Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Flashcards Preview

PSYCH 1000 (Final) > Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Personality > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches to Personality Deck (25):
1

Psychodynamic Perspective:

-Personality and behaviour shaped by consciousness
Conscious Mind- current awareness, containing everything you are aware of right now
Unconscious Mind- inaccessible part of consciousness, influences and guides behaviour with your knowledge

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Defence Mechanisms

-Unconscious strategies the ego uses to reduce or avoid anxiety

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Repression

keeping distressing info out of conscious awareness

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Denial

refusing to acknowledge unpleasant info

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Rationalization

attempting to hide one’s true motives by providing reasonable explanation

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Displacement

transforming unacceptable implies into more acceptable one (ie. slamming door when mad)

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Identification

Unconsciously assuming characteristics of a more powerful person in order to reduce feelings of anxiety about self (i.e. being more like a bully)

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Projection

Attributing undesirable quality you have to others (i.e. if you are selfish you see everyone else as selfish)

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Reaction Formation

changing an impulse that one finds unacceptable into its opposite (i.e. you are homosexual but pretend to be homophobic)

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Sublimation

transforming unacceptable impulses into acceptable ones (i.e. being a boxer if you are aggressive)

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Fixation

becoming preoccupied with obtaining pleasure associated with a particular stage
- can occur because of conflict, excessive parental interference, allowing child to indulge in pleasure seeking behaviour

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Oral Stage

0-18 months
-sucking, chewing, swallowing -development of ego
-fixation represents lack of self confidence and ego strength

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Anal Stage

18-36 months
- bowel elimination and control
-development of sense of control and competence -fixation results to anal retentive personality (obsession with cleanliness, order, control, or is disorganized with disregard for order

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Phallic Stage-

3-6 years
- genitals
-further develops superego from internalization of values from parents (must overcome oedipus complex)
-fixation leads to jealousy, obsessions with power and sex

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Latency

6 years-puberty
- external activities
- focus on developing interests -fixation not a huge problem

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Genital Stage

puberty to adulthood
- sexual activities with others
-further developing and expressing mature personality

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Projective Tests

ambiguous images are presented to elicit responses that reflect unconscious desires or conflicts

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Rorschach Inkblot Test

people asked to describe what they see on a inkblot and psychologists interpret this description using standardized scoring and interpretation method

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Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)

people tell stories about ambiguous pictures involving various interpersonal situations (i.e. picture is 2 people… tell a story about the people)

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Analytical Psychology

role of unconscious archetypes in personality development

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Personal Unconscious

same as Freudian unconsciousness

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Collective Unconsciousness

realm of unconsciousness that holds collective memories and myths of humankind

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Archetypes

- images and symbols that reflect common “truths”
i.e. Mother, Father, Hero, Shadow

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Inferiority Complex

struggle with feeling son inferiority which stem of experiences of helplessness in childhood
-strive to compensate by appearing competent or superior

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Person-Centred Perspective

people are good, and given he right environment their personality will develop fully and normally, strives for self-actualization (drive to grow and fulfill one’s potential)