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Personality

An individual's unique and relatively constant pattern of thinking feeling and behaving

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Personality theory

A theory that attempts to describe and explain similarities and differences in people patterns of thinking feeling and behaving

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Psychoanalysis

Sigmund Freud's theory of personality which emphasizes unconscious determinant of behavior sexual aggression instinctual drives and then during early childhood experiences later personality development

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Free association

A psychoanalytic technique in which the patient spontaneously reports all thoughts feelings and mental images as they come to mind

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Unconscious

And Freud's theory a term used to describe thoughts feelings and wishes and drive their operating below the level of conscious awareness

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I'd

Latin for the it and Freud's theory the completely unconscious in rational component of personality that seeks immediate satisfaction of instinctual urges drive ruled by the pleasure principle

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Eros

Self-preservation or Lyft incident reflected in the expression of basic biological urges that perpetuate the existence of the individual and the species

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Libido

The psychological and emotional energy associated with the expression of sexuality the sex drive

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Thanatos

The death instinct reflected and aggressive destructive and self-destructive actions

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Pleasure principle

The motive to obtain pleasure and avoid tension or discomfort the most fundamental human motives and guiding principle of ID

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Ego

Latin for I ; and Freud's theory the partly conscious rational component of the personality regulates thoughts and behaviors and most in touch with the demands of the external world

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Reality principle

The capacity to accommodate external demand by postponing gratification until the appropriate time or circumstance exist

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Superego

And Floyd. The partially conscious self value to moralistic component of personality that is formed through the internalization of paternal and social rules

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Major ego defense mechanism

Repression
Displacement
Sublimation
Rationalization
Projection reaction formation
Denial
Undoing
Regression

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Repression

The unconscious exclusion of anxiety provoking thoughts feelings and memories from conscious awareness the most fundamental ego defense mechanism

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Displacement

defense mechanism that involve unconsciously shifting the target of an emotional urge to substitute target that is less threatening or dangerous

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Sublimation

Defense mechanism that involve redirecting for sexual urges toward productive socially excepted bowl nonsexual activities form of displacement

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Projection

The attribution of one's own unacceptable urges or qualities to others

Example married woman who was sexually attracted to a coworker accuses him of flirting with her

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Reaction formation

Thinking or behaving in a way that is the extreme opposite of unacceptable urgent or impulses

Example threatened by his awakening sexual attraction to girls and adolescent boy goes out of his way to tease and torment adolescent girls

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Undoing

A form of unconscious repentance that involve neutralizing for an unacceptable action or thought with the second option for thought

Example a woman get a tax refund by cheating on her taxes make the larger than usual donation to the church collection on the following Sunday

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Regression

Retreating to a behavior pattern characteristic of an earlier stage of development

After her parents are divorced for 10-year-old girl refuses to sleep alone in her room crawling to bed with her mother

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Psychosexual stages

Floyd theory age related developmental. In which the child sexual urges are focused on different areas of the body and are expressed through . Activities associated with the various

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Oedipus complex

In Freud's theory a child unconscious sexual desire for the opposite sex parent usually accompanied by hostile feelings toward the same-sex parent

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Identification

Psychoanalytic theory and ego defense mechanism that involves reducing anxieties by imitating the behavior and characteristics of another person

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Oral stage

Birth to age 1
Mouth is the primary focus of pleasure and gratifying satisfaction which the infant achieve via feeding and exploring objects with his or her mouth

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Anal stage

Ages 1 to 3
The anus is the primary focus of pleasurable sensation which the young child derives through develop being control over illumination via toilet training

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Phallic stage

Ages 3-6
The genitals are the primary focus of pleasurable sensation which the child arrived through the sexual curiosity masturbation and sexual attraction to the opposite a parent

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Latency stage

Ages 7-11
Sexual impulses become repressed and dormant as a child develops same sex friendships with peers and focuses on school sports and other activities

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Genital stage

Adolescence

At the adolescent reach of physical sexual maternity Gerald become the primary focus of pleasure sensation which person seeks to satisfy and heterosexual relationships

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Collective unconscious

In Jungs theory the hypothesized part of the unconscious mind that is inherited from previous generation but contain universal we shared ancestral experiences and ideas