resistance training individuals

A

1.5-1.7g/kg

4
Q

what is the RDA for protein for endurance training individuals

A

1.2-1.4g/kg

5
Q

when should a person consume their RDA for protein if they are resistance training

A

less than 30 min after exercise

6
Q

when should a person consume their RDA for protein if they are endurance training

A

within 30 minutes after exercise and every 4 hours after for 12 hours after

7
Q

what is the AMDR for Protein

A

10-30%

8
Q

what type of vegetarian allows the consumption of milk?

A

Lactovegetarian

9
Q

what type of vegetarian allows the consumption of eggs

A

Ovo Vegetarian

10
Q

what type of vegetarian allows the consumption of dairy and eggs

A

lacto-ovo vegetarian

11
Q

what type of vegetarian allows the consumption of fish?

A

pesto vegetarian

12
Q

what type of vegetarian allows the consumption of poultry

A

semi-vegetarian

13
Q

What type of vegetarian allows for NO animal consumption

A

vegan

14
Q

what do vegetarians lack in their diet?

A

Vit D, B12, Iron, Zinc and Riboflavin

15
Q

what are the essential amino acids

A

PVT MT HILL

16
Q

What amino acids are Conditionally essential (if you are low in the essentials you have to worry if you are getting enough of these)

A

ACGGPT

17
Q

What types of food are examples of complete proteins? (have all the essentials)

A

Meat and Fish, Dairy, Soy, and Quinoa

18
Q

what types are foods are examples of Incomplete proteins?

A

Corn, Rice, legumes and Wheat

19
Q

What is corn missing?

A

Tryptophan and Lysine

20
Q

What is Rice Missing?

A

Lysine

21
Q

What is Wheat Missing?

A

Lysine

22
Q

What are Legumes Missing?

A

Methionine

23
Q

what are the functions of protein?

A
Transport
Enzyme Synthesis
Structure
Buffering in Cells
Fluid Balance
Cell Signalling
Synthesis of Immunoglobulins
24
Q

What is the recommendation for fluid balance?

A

1-1.5 ml/kcal

25
Q

What does a protein deficiency result in?

A

Kwashiorkor (distended abdomen)

26
Q

What does a Protein-Energy Deficiency result in

A

Marasmus (skin and Bone)

27
Q

What can you expect to be elevated if there is a food allergy

A

IgE

28
Q

How can you diagnose a food allergy?

A

Elimination Diet, Oral Challenge or test to see if IgE in serum is elevated

29
Q

What should you not introduce until after 12 months

A

Milk

30
Q

What should you not introduce Until 6 months

A

Eggs, Fish, Shellfish and Soy

31
Q

What should you not introduce until the appearance of teeth?

A

Nuts and Peanuts

32
Q

How does the Elimination Diet Work?

A

Off food for 4 weeks, on food for 2-4 Weeks

33
Q

what is nitrogen balance

A

Nitrogen Intake Vs Nitrogen Output

34
Q

what is the Purpose of the PDCAAS

A

Tells the digestibility of proteins in foods intended for 1-4 year olds

35
Q

What is the purpose of PER

A

determines how much weight gain per gram infants should be getting out of infant formula or baby food

36
Q

What does the Biological Value of protein tell us

A

The Nitrogen retained vs. Excreted in body ( higher quality protein will have higher BV)