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Flashcards in Psychopathology Deck (15):
1

Describe the process of systematic desensitisation

1- Counter conditioning: phobic stimulus associated with relaxation
2- Reciprocal Inhibition: relaxation inhibits anxiety
3- Relaxation: deep breathing, peaceful scene, muscle relaxation
4- Desensitisation hierarchy: least to most scary, relaxation at each step

2

Describe the process of flooding

Patient experiences phobia whilst practising relaxation. Session continues until patient is fully relaxed

3

How effective is systematic desensitisation?

Research has shown that 75% of patients with phobias respond to SD

4

Is systematic desensitisation appropriate for all phobias?

Öhman et al suggests that it may not be as effective in treating phobias that have an underlying evolutionary survival component

5

How would someone be diagnosed by statistical infrequency?

If they deviate from the typical values of a set of data

6

How would someone be diagnosed by deviation from social norms?

-Norms are created by society
-Behaving differently from social norms is abnormal

7

Give 2 evaluations of deviation from social norms

•Related to context and degree
•Social norms change over time

8

Give 2 evaluations of statistical infrequency

•Some abnormal behaviour is desirable
•Cut-off point is subjectively determined

9

What is failure to function adequately?

Being unable to handle everyday life (abnormal if it causes distress to self and/or others)

10

What are the 6 categories of ideal mental health?

•Self-attitudes
•Personal growth
•Integration
•Autonomy
•Accurate perception of reality
•Mastery of the environment

11

What are 2 evaluations of failure to function adequately?

•Behaviour may be functional for individual- eg result in them getting attention
•Recognises the subjective experience of the patient

12

Give 2 evaluations of deviation from ideal mental health

•Unrealistic criteria- most people don't meet all of them
•Suggests that mental health is the same as physical health

13

State the emotional, behavioural and cognitive characteristics of phobias

•Emotional- Excessive and unreasonable fear, extreme anxiety
•Behavioural- avoidance or freeze/faint
•Cognitive- Irrational thinking, and recognising that the fear is unreasonable

14

State the emotional, behavioural and cognitive characteristics of depression

•Emotional- Sadness, loss of interest in usual activities, anger
•Behavioural- Shift in activity level, sleep or appetite
•Cognitive- negative self-concept, negative view of the world and the future

15

State the emotional, behavioural and cognitive characteristics of OCD

•Emotional- Obsessions and compulsions cause anxiety and distress
•Behavioural- compulsive behaviours to satisfy obsessions
•Cognitive- recurrent, intrusive thoughts