Psychology Module 21 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology Module 21 Deck (25):
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A.

Appraisal

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1. The uncomfortable feeling we have when we appraise a situation as something that overloads or strains our psychological resources is called A.

A. Stress

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2. Our initial, subjective evaluation of a situation in which we balance various environmental demands against our ability to meet them is called A.

A. Primary Appraisal

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3. There are three outcomes of primary appraisal. those situations that do not matter to our well being are called A.; Those that will enhance or preserve our well being are called B.; And those that over tax our resources are called C.

A. Irrelevant B. Positive C. Stressful

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4. A stressful situation has the potential for three different kinds of personal experiences. If you have already sustained some damage or injury, this is referred to as A. If the injury has not yet taken place but you anticipate it in the future, this is referred to as B. If you have the potential for gain or personal growth but need to use physical energy or psychological resources, this is referred to as C. Not all appraisals are clear cut; some may represent a combination of threat and challenge.

A. Harm/Loss B. Threat C. Challenge

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B.

Physiological Responses

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5. A combination of physiological responses that arouse and prepare the body for action is called the A. response. Although this response originally evolved to help our ancestors survive dangerous and life threatening situations, it can also be triggered by psychological stimuli, such as our primary B. of a situation as harm/loss, threatening, or challenging.

A. Fight-Flight B. Appraisal

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6. Our psychological reactions to stressful situations can result in real, painful, physical symptoms called A. symptoms.

A, Psychosomatic

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7. The bodies network of cells and chemicals can automatically fight off bacteria, viruses, and other foreign matter is known as A.

A. Immune System

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C.

Stressful Experiences

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8. Situations that are potentially disturbing or disturbing and tat we appraise as having an impact on our lives are called A. events. Small, irritating daily events are called B., and small, pleasant daily experiences are called C. How we deal with hassle predicts our daily moods and the occurrence of psychosomatic symptoms.

A. Major Life B. Hassles C. Uplifts

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9. The feelings that results when our attempts to reach some goal are blocked is called A. Feelings of wearing out or becoming exhausted because of too many demands on our time and energy are referred to as B. A direct personal experience of actual or threatened death or serious injury or witnessing such an event could result in terrible stress symptoms called C.

A. Frustration B. Burnout C. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

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10. When we must decide between two or more incompatible choices, we are in A., which can include at least three possibilities. If we must choose between two options with with pleasurable consequences, we experience B. conflict. If we must choose between two options that both have disagreeable consequences, we are in C. conflict. If a single situation has both pleasurable and disagreeable aspects, we are in D. conflict

A. Conflict B. Approach-Approach C. Avoidance-Avoidance D. Approach-Avoidance

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D.

Personality & Social Factors

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11. Three personality traits that decrease the potentially harmful effects of stressful situations are control, commitment, and challenge, which together are called A.

A. Hardiness

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12. If you believe that what you do influences what happens, you are said to have an A. of control. In contrast, if you believe that chance and luck mostly determine what happens and that you do not have much influence, you are said to have an B. of control. People with an external locus of control experience more negative emotions, higher levels of stress, and more psychosomatic symptoms than do those whose locus of control in internal.

A. Internal Locus B. External Locus

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13. One factor that buffers us from stressful experiences is having a group or network of family or friends who provide strong support; this is called A.

A. Social Support

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E.

Extras

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14. Which appraisal causes most stress?

Threat

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15. To appraise the situation as threatening.

Threat Appraisal

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16. Anxiety Steps

1. Stressful Situation 2. Threat Appraisal 3. Trigger Fight-Flight 4. Develop Psychosomatic Symptoms

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17. 1. Avoid conflicts if possible . 2. Just give in to make conflict go away. 3. go to any lengths to win 4. Try to solve conflicts by compromise. 5. Try to solve by finding solutions to both sides to please both.

1. Avoidance 2. Accommodation 3. Domination 4. Compromise 5. Integration

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18. Positive Stress

Eustress

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19. Is the scientific study of optimal human functioning. focusing on the strengths and virtues that enable individuals and communities to thrive. It aims to better understands the positive, adaptive , and fulfilling aspects of human life.

Positive Psychology

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19. Involves deciding to deal with a potentially stressful situation by using one or both of two different coping patterns. A. means we try to decrease stress by solving the problem thorough seeking information, changing our own behavior, or taking whatever action is needed to resolve the difficulty. B. means that we do things primarily to deal with our emotional distress, such as seeking support and sympathy or avoiding or denying the situation.

Secondary Appraisal A. Problem Focus Coping B. Emotion Focus Coping