Pt 3: Chapter 9 Notes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Pt 3: Chapter 9 Notes Deck (49):
1

Any organization that seeks to influence public policy

Interest group

2

How does an interest group differ from a political party?

Parties address a broad range of issues

3

A party is just a larger set of what

interest groups

4

Interest groups correlate ____ to political parties in recent years

Strongly

5

Federalism and separation of powers does what to interest groups?

Fuels them

6

Tocqueville called America what?

"A nation of joiners"

7

Tocqueville wrote what? And in it he said what about Americans with groups?

Democracy in America
- Americans are more likely to affiliate with groups than any other nation

8

What are some problems with pluralism?

- not everyone has groups
- compromise is unlikey
- there are alliances to STOP things

9

In Fed #10, Madison said what about Americans?

- factions are natural to Americans
- we have a great opportunity to join groups, so we do, and we do so to express our value towards liberty

10

These are examples of what kind of groups?
- business groups
- labor groups
- farm groups
- professional groups

Economic groups

11

What is an environmental interest group an example of?

Citizen group

12

What kind of interest group is most effective in having their message heard in Washington DC

Economic groups

13

Do the rich and powerful have an advantage in the American political system?

YES. Ability to organize and further interests greater

14

This is what?
- purposive incentives
- based on social groupings
- single- issue groups
- ideological groups

Citizens groups

15

Economic groups vs. citizens groups:
- who have a greater access to resources?

Economic groups

16

Economic groups are to these kinds of resources as citizens groups are to these kind of resources

Economic -> private goods
Citizens -> collective goods

17

What is the size factor with economic groups vs. citizens groups?

Business groups are smaller and more efficient

18

What is one specific problem with citizens groups shown with NPR?

The free rider problem. they get collective benefits even without contributing

19

Economic groups also have the free rider problem, but to a lesser extent, among who?

Teachers, police officers, fire fighters in economic groups. Even if they refuse to join the union, they still get the salary benefits that the unions win

20

What is the "Revolving door" with inside lobbying?

Politicians are voted out of office on one day, the next day they get a way higher private job with lobbying organization (bringing with them a whole hoard of contacts and insider info)

21

What do insider lobbyists supply officials with

With information and policy support.

22

What is the key element in acquiring access to officials?

Money and the amount contributed

23

What is the goal of outsider lobbying?

To become an insider

24

Do governments lobby other governments?

Yeah. City of Louisville lobbies state and national government for bridges and stuff

25

These are made up of
- bureaucrats, lobbyists, legislators
- small, informal, stable

Iron triangles

26

These are made up of:
- officals, lobbyists, and policy specialists
- temporary

Issue networks

27

Which happen more often, iron triangles or issue networks?

Issue networks

28

If there is an Iron triangle of the dept of Agriculture, who are not in the mix?

The farmers themselves

29

A group that doesnt have a direct tie with an organization or elected official but can cite large numbers (they can get lawmakers attention if/when they want to)

Outside lobbying : grassroots lobbying

30

What is the specialty of the AARP?

Constituency advocacy through grassroots lobbying

31

This is when members of the public try to get lawmaker's attention

Grassroots lobbying

32

Outside lobbying make what kind of contributions to candidates?

Political action committee (PAC) contributions

33

Most PACs are associated with what

business

34

PACS are given much more heavily to incumbents or new-runners?

Incumbents

35

Regulates PACs, commissions, elections.

FEC

36

PAC contributions are limited to ____$ per candidate for each election cycle

$10,000

37

Whats the difference between a connected PAC and non-connected PAC

Connected PAC: have to have a formal connection to the organization to be apart of it
Nonconnected PAC: no formal connected needed to contribute to it

38

__% of PACs are part of our system and political process, legitimate interest, purpose, and play by the rules

99%

39

Any organization that forms in order to influence public policy

PAC

40

What % of PACs are business related?

64%

41

Super PACs are also known as what?

Independent-expenditure-only-committees (IEOCs)

42

Super PACS came about (the phrase) in what event?

Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010)

43

Super PACs are not allowed to do what?

Not allowed to contribute/coordinate directly to the party or candidate

44

Super PACs have what funding restrictions?

They have unrestricted fundraising and spending, disclosure of donors is not required

45

The contributions of groups to self-government

Pluralism

46

What are some flaws in pluralism?

- interest-group liberalism
- not equally representative

47

A Madisonian dilemma:
- a free society must allow pursuit of what?

self-interest

48

A Madisonian dilemma:
- checks and balances work to protect rights, but also exaggerate what?

the influence of minorities

49

Groups can wield too much influence over what?

Individual policies or agencies