Psychoanalytical theory Flashcards Preview

Introduction to Counselling (PSYC1433) > Psychoanalytical theory > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychoanalytical theory Deck (11):

What are the 2 realms of experience?

- PSYCHIAL-SUBJECTIVE: located inside the self, manifesting itself most notably in dreams

- ENVIRONMENTAL: objective and located outside the self


What are the 3 key concepts when reading Freud?

1. sexuality
2. memory
3. interpretation


What are the 5 stages of sexual development?

1. ORAL (0-2 years) - the mouth; sucking, swallowing, etc.
2. ANAL (2-3 years) - the anus; withholding/expelling faeces
3. PHALLIC (3-6 years) - the penis/clitoris; masturbation
4. LATENT (6-12 years) - little or no sexual motivation present
5. GENITAL (12+ years) - the penis/vagina; sexual intercourse


During which stage of sexual development does the id develop?

Stage 1 (oral)


During which stage of sexual development does the superego develop?

Stage 3 (phallic)


What are the 3 main phases to Freud's work?

1. AFFECT TRAUMA THEORY: potency of 'dammed up' feelings that threaten psychic equilibrium and lead to symptoms

2. TOPOGRAPHICAL MODEL OF THE MIND: unconscious, preconscious and conscious

3. STRUCTURAL MODEL OF THE MIND: 'the ego and the id' publication


What types of dreams do not fit Freud's theory?

- convenience dreams
- traumatic dreams
- anxiety dreams
- sexual dreams


Explain the use of dreams in psychoanalytical work.

- defence mechanisms less in operation --> unconscious wishes expressed symbolically

- MANIFEST CONTENT: consciously recalled

- LATENT CONTENT: held symbolic meaning


What are the 3 main tools used in free association?

- CONFRONTATION: therapist mirrors what is being revealed

- INTERPRETATION: therapist explains unconscious motives

- RECONSTRUCTION: therapist recovers past experiences


During free association, the psychoanalyst looks for...

1. RESISTANCE: client encounters a block, e.g. changes the subject

2. TRANSFERENCE: client acts/feels towards psychoanalyst like he/she was an important figure from his/her childhood (this is why the psychoanalyst sits behind the client)


What are Jung's archetypes?

1. The shadow
2. The Anima (feminine)
3. The Animus (masculine)
4. The self