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Flashcards in Pseudomonadacea handout Deck (254):
1

only nonmotile pseudomonadacea

b. mallei

2

is pseudomonadacea fermentative

nopeeeee

3

the only oxidase negative pseudomonadacea

s. maltophilia

4

causes swimmer's ear infection, jacuzzi syndrome

p. aeruginosa

5

MOT of pseudomonadacea

direct contact except p. aeruginosa

6

most significant opportunistic pathogen among the pseduomonadacea family

p. aeruginosa

7

inhibits protein synthesis

exotoxin A

8

causes fever, DIC, necrosis

endotoxin

9

causes adhesion to tissue cells

pili

10

inhibits chemotaxis and phagocytosis

alginate

11

digests elastin

elastinase

12

breaks down collagen

collagenase

13

degrades protein

protease

14

colony of p. aeruginosa

fruity or grapelike or corn tortilla odor

15

drug of choice for aeruginosa

aminoglycosides (tobra, genta, carbeni)

16

TSI reaction of aeruginosa

K/K

17

optimum temp for aeruginosa growth

42C

18

other nonfermentative gram negative bacilli

achromobacter denitrificans
alcaligenes faecalis

19

differentiating test for a. denitrificans and a. faecalis

nitrate reduction test

20

results of a. denitrificans and a. faecalis with nitrate reduction test

+ and -

21

infections by a. denitrificans and a. faecalis

nosocomial infections

22

species under oligella

o. urethralis
o. ureolytica

23

previous name of O. urethralis

Moraxella urethralis

24

which oligella is motile

O. ureolytica

25

which oligella is nonmotile

O. urethralis

26

whic oligella reduces nitrate

O. ureolytica

27

which oligella does not reduce nitrate

O. urethralis

28

drugs for oligella

penicillins, cephalosporins, quinolones

29

nonsaccharolytic (nonoxidative, nonfermentative) and grows on MAC

Chryseobacterium meningosepticum
Elizabethkingia meningosepticum

30

motility of Chryseobacterium and Elizabethkingia

motile

31

nonsaccharolytic but does not grow in MAC

Eikenella corrodens

32

common name of E. corrodens

corroding bacilli

33

why is E. corrodens called corroding

it corrodes the agar

34

drug for E. corrodens

penicillins, quinolones, cephalosporin

35

genera under Pasteurellaceae

Pasteurella
Haemophilus
Actinobacillus

36

school of fish colony appearance

H. ducreyi

37

are species under Pasteurellaceae motile?

nopeeee

38

capsules of pasteurella genus

hyaluronic acid

39

capsules of haemophilus

ribitol phosphate

40

which species under haemophilus is not a normal flora of the URT

H. ducreyi

41

MOT of H. ducreyi

sexually transmitted

42

genera under Vibrionaceae

Vibrio
Plesiomonas

43

genera under Aeromonadaceae

Aeromonas

44

habitat of genera Vibrio, Plesiomonas and Aeromonas

aquatic environment

45

positive with string test w/ 0.5% sodium desoxycholate

vibrio

46

vibrio species with different MOT

V. alginolyticus

47

tests for Vibrio, Plesiomonas and Aeromonas

Kanagawa
Cholera red
ONPG

48

exhibits double zone of hemolysis on Wagatsuma agar (Kanagawa)

V. parahaemolyticus

49

positive to indole and nitrate reduction test (cholera red)

V. cholerae

50

agglutinates with chicken RBC

cholera biovar El Tor

51

drug for Vibrio

chloramphenicol
tetracycline
quinolones
erythromycin

52

drug for Plesiomonas and Aeromonas

beta lactam, quinolones

53

campylobacteriaceae that is positive in urea breath test

H. pylori

54

which campylobacteriaceae lives in the gastric mucosa

H. pylori

55

causes Pittsburg pneumonia

L. micdadei

56

causes Wiga agent pneumonia

L. bozemanii

57

Legionella that causes pneumonia

L. dumoffii

58

which grows in culture media supplemented with ironB and L-cysteine buffered to pH 6.9 for optimum growth like BCYE with L-cysteine

family Legionellaceae

59

MOT of Legionellaceae

acquired from environmental sources thru inhalation of infectious aerosols

60

rapid methods for diagnosis of Legionellaceae

indirect or direct fluorescent antibody test

61

facultative intracellular microvascular endothelial cells that interacts closely with its host

Bartonella

62

effects of proliferation of microvascular endothelial cells and angionensis

Bartonella

63

appears to be present in the environment; first reported to be a causative agent of cat-scratch disease (CSD)

AFIPIA FELIS

64

other gram negative bacilli that are obligate aerobes

Brucella
Bordetella
Francisella

65

common name for Brucella

Bang's bacillus

66

reservoir is cow

B. abortus

67

reservoir are goats and sheep

B. melitensis

68

reservoir is pig

B. suis

69

reservoir is dog

B. canis

70

normal flora of GIT of animal reservoirs

Brucella

71

most rapid identification test for Brucella

Particle Agglutination test

72

drug for Brucella

doxycycline with streptomycin or rifampin

73

species under Bordetella

B. perrtussis
B. parapertussis
B. bronchiseptica

74

the only catalase positive Bordetella

B. pertussis

75

phases of Whooping cough

catarrhal phase
paroxysmal coughing
convalescent

76

which Bordetella does not grow on BA

B. pertussis

77

drug for B. pertussis

erythromycin
chlarithromycin

78

which Bordetella is capsulated

B. pertussis

79

motility of Francisella

nonmotile

80

causes tularemia type A

F. tularensis subsp. tularensis

81

causes tularemia type B

F. tularensis subsp. paleartica

82

causes waterborne tularemia

F. philomiragia

83

clinical manifestations of tularemia

glandular fever
ulceroglandular
oculoglandular
oropharyngeal fever
systemic tularemia
pneumonic tularemia

84

susceptibility test for tularemia

Foshay test

85

resides in the human oral cavity

genus Capnocytophaga

86

infection by capnocytophaga

periodontitis

87

drug for cardiobacterium

penicillin

88

species under cardiobacterium

C. hominis

89

species under chromobacterium

C. violaceum

90

MOT of chromobacterium

exposure of disrupted skin

91

organisms that grows as "fluff balls" or "bread crumbs" in broth cultures

streptobacillus

92

bacteria cannot be grown on artificial media

Spirillum

93

causes rat bite fever referred to as Sodoku

Spirillum

94

formerly called Corynebacterium/Haemophilus vaginalis

Gardnerella vaginalis

95

test for Gardnerella

Whiff or Sniff test

96

positive result in Whiff or Sniff test

fishy or amine-like odor

97

positive for Gardnerella in stained smear

presence of "clue cells"

98

grows on medium with low pH (acidic) like tomato juice agar

Lactobacillus

99

Actinomycetes includes

Nocardia
Actinomadura
Streptomyces
Tsukamurella
Nocardiopsis
Rhodococcus
Actinomyces

100

the only aerobe, partially acid fast Actinomycete

Nocardia

101

the species under Calymmatobacterium

C. granulomatis

102

term for safety pin appearance surrounded by pink capsule

Donovan bodies

103

special feature of Calymmobacterium

Donovan bodies

104

other acceptable name for Calymmobacterium granulomatis

Klebsiella granulomatis

105

drug for C. granulomatis

tetracycline
ampicillin
SXT
erythromycin

106

infection by C. granulomatis

Donovanosis

107

sign of glandular fever

lymphadenopathy

108

sign of ulceroglandular fever

ulcer and lymphadenopathy

109

sign of oculoglandular fever

conjuctivitis and lymphadenopathy

110

sign of oropharyngeal fever

ulceration in the oropharynx

111

most serious form of tularemia

pneumonic tularemia

112

gram positive aerobic sporeforming

Bacillus genus

113

species under Bacillus

B. anthracis
B. cereus
B. subtilis

114

all Bacillus are motile except

B. anthracis

115

all Bacillus are pathogenic except

B. subtilis

116

"bamboo fishing rods" appearance

Bacillus genus

117

types of anthrax

pulmonary
intestinal
cutaneous

118

Medusa head looking colonies on BAP

B. anthracis

119

type of food poisoning that occurss 16 to 24 hrs after ingestion

diarrheal

120

type of food poisoning that occurs 1 to 6 hrs after ingestion

emetic

121

heat labile enterotoxin of B. cereus\s

diarrheal

122

heat stable enterotoxin of B. cereus

emetic

123

the only lecithinase negative Bacillus

B. subtilis

124

growth on PLET indicates

B. anthracis

125

PLET agar means

polymyxin lysozyme EDTA thallous acetate

126

gram positive nonsporeforming bacilli

Listeria monocytogenes
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae
Corynebacterium spp.

127

drug for B. anthracis

penicillin

128

the only Bacillus that is gelatinase negative

B. anthracis

129

exhibits tumbling motility

Listeria monocytogenes

130

growth pattern of "inverted Christmas tree"

Listeria monocytogenes

131

infections by L. monocytogenes

Listeriosis
Uterine infection of the fetus

132

other term for uterine infection of the fetus

granulomatous infantiseptica

133

drug for L. monocytogenes

ampicillin
penicillin

134

pathogenecity test for L. monocytogenes

Ocular Anton test

135

also known as Kleb-Loeffler's bacillus

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

136

a localized skin infection by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

erysipeloid

137

exhibits test tube brush growth in gelatin stub

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

138

most virulent species of Corynebacterium

C. diphtheriae

139

catalase positive Corynebacterium

C. diphtheriae

140

nonmotile Corynebacterium

C. diphtheriae

141

three colonial types of C. diphtheriae

gravis
mitis
intermedius

142

lasgest diphtheriae colony type

gravis

143

colony of diphtheriae with fried egg appearance on BA

mitis

144

culture media used to enhance the morphologic characteristics of diphtheriae

Pai's coagulated egg agar
Loeffler's serum slant

145

stains used to visualize Babes Ernst bodies

Burke's
Loeffler's
Albert's

146

dieasea characterized by bull neck and pseudomembrane formation

respiratory diphtheria

147

pathogenic determinant of diphtheria

potent entotoxin

148

toxigenecity test for diphtheriae

Elek test

149

stain for Francisella

acridic orange

150

genera under Rickettsiaceae

Rickketsia
Orientia
Ehrlichia

151

bacteria with DNA and RNA

Rickettsiaceae

152

obligate intracellular parasite

Rickettsiaceae

153

unculturable in artificila media but grows on tissue media

Rickettsiaceae

154

drug for Rickettsiaceae

tetracycline

155

causes Q fever

Coxiella burnetti

156

genera under Chlamydiae

Chlamydia
Chlamydophila

157

previous name of Chlamydiae

Bedsonia

158

drug for Chlamydiae

tetracycline
eythromycin

159

the only pear-shaped elementary body of Chlamydia spp

C. pneumoniae

160

the only round vacuolar inclusion morphology of Chlamydia spp

C. trachomatis

161

the only Chlamydia with glycogen containing bodies

C. trachomatis

162

term for the glycogen containing bodies in C. trachomatis

Halberstaedter-Prowazek bodies

163

has glycogen-containing bodies but has no glycogen called ______

levinthal-Cole-Lillie bodies

164

genera under Mycoplsamataceae

Mycoplasma
Ureaplasma

165

previously called PPLO (pleuro-pneumonia like organisms)

Mycoplasmataceae

166

smallest free-living organism known

Mycoplasmataceae

167

drug for mycoplasmataceaea

tetracycline

168

nonmotile, acidfast bacilli

mycobacteriaceae

169

unusual component of mycobacterium cell structure

N. glycolylmuramic acid in lieu of N. acetyl muramic acid

170

drugs for mycobacteriaceae

INH
rifampin
pyrazinamide

171

SN for Battey's bacillus

M. avium subsp. avium

172

SN for wood pigeon bacillus

M. avium subsp. silvaticum

173

SN for Johne's bacillus

M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis

174

SN for Koch's bacillus

M. tuberculosis

175

produce yellow colonies wyen exposed to light, nonpigmented in the dark

group 1 photochromogens Runyon

176

spp under group 1 runyon

M. kansasii
M. marinum

177

common name for M. kansasii

yellow bacillus

178

known as tap water bacillus

M. gordonae

179

produce yellow colonies in both light and dark

group 2 scotochromogen

180

doesn't produce yellow colonies in light and dark

group 3 nonphotochromogen

181

mycobacterium that grows in less than 5 days

group 4 rapid growing NTM

182

nonculturable mycobacterium

M. leprae

183

common name for M. leprae

Hansen's bacillus

184

animal used for inoculation of M. leprae

armadillo or foo pad mice

185

common name for M. terrae

radish bacillus

186

negative with Lepromin test

lepromatous form

187

positive with Lepromin test

tuberculoid test

188

appearance of nodules on the face called

"lioness head appearance"

189

intracutaneous injection of heat killed M. leprae suspension

Lepromin test

190

reactions by Lepromin test

Fernandez test
Mitsuda reaction

191

intradermal test that can detect past or present infection with M. tuberculosis

tuberculin skin test

192

methods for tuberculin skin test

von Pirquet
Mantoux
Vollmer
multiple puncture

193

antigen used in tuberculin skin test

purified protein derivative or Old tuberculin

194

other term for tuberculosis osteomyelitis

Pott's disease

195

color of M. leprae in Baumgarten's method

red

196

color of M. tuberculosis in Baumgarten's method

blue

197

color of M. tuberculosis in Pappenheimer

red

198

color of M. smegmatis in Pappenheimer

blue

199

test to determine presence of drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis

Luciferase test

200

resistant strains would show _______ in Luciferase test

lesser flash of light

201

best test to used to identify M. tuberculosis

Niacin test

202

valuable test to identify M. tuberculosis, M. kansasii, M. szulgai and M. fortuitum

nitrate reduction

203

nitrate reduction positive mycobacterium

M. tuberculosis
M. kansasii
M. fortuitum
M. szulgai

204

the only catalase negative mycobacterium

M. gastrii
isomiazid strains of M. tuberculosis

205

positive with Tween 80 hydrolysis

scotochromogen and nonphotochromogen

206

what is Tween 80

polyoxyethylene sorbitan monooleate

207

a three day test for mycobacterium

arylsulfatase test

208

positive with arylsulfatase test

rapid growers
M. fortuitum
M. chelonae4

209

results in susceptibility to TCH

(S) M. bovis
(R) M. tuberculosis

210

what is TCH

thiopene-2 carboxylic acid hydrazide

211

only nonmotile Clostridium spp

C. perfringens

212

Clostridium with double zone of hemolysis

C. perfringens

213

normal flora of the vagina

Mobiluncus spp

214

usually assoicated with mixed infections of the abdomen, pelvis or genitourinary tract

Eubacterium spp

215

thin, pointed shape or larger irregular curved rods with thick bifurcated or forked ends like dog bones

Bifidobacterium spp

216

called anaerobic diphtheroids

Propionibacterium spp

217

anaerobic gram posiive bacilli

Propionibacerium
Bifidobacterium
Eubacterium
Mobiluncus

218

anaerobic gram negative bacilli

Bacteroides fragilis
Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum
Prevotella spp
Leptotrichia spp

219

infections by this bacteria occur below the diaphragm

Bacteroides fragilis

220

this organism is involved in the head and neck and pleuropulmonary infections

Fusobacterium nucleatum subsp. nucleatum
Prevotella spp

221

most often isolated from the oral cavity and urogenital tract

Leptotrichia spp

222

stages of venereal syphilis

incubation
primary
secondary
latent
tertiary

223

drug form venereal syphilis

penicillin G

224

genera under Spirochaetes

Treponema
Borrelia
Leptospira

225

causes venereal syphilis

T. pallidum subsp. pallidum

226

other name for venereal syphilis

great pox, Lues French disease

227

RPR means

rapid plasma reagin

228

incubation period of veneral syphilis

14 to 21 days

229

skin rashes manifested in the secondary stage of venereal syphilis

condylomata lata

230

granuloma-like lesions manifested in the tertiary stage of venereal syphilis

gumma

231

infection by T. pallidum subsp. endemicum

bejel

232

infection by T. pallidum subsp. pertenue

yaws

233

infection by Treponema carateum

pinta

234

disease by P. mallei

Glander's or farcy

235

disease by P. pseudomallei

Vietnamese time bomb

236

disease by H. influenzae subsp. aegyptius

pink-eye conjunctivitis
Brazilian purpuric fever

237

disease by H. ducreyi

soft chancre or chancroid

238

darting motility

Vibrio

239

disease by L. bozemanii

Wiga agent pneumonia

240

disease by L. micdadei

Pittsburg pneumonia

241

disease by Bartonella quintana

Trench fever

242

disease by Bartonella henselae

cat scratch disease

243

other name for Brucellosis

undulant fever
malta fever
gibraltar fever

244

disease by Streptobacillus moniliformis

rat bite fever
Haverhill fever

245

disease by A. israelii

lumpy jaws with sulfur granules

246

colonies of A. israelii

young - spider
old - molar tooth

247

disease by Tropheryma whippeli

Whipple's disease

248

what causes Donovanosis

Calymmatobacterium

249

other name for pulmonary anthrax

woolsorter's
ragpicker's

250

previous name for Mycoplasma pneumoniae

Eaton agent

251

tuberculosis in chicken

M. avium subsp. avium

252

Tuberculosis in cow and sheep

M. avium subsp paratuberculosis

253

tuberculosis in pigeons

M. avium subsp silvaticun

254

infection by M. marinum

swimming pool granuloma