Methods of acquiring knowledge
are ways in which a person can know things or discover answers to questions
method of tenacity
information is accepted as true because it has always been believed or because superstition supports it.
method of intuition
information is accepted on the basis of a hunch or gut feeling.
method of authority
a person relies on information or answers from an expert in the subject area
method of faith
is a variant of the method of authority in which people have unquestioning trust in the authority figure and, therefore accept information from the authority without doubt or challenge.
rational method or rationalism
seeks answers by the use of logical reasoning
describe facts or assumptions that are presumed to be true.
is a set of premise statements that are logically combined to yield a conclusion
empirical method or empiricism
uses observations or direct sensory experience to obtain knowledge.
induction or inductive reasoning
involves using a relatively small set of specific observations as the basis for forming a general statement about a larger set of possible observations. Small to large.
are characteristics or conditions that change or have different values for different individuals.
a statement that describes or explains a relationship between or among variables.
deduction or deductive reasoning
uses a general statement as the basis for reaching a conclusion about specific examples. Large to small.
is a method of acquiring knowledge that uses observations to develop a hypothesis then uses the hypothesis to make logical predictions that can be empirically tested by making additional, systematic observations.
is one for which all the variables, events and individuals are real and can be defined and observed.
a refutable hypothesis
is one that can be demonstrated to be false.
individuals who take part in research studies
is intended to answer practical quesitons or solve practical problems.
is a firsthand report of observations or research results written by the individual who actually conducted the research and made the observations.
is a description or summary of another person's work.