PSY L10 Key Terms Ch 12 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PSY L10 Key Terms Ch 12 Deck (14):
1

An inferred process within a person or animal that causes movement either toward a goal or away from an unpleasant situation.

Motivation

2

The pursuit of an activity for its own sake.

Intrinsic motivation

3

Occurs when a single activity or goal has both a positive and negative aspect.

Approach and avoidance conflicts

4

Chemical substances in the nervous system that are similar in structure and action to opiates; they are involved in pain reduction, pleasure, and memory and are known technically as endogenous opioid peptides.

Endorphins [en-DOR-fins]

5

An expectation that comes true because of the tendency of the person holding it to act in ways that bring it about.

Self-fulfilling prophecy

6

Focuses on behavior in the workplace; group decision making, employee morale, motivation, productivity, job stress, and etc.

Industrial/organizational psychology

7

The genetically influenced weight range for an individual; it is maintained by biological mechanisms that regulate food intake, fat reserves, and metabolism.

Set point

8

Goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences.

Avoidance goals

9

Goals framed in terms of desired outcomes or experiences.

Approach goals

10

Characterized by a whirlwind of intense emotions and sexual passion.

Passionate love

11

Collections of rules that determine proper attitudes and behavior for men and women.

Gender roles

12

A pyramid structure of people's motives with the most basic needs at the bottom (food, sleep, water) and the highest level of needs, self-actualization and self-transcendence, at the top.

Maslow's hierarchy of needs

13

Characterized by affection and trust.

Companionate love

14

Sets of implicit rules that specify proper sexual behavior for a person in a given situation, varying with the person's gender, age, religion, social status, and peer group.

Sexual scripts