Psychologists Flashcards Preview

MCAT Behavioral Science > Psychologists > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychologists Deck (56):
1

Freud**

Psycho analytic theory - id, ego, superego, psychosexual stages, drive theory

2

Erik Erikson

Psychosocial stages

3

Lev Vygotsky

Vygotsky's levels of development (zone of proximal development), internalization

4

Kohlberg

Kohlberg's theory of moral development

5

Jean Piaget

Piaget's theory of cognitive development schemase

6

BF Skinner

operant conditioning, behaviorist, learning theory of language, incentive theory of motivation, instinctual drift

7

Pavlov

Classical conditioning

8

James-Lange

stimulus --> physical condition --> emotion

9

Cannon-Bard

stimulus --> emotion + physical condition

10

Schachter-Singer

stimulus --> physical response --> cognitive appraisal to label the emotion

11

Abraham Maslow

needs based theory of motivation

12

George Herbert Mead

social psychology, interactionist theory of language, symbolic interactionism, pragmatism, theory of the social self (I and me)

13

Carl Rogers

Humanistic, self-actualization, unconditional positive regard, client centered therapy, self-verification, congruence

14

William James

Father of American psych, functional psychology, James-Lange theory of emotion, thought it was important to study how the mind functioned in adapting to the environment

15

Karen Horney

Feminist theory

16

Carl Jung

Personality type (introversion vs extroversion), archetypes, collective unconscious

17

Erving Goffman

Dramturgy

18

John B. Watson

behaviorist, little albert einsten

19

albert bandura

observational learning, social learning theory, reciprocal determinism - Bobo Doll experiment

20

Noam Chomsky

nativist theory of language, language acquisition device, universal grammar (universalist language theory)

21

Howard Gardner

theory of multiple intelligence

22

william stern

IQ

23

Clark Hull

Drive reduction theory of motivation

24

Richard E Petty and John Cacioppo

Elaboration likelihood model

25

George Homans

social exchange theory

26

stanley milgram

milgram experiment, obedience

27

solomon asch

asch conformity studies, peer pressure

28

edwin sutherland

differential association

29

robert merton

strain theory, manifest and latent function

30

charles cooley

looking glass self

31

harry harlow

monkey experiments with love/attachment

32

mary ainsworth, john bowlby

attachment theory, strange situation experiment

33

emile durkheim

structural functionalism (interdependence of component parts of social structure)

34

howard becker

labeling theory (relates to deviance)

35

robert sternbeg

triarchic theory of intelligence (componential, experiential, and practical_

36

karl marx

systems of dominance, conflict theory

37

ludwig gumplowicz

social darwinism, conflict theory

38

max weber

bureaucracy, conflict theory

39

simone de beauvoir

feminism

40

W.E.B. Du Bois

african american rights, NAACP

41

Talcott parsons

sick role

42

herbert blumer

sumbolic interactionism (Derived from mead)

43

george herbert mead

social behaviorism

44

muzafer sherif

robbers cave experiment

45

gordon allport

three basic traits: cardinal, central, secondary

46

raymond cattell

Big Five traits: openness to experience, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism

47

broadbend and treisman

attention filter model (broadbent), attention attenuation model (ann treisman) = both on divided attention

48

erhst weber

weber's law - just noticeable difference , weber ratio

49

george ritzer

mcdonaldization - mechanization of society

50

Francis Joseph Gall

phrenology - part of the brain responsible for a trait would expand

51

philip zimbardo

stanford prison experiment

52

Pierre Flourens

functions of the major sections of the brain, extirpation, ablation, brain had specific part for specific functions

53

John dewey

functionalism, his 1896 article was functionalism's start, article criticized the concept of the reflex arc, believed psychology should focus on the study of the organism as a WHOLE as it functioned to adapt to the environment

54

Paul Broca

behavioral deficits of people with brain damage, demonstrated specific functional impairments could be linked with specific brain lesions., broca's area

55

Hermann von Helmholts

measured the speed of a nerve impulse, transition of psychology into a field of natural science

56

sir charles sherrington

inferred the existence of synapses, was wrong in thinking synaptic transmission was an electrical process because it is primarily a chemical process