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Flashcards in psychodynamic Deck (14):
1

Assumptions

└an approach where different dynamics (mainly unconscious) operate the mind and direct human behaviour and experience
└Sigmund Freud

2

Role of the unconscious

└conscious
└preconscious
└aware of in dreams/parapraxes (slips of tongue)
└unconscious
└part of mind we are unaware of but directs much of our behaviour
└threatening/disturbing memories- represses/forgotten

3

Structure of personality

Id Ego Superego

4

Ego

└mediator- defence mechanisms
└reality principle
└present from 2

5

Id

└primitive
└pleasure principle
└present from birth

6

Superego

└how we ought to be
└morality principle
End of phallic stage

7

Psychosexual stages


Oral
0-1
└FOP= mouth
└wants mothers breast Oral fixation
└nail biting, smoking

Anal
1-3 └FOP= anus
└withhold/expel faeces Anal retentive
└perfectionist
Anal expulsive
└messy

Phallic
3-5 └FOP= genital area
└oedipus/electra complex Phallic personality
└reckless
└homosexual

Latency └earlier conflicts repressed

Genital └conscious sexual desires └difficulty forming heterosexual relationships

8

Defence mechanisms

Repression
└forcing distressing memory out of conscious mind
Denial
└refusing to acknowledge an aspect of reality
Displacement
└transferring feelings from true source of distress to substitute target

9

Repression

└forcing distressing memory out of conscious mind

10

Denial

└refusing to acknowledge an aspect of reality

11

Displacement

└transferring feelings from true source of distress to substitute target

12

strengths

Practical application
└psychoanalysis
└e.g. hypnosis, dream analysis
└access unconscious
└good for mild neurosis
└harmful for schizophrenia etc.

Explanatory power
└dominant force in psychology for first hald 20th century along with behaviourism
└explains phenomena
└personality development
└gender
└draws connection to childhood experiences and later development

13

limitations

Case study method
└Freuds theory bases on single individuals
└e.g. Little hans
└subjective recordings
└lack of scientific rigour

14

points

Role of the unconscious
Structure of personality
Psychosexual stages
Defence mechanisms