PSCI 208 - Week 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSCI 208 - Week 4 Deck (13):
1

Chaco War

Between Bolivia and Paraguay over alleged oil reserves. 1932-1935. Bolivia lost. Integrated indigenous soldiers. MNR.

2

When was the Bolivian Revolution?

1952

3

What were some reforms that the MNR/1952 revolution brought about?

Universal suffrage, greater labor rights, nationalization of mines, agrarian reform

4

When was Bolivia under military rule?

1966-1982

5

When did Bolivia go back to democracy?

1982

6

Describe the Popular Participation Law.

Submitted by President Goni in 1994. Decentralized elections and fiscal power. Increased number of municipalities to 315. Meant to increase electoral support.

7

When did the Gas War occurred?

In October 2003.

8

Describe the Gas War.

The Goni administration repressed indigenous citizens killing 17 and wounding hundreds. They were protesting against the exportation of gas to the U.S. It ultimately gave rise to Evo Morales.

9

What is TIPNIS? Describe the situation and its effects.

TIPNIS is a national park that was coined "untouchable" by the government until the construction of a road was approved in August 2017. Biodiversity loss. Only benefits cocaleros.

10

Mention a Brazilian participatory innovation.

OTB for budget allocation. 2000.

11

According to Dr. Tulia Falleti, what makes an institution strong?

It's ability to drive bottom-up enforcement; social mobilization.

12

According to Dr. Tulia Falleti, what are the three characteristics of institutional strength?

Legitimacy, efficacy, and enforcement.

13

Describe the Water War.

1999. The World Bank demanded privatization of water so there was social unrest.