PSYC332CH1&2vocab Flashcards Preview

PSYC 332 Experimental PSYC > PSYC332CH1&2vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in PSYC332CH1&2vocab Deck (21):
1

Methods of acquiring knowledge

are ways in which a person can know things or discover answers to questions

2

method of tenacity

information is accepted as true because it has always been believed or because superstition supports it.

3

method of intuition

information is accepted on the basis of a hunch or gut feeling.

4

method of authority

a person relies on information or answers from an expert in the subject area

5

method of faith

is a variant of the method of authority in which people have unquestioning trust in the authority figure and, therefore accept information from the authority without doubt or challenge.

6

rational method or rationalism

seeks answers by the use of logical reasoning

7

premise statements

describe facts or assumptions that are presumed to be true.

8

argument

is a set of premise statements that are logically combined to yield a conclusion

9

empirical method or empiricism

uses observations or direct sensory experience to obtain knowledge.

10

induction or inductive reasoning

involves using a relatively small set of specific observations as the basis for forming a general statement about a larger set of possible observations.  Small to large.

11

variables

are characteristics or conditions that change or have different values for different individuals.

12

hypothesis

a statement that describes or explains a relationship between or among variables.

13

deduction or deductive reasoning

uses a general statement as the basis for reaching a conclusion about specific examples. Large to small.A_image_thumb

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14

scientific method

is a method of acquiring knowledge that uses observations to develop a hypothesis then uses the hypothesis to make logical predictions that can be empirically tested by making additional, systematic observations.

15

testable hypothesis

is one for which all the variables, events and individuals are real and can be defined and observed.

16

a refutable hypothesis

is one that can be demonstrated to be false.

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participants

individuals who take part in research studies

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subjects

nonhuman participants

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applied research

is intended to answer practical quesitons or solve practical problems.

20

primary source

is a firsthand report of observations or research results written by the individual who actually conducted the research and made the observations.

21

secondary source

is a description or summary of another person's work.