Psychological Disorders Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Part 1 Deck (16):
1

trepanation

drilling holes in the head in order to release the demons causing 'abnormal' behaviour

2

malleus maleficarum

"hammer of the witches"
- a 1486 German text containing instructions for identifying witches, such as looking for the "Devils mark" on the body

3

5 other medieval cures

- starved
- flogged
- immersion in boiling water or oil
- exorcism
- but, madness included ailments that we now know are physical, such as epilepsy

4

asylums

residential facilities for the mentally ill, often applying brutal treatments

5

what was the first psychiatric hospital

bethlam royal

6

medical model

treating psychological conditions as sets of symptoms, causes and outcomes, with treatments aimed at changing physiological processes in order to alleviate symptoms

7

maladaptive

behaviour that causes distress to oneself or others, impairs day to day functioning, or increases the risk of injury or harm to oneself or others

8

diagnostic statistical manual of mental disorders

a standardized manual to aid in the diagnosis of disorders; it lists diagnostic criteria and etiologies for different conditions

9

etiologies

causes

10

what was the previous classification system?

person was evaluated o 5 dimensions or axes

11

what were the 5 axes of the previous classification system?

1) Axis I: major mental disorder
2) Axis II: Personality disorders or mental retardation
3) Axis III: Relevant medical conditions
4) Axis IV: understanding the social, environmental and cultural context
5) Axis V: Rating (from 1-100) of current level of psychological, social and occupational functioning

12

what are the 3 pieces of info that the DSM-V contains?

1) set of symptoms and the number of symptoms that must be met in order to have the disorder
2) etiology of symptoms
3) a prognosis or prediction of how these symptoms will persist or change over time

13

advantages to the DSM

reliability, attention to culture-bound syndromes, and attention to genetic and biological factors

14

disadvantages to the DSM

unclear rationale for the number f symptoms necessary for diagnosis, potential stigma of labels and over diagnosis of conditions

15

insanity

a legal concept not directly related to psychological diagnoses or treatment

16

mental disorder defense

a legal defence claiming that the defendant was in such an extreme, abnormal state of mind when committing the crime that he or she could not discern that the actions were legally or morally wrong