Psychosocial issues and the cosmetic surgery patient Flashcards Preview

Surgical MCQs > Psychosocial issues and the cosmetic surgery patient > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psychosocial issues and the cosmetic surgery patient Deck (29):
1

Body dysmorphic disorder is one of the more common psychological disorders seen in people seeking cosmetic surgery.

T

2

Cosmetic surgery is generally contraindicated in patients with body dysmorphic disorder.

T

3

In patients seeking cosmetic surgery, women tend to suffer from a greater number of mental conditions.

F Men.

4

Passive-aggressive patients have a decreased need for postoperative nurturing. .

F Increased need. Also whine and exhibit childish behaviour

5

Strong and confident reassurance is needed post-operatively when dealing with hostile and angry patients.

T

6

With obsessive compulsive patients, the doctor must maintain an authoritative presence.

F True for sociopathic patients.

7

For body dysmorphic disorder, the patient shows a preoccupation and excessive concern with an imagined or slight defect.

T

8

For the diagnosis of body dysmorphic disorder, there must be some hindrance to the patient in terms of normal social or occupational functioning.

T

9

The most common complaints in patients with body dysmorphic disorder pertain to the skin, face, hair or nose.

T

10

Body dysmorphic disorder affects around 1 in every 20 patients.

F 1 in 10.

11

Patients with body dysmorphic disorder will perform repetitive compulsive behaviours.

T

12

Koro syndrome is a form of body dysmorphic disorder in Chinese people.

T It is the delusional belief that the penis is shrinking.

13

Patients with body dysmorphic disorder typically see countless doctors for the same problem.

T

14

Patients with body dysmorphic disorder are not at increased risk of suicide.

F

15

Body dysmorphic disorder is not associated with other psychiatric or medical illness.

F Anxiety/panic d/o, heart disease, diabetes, OCD, substance use, manic-depression

16

Social phobias tend to develop after the onset of body dysmorphic disorder.

F Prior to its onset.

17

Depression and substance use usually begin after the onset of body dysmorphic disorder.

T

18

Women with body dysmorphic disorder are often reported to suffer from panic attacks, bulimia and generalised anxiety disorder.

T

19

Men with body dysmorphic disorder are more likely to suffer from bipolar disorder.

T

20

In most patients with body dysmorphic disorder, the rate of surgical success is exceedingly poor.

T

21

Simple restorative cosmetic procedures, such as botox, are contraindicated in patients with body dysmorphic disorder. .

F Little risk of severe psychological complications

22

Most patients with body dysmorphic disorder do not benefit from cosmetic surgery and suffer worsening of symptoms as treatment proceeds.

T

23

Regarding body dysmorphic disorder, it is important not to downplay any of the patient’s concerns about their appearance as this may have a significant negative impact on their recovery.

T

24

Regarding body dysmorphic disorder, you should try to talk patients out of picking their skin or being worried about their appearance.

F Attempts to end their compulsive behaviours often leads to further depression, frustration and lack of recovery.

25

Regarding body dysmorphic disorder, patients should be encouraged to use make-up or camouflage.

F Hiding their perceived deformity interferes with recovery.

26

You should be wary of the patient who cannot point out or verbalize the defect or problem they would like improved

T

27

Be wary of the patient who requires a magnifying mirror to pick out the problematic defect

T

28

Be wary of the patient who demands one particular treatment and is unwilling to contemplate other options suggested by the physician

T

29

It should not be recommended that the patient gain a second opinion

F