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Flashcards in PROVFRÅGOR #1 Deck (32):
1

Which of the following is the most complete definition of Psychology?

The science of behavior and mental processes

2

A strong belief that the environment molds the behavior of humans and animals is characteristic of which perspective of psychology?

Behavioral

3

An emphasis on the unconscious and early childhood experiences is characteristic of which perspective of psychology?

Psychodynamic

4

All but which of the following are cognitive factors that influence behavior?

Expectations about the rewards of particular behaviors

5

Humanistic psychologists stress all of the following EXCEPT which one?
a. Individuals' abilities to make meaning and purpose in their lives
b. Self-awareness and free will
c. Unconscious forces
d. Being true to oneself
e. Becoming an authentic person

Unconscious forces

6

Which perspective is most responsible for bringing issues relating to diversity to the forefront of psychological research?

Sociocultural

7

The fundamental building block of the nervous system is the,...?

Neuron

8

All of the following are components of a neuron EXCEPT the...?
a. Soma
b. Axon
c. Synapse
d. Dendrite
e. Cell body

Synapse

9

Chemical messengers that transport nerve impulses from one nerve cell to another are called, what?

Neurotransmitters

10

What is the job of the synapse?

To provide a place in which neurons can communicate with each other

11

The brain and the spinal cord make up the, what?

Central nervous system

12

The peripheral nervous system consists of, what?

To autonomic nervous system and the somatic nervous system

13

The brain has _____ major parts and they are called the ______.

3, hindbrain, midbrain, and forebrain

14

Regarding the relationship between the nervous system and the endocrine system, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Both convey their messages through a network of nerves

15

Which gland is described as the "master gland"?

The pituitary

16

Humans have _____ chromosomes, how many do they have?

23 pairs of

17

Two psychologists date the nature-nurture problem. What is the topic of their debate?

The influence of genetics versus environment in human behavior

18

Which type of study provides the clearest way to address the nature-nurture question?

Adoptee study

19

Regarding consciousness, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Since altered states of consciousness are produced by taking drugs, people should avoid attempting to change their states of consciousness

20

The pattern of fluctuations in bodily processes that occur regularly each day are called, what?

Circadian rhythms

21

Which of the following describes REM sleep?

Sleep in which the brain becomes more active but muscle activity is blocked

22

Why do we dream?

There are lots of theories but none really knows

23

What is the most common sleep disorder?

Insomnia

24

Regarding hypnosis, which of the following statements is FALSE?

Hypnosis can led people to commit illegal acts that they find repulsive

25

Impaired control over the use of a drug is called, what?

drug dependence

26

After repeatedly using a drug for over six months, Ellan's body chemistry has changed such that is depends on having steady supply of the drug, Ellan had developed, what?

Physiological dependence

27

Regarding alcohol use among college student, which of the following statements is TRUE?

All of the above are true

28

Regarding stimulants, which of the following statements is FALSE?

All stimulants are illicit drugs

29

What is the most widely used psychoactive drug?

Caffeine

30

Which of the followings is TRUE of marijuana?

All of the above are true

31

Since hallucinogens alter sensory perceptions and produce sensory distortions, they are also called?

Psychedelics

32

The two most widely used hallucinogens are, which?

marijuana and LSD