Flashcards in Psychoanalytical theory Deck (11):
What are the 2 realms of experience?
- PSYCHIAL-SUBJECTIVE: located inside the self, manifesting itself most notably in dreams
- ENVIRONMENTAL: objective and located outside the self
What are the 3 key concepts when reading Freud?
What are the 5 stages of sexual development?
1. ORAL (0-2 years) - the mouth; sucking, swallowing, etc.
2. ANAL (2-3 years) - the anus; withholding/expelling faeces
3. PHALLIC (3-6 years) - the penis/clitoris; masturbation
4. LATENT (6-12 years) - little or no sexual motivation present
5. GENITAL (12+ years) - the penis/vagina; sexual intercourse
During which stage of sexual development does the id develop?
Stage 1 (oral)
During which stage of sexual development does the superego develop?
Stage 3 (phallic)
What are the 3 main phases to Freud's work?
1. AFFECT TRAUMA THEORY: potency of 'dammed up' feelings that threaten psychic equilibrium and lead to symptoms
2. TOPOGRAPHICAL MODEL OF THE MIND: unconscious, preconscious and conscious
3. STRUCTURAL MODEL OF THE MIND: 'the ego and the id' publication
What types of dreams do not fit Freud's theory?
- convenience dreams
- traumatic dreams
- anxiety dreams
- sexual dreams
Explain the use of dreams in psychoanalytical work.
- defence mechanisms less in operation --> unconscious wishes expressed symbolically
- MANIFEST CONTENT: consciously recalled
- LATENT CONTENT: held symbolic meaning
What are the 3 main tools used in free association?
- CONFRONTATION: therapist mirrors what is being revealed
- INTERPRETATION: therapist explains unconscious motives
- RECONSTRUCTION: therapist recovers past experiences
During free association, the psychoanalyst looks for...
1. RESISTANCE: client encounters a block, e.g. changes the subject
2. TRANSFERENCE: client acts/feels towards psychoanalyst like he/she was an important figure from his/her childhood (this is why the psychoanalyst sits behind the client)