Psychological Disorders Part 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychological Disorders Part 3 Deck (15):
1

anxiety disorders

a category of disorders involving fear or nervousness that is excessive, irrational and maladaptive

2

generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)

a disorder involving frequent elevated levels of anxiety, generally from the normal challenges and stresses of everyday life

3

what is GAD associated with?

unstable, irritable moods, experience difficulty concentrating and sleep problems. associated with increased activity in the amygdala, thalamus, hypothalamus and several cortical regions. increase norpinephrine release. decrease serotonin release

4

panic disorder

an anxiety disorder marked by occasional episodes of sudden, very intense fear

5

panic attack

brief moments of extreme anxiety that include a rush of physical activity paired with frightening thoughts

6

agoraphobia

an intense fear of having a panic attack in public (as a result, individual may begin to avoid public settings)

7

phobia

a severe, irrational fear of a specific object or situation

8

causes of phobias

- negative experiences
- modelling by another person (parent)
- personality factors - shy and inhibited people are prone to phobias
- genetic link-it is possible to breed fearful lab rats

9

social anxiety disorder

a very strong fear of being judged by others or embarrassed or humiliated in public

10

psycopharmocotherapy

the use of drugs to attempt to manage or reduce clients symptoms

11

exposure

when a person with an anxiety disorder is repeatedly in stages expose to the object o his fear so that he work past his emotional reactions

12

virtual reality exposure

a treatment that uses graphical displays to crete an experience in which the client seems to be immersed in an actual environment

13

features of PTSD

- exposure to traumatic event
- re-experiencing
- avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma
- increased arousal
- symptoms must persist for 6 months or longer

14

causes of PTSD

- many PTSD patients also suffered childhood trauma
- overactive amygdala and left hippocampus
- memories trigger emotional response, which leads to autonomic nervous system activity and the feeling of stress and panic

15

obsessive compulsive disorder

a disorder in which sufferers are plagued by unwanted, inappropriate and persistent thoughts (obsessions), and tend to engage in repetitive almost ritualistic behaviours (compulsions)